16136 skäl att besöka Tribunal 12 den 12/5 i Stockholm

Posted on maj 6, 2012

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Den 12 maj hålls ett evenemang på Kulturhuset som jag ska följa med stort intresse, nämligen Tribunal 12, ett försök att utreda konsekvenserna och ansvaret för det som sker de flyktingar som försöker ta sig in i ”fästningen Europa”. Ses vi på tribunal 12, den 12/5

Sen 1993 har man registrerat över 16136 döda, som man känner till. Fler har dött som man inte känner till. Många försökte men gav upp. Många kom fram till Europa efter stora vedermödor. En del har fått stanna, andra skickats tillbaka. Vad som saknas är flyktingarnas röst. Vad upplevde de?

Det är många som dör på havet mellan Afrika och Europa, eller i stekheta lastbilar när de försöker skapa sig en bättre tillvaro. De flesta som dör förblir namnlösa. De registreras i statistiken med ett N.N., ”no name”. Vem ge de namnlösa offren ett namn?

Vill du ha ett skäl att besökta Tribunal 12? Jag kan ge 16136 skäl. Här följer de:

Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org,www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
29/01/12 1 N.N. (29, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in asylum seekers house in Wurzburg (D), was in cure for depression HRS/SD/MainP/U4IB/SOS
22/01/12 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa body found floating in an advanced state of decomposition 7 miles from Cabo de Palos (E) MUGAK/Verdad
15/01/12 15 N.N. (12women, 2men, 1baby) Somalia bodies found on Libyan beaches after shipwreck of boat part of 4 boats group on way to I PICUM/FE
15/01/12 1 N.N. Somalia found dead alone in shipwrecked boat that was part of group of 4 boats on way from LY to I PICUM/FE
15/01/12 40 N.N. unknown missing after shipwreck of a boat part of a group of 4 boats on the way from LY to I PICUM/FE
12/01/12 2 N.N. Afghanistan missing after 2 plastic boats trying to cross the border GR-TR via the Evros River overturned PICUM/ClandestinE/Infomob/TK
12/01/12 4 N.N. Bangladesh missing after 2 plastic boats trying to cross the border GR-TR via the Evros River overturned PICUM/ClandestinE/Infomob/TK
10/01/12 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned trying to swim ashore with life jacket, body found floating 33 miles from Motril (E) MUGAK/ElDia
08/01/12 1 N.N. (±28, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned trying to swim ashore with a life-belt, body found on the beach in Melilla (E) MUGAK/LV
05/01/12 1 N.N. (21, man) Guinea-Conraki reportedly lack of medical help after asked for assistance in Barcelona’s detention centre (E) IRR/MUGAK/LV/18Des/EP/EPress
01/01/12 1 N.N. Palestine died of hypothermia trying to cross the river Evros between GR and TR, part of group of 15 CMau/KI
01/01/12 2 N.N. (9, girl; 55, man) Afghanistan missing after they tried to cross the river Evros between GR and TR, part of a group of 15 CMau/KI
27/12/11 1 N.N. (12, boy) Iran died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS
27/12/11 1 N.N. (59, woman) Iran died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS
27/12/11 1 N.N. (±30, man) Africa died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS
19/12/11 1 N.N. (41, woman) Congo died of meningitis hours after her admission to hospital from Aluche detention centre (E) IRR/ICARE/MUGAK
10/12/11 2 N.N. unknown bodies found in the area of Petalo (GR), tried to cross the border TR-GR via the Evros River MNS
06/12/11 1 N.N. (±32, man) North Africa reportedly smugglers tortured and then shot him, found outside Thriassio Hospital,Attik (GR) MNS
06/12/11 2 N.N. Somalia died at sea on way from Libya in a boat of 44 migrants found 75 miles south of Malta TimesM
01/12/11 1 N.N. (16, boy) Syria killed after a car chase in Evros (GR), involving Greek border police and FRONTEX officials MNS
in Dec 11 11 N.N. (men) Algeria missing after they sailed from Sidi Lakhdar (DZ) in the direction of Spain on a makeshift boat FE/Le MatinDZ
28/11/11 1 N.N. (±25, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found in port of Ceuta (E) in advanced state of decomposition FE/ElDia/MUGAK
27/11/11 3 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan bodies found in the south-eastern port of Brindisi (I) after a vessel sank off the nearby coast MNS
27/11/11 20 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan missing after a vessel sank off the coast of Brindisi (I) MNS
26 /11/11 33 N.N. Afghanistan/Kurdistan/Sri Ldarnokwaned, 3 found, 30 missing sailing boat sunk off Brindisi (I) coasts on the way from Turkey FE/LR/PICUM
23/11/11 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies found on Moroccan beach, part of group of 90 who tried to swim to Ceuta MNS
09/11/11 43 N.N. unknown missing after contacting Italian authorities because their boat was taking water in rough seas MNS
11/10/11 2 N.N. Iran died in accident, smugglers’ car overturned as they tried to avoid a police road block MNS
07/10/11 2 N.N. unknown died instantly after being run over by train near Feres (GR) while walking along the railway MNS
in Oct 11 1 Khaled Khodena (man) Iraq murdered due to his religious after deportation from Sweden, his asylum claim was rejected UNHCR/Sveriges
in Oct 11 1 Michael Kelly (man) Liberia found dead in his room at the Gerstungen asylum seekers centre (D) 10 days after he died VRF
28/09/11 4 N.N. Tunisia burned, fire caused by lit candle in Pantin squat, Paris (F) – a municipality owned building MNS/FTRC/Raz/Le Monde/Libération
28/09/11 2 N.N. Egypt asphyxiation, fire started by lit candle in Pantin squat, Paris(F)- a municipality owned building MNS/FTRC/Raz/Le Monde/Libération
14/09/11 1 N.N. unknown drowned, pushed off jetski when smuggler saw coastguards approaching in Andalusia (E) Sur/Mugak
24/08/11 1 N.N. (man) unknown murdered, shot by Frontex officer while shooting at boats crossing TR-GR border, Evros river ClandestinE/Son Dakika/MNS
04/08/11 100 N.N. Africa unknown, bodies thrown overboard from LY boat rescued 104 miles from Lampedusa (I) Telegraph
02/08/11 1 N.N. (man) Asia suicide, hanged himself in a shower at Campsfield House Immigration Removal Centre (GB) MNS
01/08/11 25 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa suffocated, travelling on boat with 275 survivors, SOS sent 35 miles from Lampedusa (I) SP/FE/Le Figaro
29/07/11 30 N.N. unknown unknown, bodies found on boat, engine failed after leaving Alexandria (Egypt) 1 week before FE/Libero
13/07/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Cuba stowaway, crushed to death, found in the wheel-bay of an Iberia passenger plane in Spain MNS
05/07/11 1 N.N. (25-30, man) Maghreb drowned, body found near Selinunte, Trapani (I) in advanced state of decomposition ANSA/FE
01/07/11 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia trying to swim ashore with life jacket, body found off Ceuta’s coast (E) MNS
29/06/11 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa suspected hypothermia, body found wearing life jacket in “Three Stones”, Ceuta (E) FE/VDG
25/06/11 45 N.N. Morocco feared drowned, fell from a boat found neat Motril, Granada (E), 2nd boat still missing FE/PICUM/Diario de Navarra
25/06/11 1 N.N. (20, man) Morocco drowned, body found 4 miles from capsized boat in Motril coast, Granada (E) FE/PICUM/Diario de Navarra
25/06/11 1 N.N. (38, man) Ghana epileptic seizure, Libyan refugee on boat from Lampedusa(I) to mainland, was known sufferer PICUM/FE/AdnK
03/06/11 1 N.N (30, woman) Nigeria found dead in police cell, was detained for having no papers in Zurich airport (CH) Migreurop/AP
02/06/11 270 N.N. West Africa/Pakistan/Bangladdroewshned, 2 found, overcrowded boat capsized 300km from Tripoli (LY) to Lampedusa (I) Migreurop/Mugak/UNHCR/Reu/Universo/GuardianUn/01/06/11 1 N.N. unknown unknown manner of death, died on the way from Libya to Malta body thrown overboard ANSA/Fe
29/05/11 3 N.N. unknown survivors reported bodies missing while reaching the coasts off Sant’Antioco (I) from Libya ANSA/FE
29/05/11 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies missing, boat collided with other boat off Libya’s shore on the way to Italy FE/ilClandestino
22/05/11 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, decomposed body found by Cabo de Gata (E), probably from 5/5/11 shipwreck ABC/Mugak
08/05/11 1 N.N. (30, man) unknown stowaway, died of overheating in truck carrying cablewheels in Fulda (D) travelling from GR HessenR/HNA/Welt/SP
08/05/11 1 N.N. (20-25, man) unknown stowaway, died of overheating in truck carrying cablewheels in Fulda (D) travelling from GR HessenR/HNA/Welt/SP
06/05/11 45 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 13 found, 32 missing, boat of 600 sank off coasts near Tripoli (LY) on the way to I LR
06/05/11 3 N.N. (babies) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned after boat of 600 sank off the coasts near to Tripoli (LY) on the way to I LR
05/05/11 22 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP
05/05/11 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico//MUGAK/EP
05/05/11 1 N.N. (3, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP
05/05/11 1 N.N. (1, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP
30/04/11 1 Aminullah Mohamadi (17, boy) Afghanistan suicide, hanged himself in Parc de la Villette, Paris(F) when told he would be deported DRARI
17/04/11 1 Infeanyi Nwokoye (29) Nigeria manner of death unknown, died in Malta det. ctr. a day after he was captured from escaping MNS
16/04/11 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria drowned, found 3 days after shipwreck off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE
13/04/11 1 Leonie (38, woman) Congo drowned, jumped from boat that wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/DerStandard/MAS/Mail Online
13/04/11 1 Cinie (28, woman) Congo drowned, jumped from boat that wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/DerStandard/MAS/Mail Online
13/04/11 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found after boat wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/MAS/Mail Online
12/04/11 1 N.N. (woman) Nigeria pregnant, died from drinking sea water, boat of 72 went adrift in Mediterranean for 16 days MNS
12/04/11 1 N.N. (2 months, fetus) Nigeria mother died from drinking sea water, boat of 72 went adrift in Mediterranean for 16 days MNS
11/04/11 1 N.N. (29, woman) Somalia body found in a drifting wooden boat off Malta’s shore rescued patrol vessels FE/AFM
10/04/11 1 N.N. (baby) unknown died from thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO Guardian Un./MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCat
10/04/11 1 N.N. (1, baby) unknown died from thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO Guardian Un./MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCat/10/04/11 1 N.N. unknown died from thirst and hunger on reaching land, boat drifted for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO Guardian Un./MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCat
10/04/11 1 N.N. unknown died in prison near Misrata (LY) after boat left to drift for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO Guardian Un./MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCat
10/04/11 59 N.N. Ethiopia/Nigeria/Eritrea/Ghadniead/S furodman thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO Guardian Un./MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCat
08/04/11 1 Kambiz Roustayi (36, man) Iran suicide, failed asylum seeker set himself on fire in Amsterdam (NL), feared deportation NBK/VK/Eindhovens Dagblad/IMA/MNS
06/04/11 177 N.N. Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coamsits/Nsiingge,r ipaa/Srto omf a3l2ia5/ Smuidgarannts on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/06/04/11 37 N.N. (women) Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coamsits/Nsiingge,r ipaa/Srto omf a3l2ia5/ Smuidgarannts on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/06/04/11 1 N.N. (24, woman) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/06/04/11 3 N.N (minors) Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coamsits/Nsiingge,r ipaa/Srto omf a3l2ia5/ Smuidgarannts on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/06/04/11 1 N.N. (3, boy) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/06/04/11 1 N.N. (1, boy) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/02/04/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Afghanistan stowaway, asphyxiation, body found in van at Ancona port (I) on ferry coming from GR PICUM/FE/ANSA/ClandestinE
02/04/11 1 N.N. (20, man) unknown drowned when disembarking boat of 500 migrants in Modica(I), body found by Punta Reglioni FE/PICUM
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 2
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
01/04/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Eritrea drowned whilst disembarking boat with 500 migrants in Modica (I) PICUM/FE
01/04/11 27 N.N. Tunisia drowned, reportedly from missing boat to Italy on 27/03. bodies found off Kerkenneh(TN) FE/PICUM
in Apr 11 58 N.N. Tunisia drowned, bodies found on Tunisian beaches by coastguards Migreurop
31/03/11 70 N.N. Somalia/Eritrea drowned, found off Tripoli coast (LY), may include those from 2 missing boats on way to I Quotidiano/LR/Migeurop/Kaosenlared/RAI/PICUM/MUGAK/28/03/11 10 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat sank on way to Lampedusa (I) from LY, 6 rescued by Egyptian fishing boats Guardian Un./PerCat/AdnK
28/03/11 27 N.N. unknown drowned, found off Kerkennah coast (TN) after 2 boats travelling together from LY sank PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn/MUGAK/Quotidiano
28/03/11 1 N.N. (1, baby) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat sank on way to Lampedusa (I) from LY, 6 rescued by Egyptian fishing boats Guardian Un./PerCat/AdnK
27/03/11 308 N.N. unknown feared drowned, boat of 335 left Libya for Italy has been missing for 2 weeks Quotidiano/LR/Migeurop/Kaosenlared/RAI
26/03/11 1 Seydina Moh. Mbaye (5, boy) Senegal pulmonary embolism on flight to emergency surgery in Strasbourg(F), consulate delayed visa Seneweb/Nouvel Obs
25/03/11 295 N.N. unknown feared drowned after 2 boats travelling together from Sidi Bilal (LY) sank on way to Italy PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn/MUGAK/Quotidiano
25/03/11 10 N.N. Egypt feared drowned after 2 boats travelling together from Sidi Bilal (LY) sank on way to Italy PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn
22/03/11 3 N.N. unknown missing, sent distress signal near Paxoi island (GR) way to I, jumped into sea during rescue ORF
22/03/11 1 N.N. Bangladesh drowned, found off Crete’s island jumped off LY-GR ship in Souda (GR) during repatriation MNS
18/03/11 3 N.N. (±28, men) unknown drowned, patrols found bodies in Petalo area of river Evros (GR) clandestinE
14/03/11 40 N.N. Tunisia drowned; 17 found, 23 missing, boat sank near Kerkenneh (TN) on way to Lampedusa (I) LR/AFP/Le Figaro/EP/Diario de Noticias/TunisieSoir
06/03/11 18 N.N. Bangladesh drowned, 3 found, 15 missing, jumped off LY-GR ship in Souda (GR) during repatriation KI/MNS
04/03/11 2 N.N. Tunisia drowned, boat capsized in a storm off Lampedusa (I), 28 people were rescued AFP/Le Monde/Migreurop/Romandie/LR
04/03/11 2 N.N. (boys) Tunisia drowned, fell into sea during boat rescue of 22 migrants from Tunisia 50km from Marsala (I) FE/GRR
02/03/11 1 N.N. (±27, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, decomposed body found floating opposite La Carihuela beach, Torremolinos (E) SUR/MUGAK
in Mar 11 3 N.N. unknown burned to death in a shack in Melilla (E) as they waited for a chance to cross to mainland ABC/MUGAK
in Mar 11 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Lampedusa (I) LR
01/03/11 1 Shambu Lama (40, man) Nepal suicide, laid under train in Gifhorn(D)in fear of deportation, lived 16yrs in D where he had son Karawane/taz/jW/waz
27/02/11 1 N.N. (±16, boy) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned while trying to cross Benzu breakwater (MA) to Ceuta (E) body found hours after Faro/FE/DiarioVasco
12/02/11 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, boat sank off Zarzis (TN) on way to Italy, 1 body found, 1 missing, 10 survivors LESP
12/02/11 4 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found by patrol guards on a boat adrift off Sfax coast (TN) LR
12/02/11 4 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found by patrol guards on a boat adrift near Sfax (TN) on way to Italy LR
11/02/11 35 N.N. Tunisia drowned; 5 found, 30 missing when TN coastguards rammed their boat, splitting it in two MNS/BBC/LESP/LR/Le Monde/Newsaust/Mugak/Diario 31/01/11 1 N.N. (54, man) Pakistan failed asylum seeker, died after jumping from window during police check in Nicosia flat (CY) CypMail
23/01/11 1 N.N. (man) Mali stopped breathing, very weak after 4 days wait at Strait of Gibraltar coast for MA-E dinghy Humano
18/01/11 1 Garrach (boy) Tunisia drowned, boat capsized near Metline (TN) during poor border control after Ben Ali abdication FE
17/01/11 2 N.N. (men) Algeria drowned, set boat on fire and jumped to avoid border patrol in Annaba (DZ) on the way to I FE/Migreurop/ElW
16/01/11 33 N.N. Afghanistan missing, feared drowned when ship sank near Corfu (GR) on way to Italy, 230 survivors ClandestinE/FE/AFP/KI/VK/MNS/BBC
08/01/11 1 N.N. (±25, man) Africa froze to death, body found in Nea Vissa, Evros (GR) near to Turkish border ClandestinE/Frontexplode
07/01/11 1 Borka T. (woman) Kosovo brain haemorrhage, could not receive medical treatment once deported from D to Kosovo WSWS/LV/MNS/Karawane
06/01/11 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found in Evros River trying to cross GR-TR border FE/AFP
20/12/10 1 N.N. (±28, man) Africa frozen to death, found in Nea Vissa (GR), crossing TR-GR border Frontexplode/MNS
17/12/10 2 N.N. (men) Africa froze to death, bodies found in Nea Vissa (GR), near Turkish border Frontexplode/MNS
12/12/10 1 Saidou Gadiaga (37, man) Senegal asthma attack at Masotti Carabinieri station, Brescia (I) medical treatment provided too late MNS/LR/Africa-News
11/12/10 5 N.N. unknown missing, feared drowned when ship sank off Kani Keli, Mayotte (F), 31 survivors info/FE
07/12/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found in the Evros region (GR) near to border with Turkey ClandestinE/Frontexplode
01/12/10 1 N.N. (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, suffocated whilst hiding in truck on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Ancona (I) Migreurop/FE/Kinisi/CorAdriatico
29/11/10 1 N.N. (38, man) Mali died from shock, taser was used on deportee by police in Colombes (FR) to calm fight Europe1/MNS
27/11/10 1 Sardar Ayari (25, man) Afghanistan stowaway, crushed between 2 trucks whilst trying to climb into one in Patras (GR) going to I Migreurop/Kinisi/FE
23/11/10 4 N.N. (men) Iran stowaways, suffocated in back of van near Amphiloxia (GR), travelling from Italy Europe1/FE/PICUM/MNS
22/11/10 2 N.N. (±20, men) Maghreb died of burns and fume inhalation, fire they made to heat up Santurtzi squat (E) spread EP/ELC
16/11/10 1 N.N. (23, man) Somalia drowned, boat sank on way from Balkans, body found in Bari(I) holding Greek expulsion order FE/PICUM
09/11/10 1 Brahim A (54, man) Morocco brain haemorrhage, fell 20ft while working without papers, left at Ceuta hospital gate (E) ElDia/LV/MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/Diario de Noticias
in Nov 10 6 N.N. Eritrea beaten to death with sticks by traffickers in Sinai desert (Israel), for trying to escape group ECRE/LR
01/11/10 2 N.N. (men) Eritrea killed by traffickers holding them in Sinai desert (Israel), for using phones to call for help LR/ECRE
12/10/10 1 Jimmy Mubenga (46, man) Angola suffocated, security guards restrained him during deportation, on flight from Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/NR/IndGB/Demotix/BBC/Rue89/FE/PICUM/07/10/10 1 N.N. (man) Algeria stowaway, drowned whilst swimming from ship to shore at Pinedo beach, Valencia (E) Provincias
02/10/10 5 N.N. (18-36, men) Algeria missing, feared drowned, sailing with 30 survivors rescued off coast of Mostaganem (DZ) FE/Swiss.ch
21/09/10 1 N.N. (22, man) Eritrea stowaway, travelling from Georgia, hurriedly jumped off truck near Foggia (I) and fell on head Migreurop/FE/FaiNoti
13/09/10 1 Andoine Bassoumga (41, man) Congo heart attack, diabetic asylum seeker in Nicosia (CY), had a poor diet when welfare was cut KISA/CypMail
08/09/10 24 N.N. Maghreb missing, feared drowned on the way from El Bouni, Annaba (DZ) to Italy by boat Les Temps D’Algerie
08/09/10 19 N.N. Maghreb missing, feared drowned on the way from Seraidi, Annaba (DZ) to Italy by boat Les Temps D’Algerie
in Sept 10 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overboard a boat carrying 34 others, found on Alboran Sea (E) Humano
in Sep 10 1 Nezam Azimi (60, man) Afghanistan murdered, was forcibly returned to Kabul in 2006 when asylum denied in NL, killed by Taliban MNS/Telegraaf
31/08/10 2 N.N. Maghreb bodies found by civil guard on Ceuta beach (E), in an advanced state of decomposition SUR
28/08/10 2 N.N. unknown found off Ceuta’s coast (E), believed to have fallen from boats several months ago MAC
25/08/10 1 N.N. (minor) Afghanistan body found by police on Jonic coast, Calabria (I), reportedly died whilst disembarking sailboat ANSA/Gazzettino
15/08/10 3 N.N. Cameroon died of thirst in Algerian desert near Tamanrasset, with 9 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
15/08/10 3 N.N. Mali died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 9 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
15/08/10 2 N.N. Ivory Coast died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 10 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
15/08/10 2 N.N. Senegal died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 10 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
15/08/10 1 N.N. Gambia died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 11 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
15/08/10 1 N.N. Guinea died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 11 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica
12/08/10 1 N.N. (55, man) Algeria drowned, body found by helicopter rescue 24km from Tabarca, Alicante (E) Provincias/Deia/Diario de Navarra/Raz/ElDia
11/08/10 8 N.N. unknown drowned, 6 missing and 2 found by sea patrol near Tabarka, Alicante (E) travelling from DZ Les Temps d’Algerie/Migreurop
11/08/10 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies found in La Linea de la Conception (E) near to the strait of Gibraltar EFE/SUR
11/08/10 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, mark of a knock on his head, body found near to Levante beach (E) EFE
07/08/10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found 2 miles from Altea, Alicante (E) Provincias/EP/MNS/RoundTown
07/08/10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found on San Juan beach (E) Provincias/EP/RoundTown
in Aug 10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during a shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found by fishermen in Calp, Alicante (E) EP/Provincias/RoundTown
28/07/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, bodies found off Javea coast (E) EP/Provincias/DiarioVasco/RoundTown
25/07/10 1 Osman Rasul (27, man) Iraq suicide, jumped from balcony in Nottingham (GB), couldn’t find solicitor for his asylum appeal Guardian Un./BBC/IRR/ThisIsNott/TheHuff/NoBordersNott/11/07/10 3 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) carrying 25 survivors Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico
11/07/10 2 N.N.(babies) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) carrying 25 survivors Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico
11/07/10 1 N.N. (fetus) Sub-Saharan Africa mother’s body was found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico
in Jul 10 1 N.N. (20, man) Afghanistan body found on Jonic coast, Calabria (I) at end of July, died during disembarking boat ANSA/Gazzettino
in Jul 10 1 N.N. (14, boy) Afghanistan reported missing on Jonic coast, Calabria (I) at end of July, had travelled by sailboat ANSA/Gazzettino
27/06/10 1 Zahara Bare (42, woman) Somalia pregnant asylum seeker in a Leersum asylum centre (NL)who was denied urgent medical care aduc/Doorbraak/SunaT/IRR
27/06/10 1 N.N. (fetus) unknown mother died when denied urgent medical care in a Leersum asylum centre (NL) aduc/Doorbraak/SunaT
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 3
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
25/06/10 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP
25/06/10 1 N.N. (25, man) unknown killed by another asylum seeker in Alvesta (S) apartment rented by Migration Board UNHCR/DS
08/06/10 1 N.N. Africa drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS
03/06/10 1 N.N. (man) Ivory Coast unknown cause had mental health problems but was not monitored in Charleroi(B) asylum cr. MNS/FIDH/IRR
02/06/10 1 Slawik C. (58, man) Armenia suicide, hanged himself with kettle cord whilst facing deporting in Langenhagen prison (D) 762/IRR
in Jun 10 6 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP
in Jun 10 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP
in Jun 10 3 N.N. unknown missing, suspected drowned, boat overturned when crossing Evros river from TR-GR TimesM/Migreurop/AFP
in Jun 10 5 N.N. unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river (TR) trying to get to Greece TimesM/Migreurop
30/05/10 20 N.N. Chad/Egypt/Nigeria whilst travelling to Europe, executed in Tripoli and Banghazi (LY) for alleged criminal offences LR
13/05/10 1 Mohamed Abagui (man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself with bedsheet whilst awating deportation in Barcelona det centre(E) SetDirecta/FAIV/EP/PerCat/IRR
03/05/10 1 Abdoulaye (20, man) Ivory Coast stowaway, hanging under lorry, had permission to travel Ceuta-Malaga (E) but was prevented MNS
02/05/10 1 Alan Rasoul Ahmed (man) Iraq suicide, asylum seeker hanged himself in Liverpool (GB) as he was homesick and left in limbo IRR
in May 10 1 N.N. (34, man) Maghreb deported from NL without family, died while trying to reenter Europe via boat to Samos (GR) VK
18/04/10 1 N.N. (±25, man) Algeria drowned whilst swimming to city, body washed up on Chorrillo beach, Ceuta (E) Provincias/SUR/Can7
18/04/10 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found by Evros river near Edirne (TR) when boat capsized, 7 survivors PICUM/UNHCR
16/04/10 1 Yeni P. (34, woman) Indonesia suicide, hanged herself in deportation centre in Hamburg (D) jW/Karawane/IRR/FR-H
15/04/10 1 Eliud Nguli Nyenze (40, man) Kenya died after being denied medical attention by staff at Oakington detention centre (GB) GuardianUn/IndyMedia/MornStar/IRR
13/04/10 11 N.N. (adults) Algeria reportedly drowned, boat sank of Almeria coast (E) on way from Algeria. 3 survivors PUB/SUR/Provincias/Can7/Nerja/MUGAK/EP/ABC/Diario 11/04/10 1 Ramahdin (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, fell under wheels of truck when it boarded a boat in Dunkirk (F), travelling to GB PICUM/IRR
10/04/10 1 N.N. (27, man) Shri Lanka stabbed by housemate in Venice (I), jealous of his permanent residency and work permit LaNVenezia
07/04/10 1 N.N. (30, man) Afghanistan stabbed in canteen-queue fight in Sandholm Asylum Centre(DK) tension due to overcrowding CPH/IRR/MNS
02/04/10 1 N.N. (30, man) Chechnia stabbed by breadknife by drunk asylum seeker, whilst in asylum centre in Mostviertel (A) DerStandard/Salzburger Nachrichten
in Apr 10 1 N.N. unknown (minor) suicide, depressed after asylum claim was rejected did not receive medical support UNHCR/Sverinsge
30/03/10 7 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized 3 miles from Kafr el-Sheikh, Egypt on way to Italy. 38 survivors Le Monde/MP/FE/KI
28/03/10 1 N.N. (15, boy) Afghanistan asylum seeker, killed by bomb exposion in Athens (GR) while searching for food into garbage IRR
21/03/10 3 N.N. Somalia bodies thrown overboard on the way to Sicily (I), 20 surivors rescued by border patrol LR/FE
17/03/10 1 Joseph Ndukaku (29, man) Nigeria died during deportation at Zurich airport (CH),weak from hunger strike,police forcibly restrain AdnK/Swiss.ch/BBC/UNHCR/Augen Auf/DerBund/IPSNA/07/03/10 1 David Mardiani (17, man) Georgia suicide, asylum seeker, hanged himself in Hamburg deportation centre (D) after hunger strike WSWS/Migreurop/CaucKnot/SP/jW/taz/AN/IRR/MNS
07/03/10 1 Serge Serykh (man) Russia suicide, jumped with his family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/Migreurop/TheHerlad/MNS
07/03/10 1 Tatiana Serykh (woman) Russia suicide, jumped with her family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/TheHerlad/MNS/Migreurop
07/03/10 1 Stefan Serykh (19, man) Russia suicide, jumped with his family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/MNS/TheHerald/Migreurop
03/03/10 1 N.N. (13 months, girl) Nigeria refused hospital treatment in Cernusco sul Naviglo (I) due to new discriminatory laws Everyone Group
11/02/10 6 N.N. (men) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE
11/02/10 1 N.N. (woman) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE
11/02/10 1 N.N. (girl) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE
11/02/10 8 N.N. unknown reportedly missing, dinghy capsized off Samos Island (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE
16/01/10 1 M. El Abbouby (25, man) North Africa suicide, exhaled camping gas spray in his cell in S.Vittore prison, Milan (I) LR/IRR
10/01/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned, suspected that boat capsized 6 days earlier, travelling from Turkey to Greece Zaman/NOB
04/01/10 1 M. Yahya Tabbabi (31, man) Tunisia asylum-seeker, died in detention centre in Vottem (B) due to lack of medical treatment Migreurop/IRR/ST
04/01/10 19 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized when travelling from Turkey to Greece Zaman/NOB
in Jan 10 1 Wadim S. (±21, man) Latvia suicide, jumped in front of train in Hamburg (D) after hearing he would be deported SP
in 2010 5 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck with 36 survivors, bodies found on Valencia coast (E) LV
in 2010 13 N.N. unknown drowned, boat sank off Andalusia coast (E), 10 bodies found, 3 missing LV
in 2010 2 N.N. (babies) unknown feared drowned, missing after boat sank off Andalusia coast (E) LV
31/12/09 14 N.N. Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam
31/12/09 7 N.N. (women) Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam
31/12/09 1 N.N. (2, baby) Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam
25/12/09 1 Carlos (34, woman) Brazil suicide, transexual hanged herself with a sheet in detention center of Milan (I) EveryOne Group/LR/Migreurop
15/12/09 1 Maiouad (15, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, killed crossing a highway near Calais (F), trying to go to GB by hiding in a truck NOB/FE
12/12/09 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat sank off coast of Leros Island (GR), 25 rescued from rocky islet NOB/TodZam
09/12/09 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, frozen to death in a lorry trying to go from Tangeri (MA) to Marseilles (F) AP/FE
in Dec 09 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found off Alexandroupoli (GR) when boat shipwrecked KI
24/11/09 1 Ibrahim M.B. (35, man) Senegal murdered by his employer in Vercelli (I) as he did not want to pay him a 3 months salary CDS
24/11/09 23 N.N. Comoros Islands reportedly drowned, boat sank between island Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands Publico/AFP/MigrantsOM
20/11/09 1 N.N. (30, man) Bolivia died after repatriation operation after 26 days spent inside detention center of Malaga (E) Sur
18/11/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, fell from wooden boat in the sea off the coast of Tarifa (E) EP/FE
12/11/09 1 Jianping Liu (35, woman) China suicide, jumped from bridge near Heathrow (GB) after police questioned her about residence IRR/UxbGaz
06/11/09 6 N.N. (1m; 1 w; 3 childr; 1 baby) Afghanistan drowned, 5 died, 1 missing, overloaded boat sank off the coast of Bodrum (TR) FE/Ansa/Le Monde/NOB
06/11/09 1 Abdelkader H. (19, man) Algeria suicide, jumped in Bilbao’s river (E) escaping from policemen who took him for a thief EP
01/11/09 1 N.N. (young man) unknown stowaway, suffocated, found in the back of a lorry entering the Channel Tunnel (F) to GB FE/Mail Online/IRR
in Nov 09 1 N.N. (±30, man) Somalia swine flu, died whilst staying in asylum centre in Norway, no medical care was given UNHCR/IRR
30/10/09 1 Mohammed Iqbal Safi (18, man) Afghanistan jumped in river Thames(GB) after police questioned him in custody for immigration offences IRR
29/10/09 3 N.N. Algeria bodies found on a boat tracked southeast of Cartagena on Spain’s southern coast EXP/UnSarda/EarthT/EP/PUB/PICUM/NOB
27/10/09 9 N.N. (±30, 1 man; 3 w; 5 childr) Afghanistan drowned after wooden boat from TR collided with rocks on the island of Mytilini (GR) LR/TDN/Le Figaro/CDS/Migreurop/ANSA/gara.net/Picum/27/10/09 1 N.N. unknown found on boat escorted to Sicily; I and M refused for 3 days to receive them in their territory LR/Can7/Picum/NOB
15/10/09 16 N.N. (1 woman; 1 child) Kosovo drowned, 11 died, 5 missing, boat capsized trying to cross Serbo-H border via Tisza river Picum/UNMIK/NOB
10/10/09 1 Mohammad Atif Kamran (25, m) Pakistan murdered, beaten, dragged in police station of Nikaia (GR) and tortured till death Anarkismo/IRR
06/10/09 7 N.N. Egypt/Somalia drowned, 4 died, 3 missing, trying to swim from a dinghy to the coast of Gela (I) Picum/EveryOne Group/NOB
06/10/09 1 Hasun Albaadzh (man) Syria medical neglect, died in Busmantsi detention centre (BG) where he had been held for 3 years IRR
19/09/09 28 N.N. (7 women; 1 man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 8 found, 20 missing, small boat sank off the coast of MA near Perejil Island (E) AFP/EP/DiarioVasco/Razon/ELM/ELC/PerCat/Xinhua/14/09/09 1 Gagandeep Singh K. (32, man) India suicide, died of heart attack due to a month-long hunger strike in prison in Wien (A) DerStandard/FRO/WIKO/Asyl in Not/RoterP
10/09/09 1 Hassan Rahimi (boy) Afghanistan suicide, unaccompanied minor who hanged himself in London (GB) as he feared eviction IRR
29/08/09 1 N.N. Maghreb manner of death unknown, died during boat trip, found in Granadilla, Tenerife Island (E) Diario de Noticia/ElDia/ABC/Verdad/DNG/Deia/gara.net/28/08/09 1 N.N. (woman) Africa drowned during rescue operation in Birzebuggia coast (M) on her way from Africa Gara/MUGAK/NOB
25/08/09 1 Mahmum O (26, man) Iraq suicide, asylum seeker found hanging in prison cell in Nuremburg (D) four days earlier IRR
24/08/09 1 Mrs T. (32, woman) Libanon suicide, overdose to family being moved to an asylum seekers camp in Mittweida (D) ARI
20/08/09 72 N.N. (55 man; 17 woman) Eritrea bodies thrown overboard after 23 days traveling from Libya to Lampedusa (I) LR/CDS/GE/FE/MUGAK/EP/AFP/GARA/ANSA/Nouvel 17/08/09 27 N.N. (1 man) Sub-Saharan Africa/Morocco drowned,7 found, 20 missing, 10 survived, shipwreck near Trafalgar beach in southern Spain LatinAHTribune
12/08/09 2 N.N. Turkey drowned, 2 died, motorboat sank off the coast of Kos Island (GR) on the way from TR FE/Picum/Cesdop/NOB
10/08/09 20 N.N. Somalia murdered, guards opened fire during their escape attempt from det. cr. in Banghazi (LY) FE/VOA
09/08/09 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, body found on hallway Brindisi-Lecce (I) thrown over truck with 17 survivors CDS/NOB
09/08/09 12 N.N. Somalia missing after Benghazi (LY) massacre by police, in detention centre along LY to Italy route FE/GiovaniE
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 4
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
09/08/09 6 N.N. Somalia killed by police in Benghazi massacre (LY), when prisoners tried to escape detention centre FE/GiovaniE
09/08/09 1 Heval Huseyn Ismail (28, man) Kurdistan suicide, failed asylum seeker who hanged himself in a South Shields park (GB) ShieldsG/IRR
08/08/09 12 N.N. unknown 1 died, 11 missing, boat collided with Algerian coast guard vessel in the port of Annaba (DZ) BBC/Migreurop/NOB
06/08/09 1 F.A. (27, woman) Morocco suicide, threw herself in the Brembo River in Bergamo (I) in fear of deportation LR/IRR
03/08/09 12 N.N. (1 man) Algeria drowned, 1 died, 11 missing, wooden boat capsized 4 miles from Cabo de Palos (E) EP/Verdad/ELM/RAZ/MUGAK
27/07/09 1 Arivan Osman Asis (20, man) Iraq murdered, beaten by border guards in his attempt to embark to reach I, died in GR hospital AFP
27/07/09 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, parts of a body found along la Fontanilla beach of Marbella Island (E) FE/SUR
25/07/09 1 Luis Beltran Larrosa (56, man) Uruguai died of heart attack in Tenerife (E), employer did not call for assistance as Luis was illegal Can7/VDG/ElDia/Publico
14/07/09 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died at the hospital of El Hierro, Canary Islands (E), after boat arrived in La Estaca harbour Verdad/Diario de Navarra
14/07/09 1 Azad Hayi (28, man) Kurdistan manslaughter, beaten by neonazis whilst returning to Möhlau asylum centre (D) at night taz
12/07/09 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa 1 died on board during travel, 1 died at the hospital of El Hierro (E) because of dehydration Publico/EP/Diario de Noticia/VDG/Gara/Verdad/Diario 01/07/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found 42 miles south of Cabo de Gata in Almeria (E) by Liberian ship PICUM
29/06/09 9 N.N. (3 women; 5 men; 1 child) Maghreb drowned, wooden boat collided with rocks off Barbate (E), traffickers imprisoned for murder PICUM/SUR/Publico/EP/ELM/Verdad/DiarioVasco/MNS/23/06/09 1 Amir Rohol (19, boy) Afghanistan stowaway,fell from the truck he was hidden, died in hospital 3h later in Ancona (I) PICUM/LR/MP/NOB
19/06/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Ecuador suicide in a cell in Barcelona (E) hanging himself with his own shirt, arrested because illegal EP/AVUI/MUGAK
17/06/09 2 N.N. (men) Algeria 1drowned, 1missing after shipwreck due to storm waters 30 miles south Cartagena (E) LV/Verdad/PICUM/NOB
04/06/09 25 N.N. (men; women; 8 babies) Sub-Saharan Africa/Morocco missing after their boat sank 10 miles off Tarifa, Cadiz (E) on the way from Tanger (MA) ABC/MUGAK/EP/ELM/LV/EFE/Diario de Navarra /GARA/in Jun 09 1 N.N. (16, boy) unknown suicide after his asylum claim was rejected in asylum seeker accomodation Varmland (S) IRR
27/05/09 1 Mir Abbas Safari (36, man) Afghanistan suicide after 67 days in detention centre in Gavle (S) in fear of being deported IRR/UPP/NewsD
19/05/09 1 Jonathan Sizalina (20, man) Ecuador reported suicide using tshirt but guards reportedly beat him in Barcelona detention centre(E) SetDirecta/FAIV
07/05/09 1 N.N. (49, woman) Tunisia suicide in the detention centre of Ponte Gallera, in Roma (I) IlMess/IRR
in May 09 2 N.N. Somalia drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS
in May 09 1 N.N. Tunisia drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS
30/04/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in the hospital in Tarifa (E) after Spanish authorities blocked a boat from Tanger (MA) EFE/NOB
23/04/09 35 N.N. (26 men; 9 women) Africa drowned, bodies found after shipwreck 250 km east of Aden (Yemen) on way from Somalia MUGAK/Can7/EFE/UNHCR/LR/GARA
23/04/09 20 N.N. Africa missing after shipwreck, 250 km east of Aden (Yemen), coming from Somalia, 165 survivors MUGAK/Can7/EFE/UNHCR/LR/GARA
23/04/09 2 N.N. unknown reportedly died of hypothermia, found by Spanish authorities in the Strait of Gibraltar (E) MUGAK/EFE/Diario de Navarra/PICUM/EHAR/NOB
18/04/09 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa body found by Mauritanian guards on a boat near Nuadibu on way to Canary Islands (E) MUGAK/EFE/ElDia/Diario de Navarra
16/04/09 1 Esat Ekos (19, pregnant woman) Nigeria died during rescue operation, boat waited 4 days before to be allowed to reach Italian coasts MUGAK/TimesM/Diario de Navarra/Verdad/LR/PUN/VDG/16/04/09 1 N.N. (fetus) Nigeria died during rescue operation, boat waited 4 days before to be allowed to reach Italian coasts MUGAK/TimesM/Diario de Navarra/Verdad/LR/PUN/VDG/05/04/09 1 N.N. (26, man) Afghanistan stabbed after a brawl in Villemin square, Paris (F), where he lived as asylum seeker Reu/Ya.F/MSF/MRAP/CSE10/AFP
03/04/09 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Africa bodies found on a boat reportedly from LY 60 km off Lampedusa’s Southern coast (I) ANSA/AVV/NOB
29/03/09 300 N.N. (69 women; 2 children) Somalia/Morocco/Syria/Nigedrioaw/Enreitdre, a2/1A blgoedrieas/T fuonuinsdia, 3 boats sank due to stormy waters 30 km off LY on way to I ABC/MUGAK/Deia/DiariodeNavarra/DNG/APDHA/Berria/29/03/09 500 N.N. Somalia/Morocco/Syria/Nigemrisas/Einrgit raefate/Ar l3g ebroiaa/tTsu snaisnika due to stormy waters 30 km off LY on way from Tripoli (LY) to I ABC/MUGAK/Deia/DiariodeNavarra/DNG/APDHA/Berria/29/03/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Iraq stowaway, dead under a Bulgarian lorry he hang on to pass the border in Ancona harbour (I) CDS/NOB
26/03/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Iraq asylum seeker was run over by a lorry in Venice harbor (I) reportedly trying to skip ID control CDS/ANSA/AdnK/NOB
23/03/09 1 Mazir (24, man) unknown found in Votanikos stream near Aliens Bureau in Athens (GR), stayed in coma for 3 months NR/IRR
22/03/09 2 N.N. Maghreb missing when Spanish patrol transfered the passengers from their boat off Cabo de Gata (E) MUGAK/EFE/PUB/NOB
19/03/09 67 N.N. Africa 17 deaths, 50 missing, after shipwreck near to Sfax (TN) on the way from Libya to Italy LS/FE/ANSA/Ach/AFP/LSW/NOB
19/03/09 1 Salah Soudami (42, man) Algeria reportedly beaten on the Ponte Gallierra det. cr. Roma (I) after refusal of medical treatment CARTA/ElW
17/03/09 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa body washed ashore on the beach Linea de la Concepcion, Cadiz (E) MUGAK/DNA/SUR/PUB/EFE/ELM/NOB
16/03/09 11 N.N. (7 men; 4 women) Nigeria died of thirst in the LY-Niger desert trying to reach I, left there by Libyan authorities NOB/LR
06/03/09 1 N.N. (±20, man) Africa tangled in razor wire trying to jump a border fence from Morocco to Ceuta (E) REU/NOB
in Mar 09 14 N.N. (1 pregnant woman) Nigeria, Africa died giving birth with 13 more in Oran’s desert (AR) after got lost ran out of fuel and water FE/NAN/NT/ODILI
21/02/09 1 N.N. Africa died when vessel tried to land near Montril (E); 34 migrants survived NOB/REU
15/02/09 2 N.N. (woman; pregnant woman) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz/15/02/09 1 N.N. (8 months, foetus) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz/15/02/09 19 N.N. (15 boys; 4 girls) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz/15/02/09 4 N.N. (men) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz/15/02/09 1 N.N. Maghreb missing after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz/02/02/09 3 N.N. (men) Gambia reportedly dehydration, died after 4 days without water or food in boat near Canary Isl. (E) ABC/EP/MUGAK/ELM/Diario de Navarra/SUR/Can7/ELC/in Feb 09 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in boat drifting for 2 days near the coast of Motril (E) with 34 survivors AFP/MAG
31/01/09 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa body found by Moroccan navy in boat sailing near the coasts of Al Hoceima (MA) Can7/MUGAK
29/01/09 8 N.N. Tunisia drowned, shipwreck due to storm waters in Tunisi’s Bay (TN) ANSA
28/01/09 5 N.N. unknown bodies washed ashore on the coasts near the town of Bodrum (TR) AFP/REU/NOB
22/01/09 1 Vivede (19, woman) Nigeria died of burns and exposure after sailing by boat from Africa to Lampedusa (I) LR/ASCA
21/01/09 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in the boat with 53 survivors on Cala Pisana’s beach, Lampedusa (I) LR/MP/AdnK/ANSA/NOB
21/01/09 8 N.N. Libya reportedly frozen to death on the sailing from Libya to Lampedusa (I) LR/CDS
19/01/09 30 N.N. (±25) Tunisia missing, after boat of 35 capsized off the coast of Tunisia on way to Italy LR/FE/LPC/PICUM/APDHA/CDS/AEDH/LIDU
19/01/09 1 N.N. (48, man) Sri Lanka frozen to death, body found under the Vittorio Emanuele Gallery in Messina (I) Ansa
14/01/09 4 N.N. (±25) Algeria reportedly missing after the boat capsized for motor problems after leaving Kristel (DZ) QUOTI/FE
13/01/09 1 N.N. (18 months, child) unknown drowned off Syros Island (GR), after boat carrying 19 migrants capsized FE/KI/NOB
10/01/09 4 N.N. (women) Senegal drowned, transferred to canoe after abandoning boat trip to (E), capsized off Senegal coast NOB/FE
09/01/09 1 N.N. (man) unknown run over by the truck he was hanged on to pass the border in Ancona (I) harbour Adnk
07/01/09 1 N.N. (30, man) Afghanistan stabbed in fight between migrants attempting to get aboard the lorry to UK in Calais (F) Telegraph/Mail Online/Evening Standard/PICUM/Congoo/03/01/09 1 Hussein Zahidul (24, man) Bangladesh manner of death unknown, body found in a ditch in Votanikos (GR), near the Aliens Bureau KI/IRR/MNS
01/01/09 1 Alino (29, man) Cameroon died on way to hospital in Nador (MA) after being shot by border guards in Farhana (E/MA) AI/Diversity/MUGAK/Connect/EP/Tribuna/ELM/LV/ELC/in Jan 09 12 N.N. (±25) Algeria reportedly missing, left Arzew’s coast (DZ) on 2 January in bad weather conditions QUOTI/FE
in 2009 1 Jonson Ibitui (man) Nigeria heart attack from stress, soon after his release from 1 year’s det in Busmantsi centre (BG) GloDP/IRR
24/12/08 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition by a fisherman near off Melilla’s coast (E) MUGAK/Publico/SUR/NOB
18/12/08 7 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania drowned, 3 found, 4 missing, dinghy sank due to bad weather in Aegean Sea on way to GR PICUM/AFP/ANSA/NOB
10/12/08 1 Rezai Mahumut (13, boy) Afghanistan was run over by the wheels of the lorry while clinching to it in Mestre, Venice (I) CDS/ST/EpolisR/NOB
07/12/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in a boat rescued by the Spanish authorities near Arguineguin, Canary Isl. (E) Publico/NOB
06/12/08 4 N.N. (3 men; 1 woman) Palestine drowned after dinghy sank off Ayvalik (TR), bodies were pulled from the water, 23 survivors KI/FE/PICUM/NOB
06/12/08 1 N.N. (4, child) unknown drowned, dinghy sank trying to cross the sea between TR and Samos Island (GR) EarthT/PICUM/NOB
02/12/08 1 Hamid al-Amrani (12, boy) Morocco suicide, father was repratiated, hanged himself with bathrobe belt in Madrid care centre (E) AOL/Publico/Terra/ABC/adn/EPress/Kaoenlared/ASSI/25/11/08 2 N.N. unknown bodies found in a refrigerator truck with other 30 hidden people in a southern GR coastline FE/IntHeraldTribune/NOB
21/11/08 21 N.N. unknown drowned, after shipwreck near the French island of Mayotte N24/AFP/NOB
19/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa died of heart attack in hospital after boat was intercepted near to Canary coast (E) ABC/AFP
13/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa missing, fell into the sea during rescue operation 9 miles south Lampedusa (I) FE/AdnK/UnSarda/LS/NOB
12/11/08 6 N.N. (4 men; 2 women) Sub-Saharan Africa found by Algerian authorities in an advanced state of decomposition in Ardrar (S.E. Sahara) PICUM/MNS/AlgerieMonde
11/11/08 3 N.N. (1 adult; 2 minors) Africa 1 died on the boat, 1 when arrived to El Hierro coast (E) and 1 in the hospital one week later ElDia/Top News/ABC/FE/PICUM/Mugak/EFE/gara.net/10/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in La Candelaria’s hospital, in Tenerife (E), 5 days after his boat was intercepted ElDia/Top News/ABC/FE
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 5
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
05/11/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa found by boat in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Birzebbugia (M) TimesM
02/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM/NOB
01/11/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM/NOB
29/10/08 3 N.N. (2 adults; 1 minor) Sub-Saharan Africa 2 found in boat at La Gomera’s coast (E), 1 died of hypothermia later in hospital EP/NOB
29/10/08 2 N.N. unknown drowned, recovered by Greek border police in eastern Aegean facing the Turkish coast PICUM
26/10/08 1 Muhammad Asraf Pakistan injured in police violence, in asylum seekers queue outside Aliens’ directorate in Athens (GR) ECRE/ST/Vluchteling/IRR/MNS
23/10/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa found by boat in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea between M and LY TimesM
23/10/08 1 N.N. (17) Albania drowned in a southern Albanian lagoon close to Greece after overloaded boat capsized FE/Javno/NOB
23/10/08 2 N.N. (young people) Albania drowned in a southern Albanian lagoon close to Greece after overloaded boat capsized Javno
20/10/08 1 N.N. (22, woman) Albania drowned in a lagoon in Southern AL after boat capsized trying to avoid police checkpoint Reu/Picum/Javno/NOB
20/10/08 1 N.N. (3 months, baby) Albania drowned in a lagoon in Southern AL after boat capsized trying to avoid police checkpoint Reu/Picum/Javno/NOB
20/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa manner of death unknown, body found on boat with 92 survivors arriving in Gran Canaria (E) NOB/TySp
20/10/08 1 N.N. unknown killed, shot by Libyan civilian as his migrant boat left Libya for Europe HRW
19/10/08 1 N.N. (60, woman) France suicide, set herself on fire to protest against the deportation of her Armenian partner SP
18/10/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa body found in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM
12/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Serbia suicide in the Vottem det. cr. (B) after hearing his asylum claim had been rejected IRR/MNS/GRAPPE/CRACPE/VRF
07/10/08 50 N.N. Africa drowned, boat capsized due to stormy waters in Kenitra (MA) MNS/NOB
06/10/08 2 N.N. (men) Iraq drowned, found between Evros River delta and Alexandroupolis port (GR) by fishing boat NOB/KI
05/10/08 18 N.N. Pakistan, Myanmar stowaways, died from asphyxiation in a track from Istanbul (TR) to GR after traffic accident Picum/Nt7/TodZam/NOB
05/10/08 4 N.N. (3 men, 1 boy) Iraq drowned, bodies found between Evros River delta and Alexandroupolis port (GR) NOB/KI
05/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, struck by car after falling off the truck he was hidden under on highway A381 (E) NOB/EP
05/10/08 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa stowaway, body found by Civil Guard in Melilla, was hiding in car compartment to enter Spain NOB/Verdad
04/10/08 2 N.N. (men) unknown decomposing bodies found by Rescue Guard along coast between Estepona and Casares (E) NOB/Sur
02/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Iraq drowned, body found by fishermen pulling in the nets near the shore of Alexandroupolis (GR) NOB/KI
in Oct 08 1 N.N. (40, man) Vietnam suicide, hanged himself in detention centre in Bautzen (D) as he feared deportation IRR/ARI
in Oct 08 2 N.N. (children) unknown drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB
in Oct 08 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, body discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB
in Oct 08 6 N.N. Iraq drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB
in Oct 08 11 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB
27/09/08 4 N.N. (2 men) 2 Georgia, 2 unknown accidentally entered a minefield in Kastanea near Evros (GR), on the way to GR from Turkey NOB/KI
12/09/08 25 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of thirst, found in advanced state of decomposition by Algerian apolice in Sahara (DZ) MNS
11/09/08 13 N.N. Africa bodies thrown overboard during the travel from Libya’s coast to Portopalo, Sicily (I) RAI/FE/NOB
08/09/08 33 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died on the way to Canary Isl. (E), survivors were found by Moroccan sea patrol PICUM/EP/NOB
08/09/08 21 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa missing in the mined Sahara-Mauritanian border after been abandoned by Moroccan authority PICUM/EP
07/09/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown heart attack in hospital, he arrived by boat in La Gomera (E) with other 117 migrants NOB/EP
06/09/08 1 Solyman Rashed (man) Iraq killed by car bomb in Kirkuk (Iraq) 2 weeks after voluntary repatriation from GB IRR
05/09/08 1 N.N. (26, man) Algeria reportedly drowned on way to I, body found at Oued Saboun beach near Skikda (DZ) NOB/FE
in Sep 08 12 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck due to stormy waters , bodies found in Valletta (Malta) ANSA, Jw/NOB
in Sep 08 1 Baj Singh (man, 33) India crashed by truck in Trent Vale (GB) hiding under truck’s wheel Ndtv/IRR
in Sep 08 4 N.N. (± 27, men) unknown bodies found in state of decomposition near the coast of Vega Baja de Alicante (E) MNS/Picum
in Sep 08 13 N.N. Ghana, Niger, Nigeria drowned, thrown still alive into sea near Sicilian coasts (I) AFP/Picum/jW
in Sep 08 14 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa 13 bodies found in the boat, 1 later in Arguineguin (E) after 12 days of trip from Mauritania ABC/MUGAK/PrensaLibre/ElDia/NOB/jW/VK
30/08/08 14 N.N. Algeria reportedly drowned, boat capsized in stormy waters between Algeria and Sardinia (I) NOB/FE
28/08/08 5 N.N. Tunisia reportedly drowned, boat sank near Zembra off Sidi Daud (TN), on way to Italy NOB
26/08/08 20 N.N. Africa at least 20 bodies thrown overboard to prevent boar from sinking on the way from MA to E SP/JW
25/08/08 61 N.N. (men) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Suddarnowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/25/08/08 4 N.N. (foetus) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Suddarnowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/25/08/08 4 N.N. (women) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Suddarnowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/25/08/08 4 N.N. (pregnant women) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Suddarnowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/25/08/08 1 N.N. (child) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Suddarnowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/24/08/08 1 Kalkouli Amin Algeria caught on boat in Algiers (DZ), was pushed and fell 15m onto bunker, died from injuries FE/SoirInfo
23/08/08 56 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration in the Sahara Desert after 10 days of journey ran out of water and fuel CMG
21/08/08 35 N.N. (men; women; children) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, 25 survivors, boat found after living from Moroccan Coast to Almeria (E) BBC/NYtimes/GuardianUn/PICUM/MSN/NOB
18/08/08 1 N.N. Somalia drowned, boat capsized off Didim town (TR), 31 other Somalian rescued by TR guardcoast HURRIYET/NOB
05/08/08 1 N.N. (man) unknown manner of death unknown, body found on the coast of Aguadu of Melilla (E) in North Africa NOB/DiarioSur
02/08/08 1 N.N. (5, boy) Africa drowned, part of his body found in sea near Motril (E), likely to be travelling from Maghreb NOB/Ideal
in Aug 08 75 N.N. Somalia missing, reportedly drowned on the way from Libya to Italy on two boats had faulty engines Mareeg
in Aug 08 2 N.N. (children) Nigeria died of starvation, they were thrown overboard by their father in the Mediterranean sea (I) Ua
in Aug 08 1 Adam Osman Mohammed (32,m) Sudan shot by militia in Calgoo, Sudan, where he returned when asylum claim was refused in GB MNS/Independent/WP/Spits/Telegraph
31/07/08 14 N.N. (2 pregnant women) Nigeria drowned, shipwreck on way to Spanish coasts due to stormy waters Ua/Raz/Mugak
31/07/08 3 N.N. (2 women; 1 man) Africa/Iraq drowned, bodies washed ashore during Armed Forces rescue in seas between M and LY NOB/TimesM
31/07/08 1 N.N. (fetus) unknown drowned, mother brought ashore dead during rescue operation in waters between M and LY NOB/TimesM
30/07/08 13 N.N. Pakistan stowaways, suffocated in overcrowded truck, bodies dumped in Istanbul field (TR) HURRIYET/NOB
29/07/08 7 N.N. unknown drowned, after shipwreck near Lampedusa (I) Picum/LR/NOB
25/07/08 1 N.N. Africa manner of death unknown, body found in boat carrying 79 migrants in La Gomera Island (E) NOB/MAC
23/07/08 24 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, 6 dead, 18 missing, boat sank between Mayotte (F) and Comoros Isl. NOB/France24
22/07/08 1 N.N. (±4, child) unknown found in an advanced state of decomposition on the river Algarrobo, Malaga (E) EP/NOB
20/07/08 1 N.N. (3, girl) Nigeria died of starvation, body thrown overboard during the way to Italy Reu
19/07/08 1 N.N. (boy) Nigeria died of starvation, body thrown overboard during the way to Italy Reu/Picum
18/07/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa manner of death unknown, decomposed body recovered from the sea off Malta TimesM/NOB
16/07/08 1 David S. (23, man) Armenia suicide, cut wrists in Nuremburg(D) prison cell, was to be deported/separated from parents ARI
14/07/08 28 N.N. Africa drowned, 3 died, 25 missing, as boat capsized in stormy seas near Lampedusa (I) NOB/ItalyMAG
11/07/08 6 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa manner of death unknown, bodies found on board a boat that landed in La Gomera (E) IntHeraldTribune/NOB/VK
11/07/08 11 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overboard on the way to La Gomera (E) GARA/FE
10/07/08 15 N.N. (9 children) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly died of starvation, bodies found in Almeria (E) Nation/IntHeraldTribune/Ia/Picum/MSN/NOB
10/07/08 3 N.N. (women) Africa drowned, after their boat capsized off coast of Malta Picum/FE/TOM/NOB
10/07/08 1 N.N. (fetus) Africa drowned, after the boat capsized off coast of Malta Picum/FE/TOM/NOB
07/07/08 14 N.N. (9 men; 4 women; 1 baby) Africa drowned after their vessel turned over off the coast of Motril, Granada (E) MNS/EP/PICUM/NOB
04/07/08 1 N.N. (man) Iraq stowaway, found on a Greek ferry in the port of Venice (I) under truck where he was hidden Reu./Picum/NOB
in Jul 08 13 N.N. Myanmar, Pakistan stowaways, died from asphyxiation in a track from Istanbul (TR) to GR after traffic accident TodZam
01/07/08 37 N.N. West Africa drowned, wrecked boat and bodies found on seafront off Libreville, Gabon on way to Europe NOB/REU
29/06/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa no medical care despite his friends called guards for help, died in det. cr. of Caltanisetta (I) PICUM/TL
27/06/08 1 N.N. (±40, man) Iraq stowaway, suffocated in a cucumber truck, found on ferry in Venice (I) coming from Greece NOB/UNSarda
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 6
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
26/06/08 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat shipwrecked 32 miles south off Malta NOB/FE
22/06/08 1 N.N. (±30, man) Iraq stowaway, died of starvation in a lorry sailing on a ferry from Patrasso (GR) to Venice (I) CDS/LR/NOB
21/06/08 1 Abdel Karem Souli (41, man) Tunesia died of heart attack in Det. Cr. Vincennes (F) after calls for assistance were ignored for 2 h. Mrap/IRR/BTB/Libération
18/06/08 4 N.N. unknown died in hospital in Tenerife Island (E) the day after their boat arrived, 78 survivors NOB/Diario de Navarra
15/06/08 6 N.N. (adults, children) Somalia drowned, boat sank 50 km south of Malta, 28 survivors rescued by Italian fishing boat NOB/LR
15/06/08 1 N.N. (baby) Somalia dead at birth due to travel hardships, mother was rescued from shipwreck 50 km from Malta NOB/TEMPO
12/06/08 1 N.N. (man) Somalia shot dead in detention centre in Kirklareli (TR) during a riot against detention conditions NOB/HURRIYET
12/06/08 1 Alex Darkwah Oppong (41, man) unknown jumped out of window when asylum-seeker centre set on fire in Klangenfurt, Carinthia (A) Falter
10/06/08 2 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan died in accident, when bus carrying stowaways overturned in Dogubayazit (TR), 18 survivors NOB/HaberT
10/06/08 15 N.N. Somalia/Eritrea drowned, boat capsized due to bad rescue operation by Italian Coastguard 56 miles off Malta NOB/LR/EB/GuidaS/ANSA
07/06/08 149 N.N. Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt,d Mroowrnoecdco after boat sunk in the Mediterranean Sea near Tunisia CDS/Giornale/Stampa/LR/SD/PICUM/NOB/NOB
05/06/08 13 N.N. Africa drowned after boat sank at 50 km off Libyan coasts, due to stormy waters CDS/SP/NOB
05/06/08 1 Andy Bestman (24, man) Nigeria drowned, jumped into the Rhine while fleeing police close to Basel (CH) SSF
in Jun 08 6 N.N. Somalia drowned after boat sunk due to stormy waters near Malta LR/SD
in Jun 08 3 N.N. (2 men; 1 woman) unknown drowned after their boat sank when Italian fishing ship tried to rescue them off Italian coasts HNS
26/05/08 2 N.N. (men) Tunesia stowaways, died of suffocation while traveling by boat from the port of Sfax (TN) Sh/NOB/IRR
26/05/08 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized in rough seas 85 miles south east of Malta, 13 survivors NOB/TimesM
25/05/08 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration 1mile off Grand Canaria (E), 2 died in boat, 1 in hospital (E), 65 survived NOB/FE/ABC
24/05/08 1 Hassan Nejl (38, man) Morocco no medical care, died of pneumonia not cured by doctors of detention centre Brunelleschi (I) LR/MP
23/05/08 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found by Italian Coast Guard off Pozzalo near Ragusa, Sicily (I) NOB/AdnK
22/05/08 1 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, body found in the sea 50 miles from Malta TimesM/NOB
22/05/08 2 N.N. Algeria drowned whilst attempting to reach Spain, bodies found in sea close to Cherchell (DZ) NOB/FE
20/05/08 12 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, 2 found, 10 missing off Malta’s sea NOB/TimesM
10/05/08 47 N.N. Africa died of starvation and cold after the engine of their boat broke down (TN) Reu/Ftcr/EP/NOB
09/05/08 1 Abdelhakim Ajimi (22, man) Africa died in police custody under unclear circumstances after being arrested in Grasse (F) IRR
05/05/08 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, car he was transported in crashed after being chased by police in Xanthi (GR) NOB/KI
04/05/08 1 Hamidur Rahman (31, man) Bangladesh suicide, took 40 antidepressant pills in Birkenfeld (D) as latest asylum claim was rejected ARI
01/05/08 1 Ebenizer Folefack Sontsa (32,m) Cameroon suicide, hanged himself in sanitary room of det. cr. Merksplas (B) in fear of deportation Hln/IRR/Afrik/MNS/Indymedia/NOB
in May 08 1 N.N. (man) Syria hit by a car in Nicosia’s motorway (CY) when he was running to escape an inmigration swoop IRR/AFP/NOB
in May 08 1 Lucy Kirma (woman) unknown suicide, starved herself to death in asylum seekers’ house (GB) after being denied asylum IRR
28/04/08 36 N.N. (2 women, 4 babies) Nigeria (24), Cameroon (9) drowned, Morocco’s border guards broke with a knife the rubber dinghy (MA) FE/Welt/ST/MNS/Picum/Reu/APDHA/MB/BBC/NOB
23/04/08 4 N.N. (men) Iran, Syria drowned, forced by Turkish police to swim across the river that separates TR and Iraq Unhcr
22/04/08 17 N.N. (men) Tunesia 14 missing, 3 bodies found on board a boat from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS/NOB
22/04/08 1 Hamza Ben Hammadi (21, man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore, found in Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS
22/04/08 1 Mohamed Dalhoum (24, man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore, found in Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS
22/04/08 1 Rachid Jebeniani (22, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS
22/04/08 1 Abdelmounim Douiri (27, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD
22/04/08 1 Maalek Zarga (21, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD
22/04/08 1 Mourad Jlassi (man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD
22/04/08 1 Mohamed Jebeniani (22, man) Tunesia missing, unknown reason of death while trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD
22/04/08 1 Ayman Ben Taieb Hassine(17,m) Tunesia missing, unknown reason of death while trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS
22/04/08 1 N.N. (man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore; trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS
22/04/08 1 Ruslan Yatskevich (32, man) Belarus found in wood near Zella-Mehlis det. centre (D) after staff gave him false deportation threat jW/Karawane
21/04/08 2 N.N. Ivory Coast stowaways, found on British container ship from Ivory Coast to Vigo port (E), 11 survivors NOB/EarthT
15/04/08 1 Robert Weniaminov (43, man) Armenia depression, not given work permit, developed alcoholism whilst waiting for asylum decision ARI
07/04/08 16 N.N. (±23) Algeria drowned, coast guard found 11, 5 still missing in Arzew’s coast (DZ) KH/FE/NOB
06/04/08 16 N.N. (17-25; 21, men) Algeria drowned, 13 found, 3 missing, vessel sunk after leaving from Mers el Hedjadj beach (DZ) MNS/Picum/FE
04/04/08 1 N.N. (29, man) Mali died of heart attack after jumping into river Marne in Paris (F) to avoid a police identy check IRR
in Apr 08 7 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died after deportation in Oujda’s (MA) camp due to inhuman conditions FE
in Apr 08 1 Shirazi Abdullah Juma (man) Tanzania suicide, set himself on fire in detention center of Luxembourg ASTI
30/03/08 1 Alfredo Castano-Fuentes (24,m) Ghana suicide, found hanged at Pentonville prison (GB), sentenced for having a fake passport IRR/BBC/OBS
29/03/08 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb body found in a fishing platform in Melilla (E) reportedly after swiming from Beni Enzar (MA) MUGAK/Sur/EFE
29/03/08 1 N.N. (30, man) Vietnam suicide, jumped from 19th floor of building in Berlin (D) after asylum claim rejected ARI
23/03/08 1 Abdi Daud (40, man) Somalia no medical care, he got high dosages of cortisone in detention centre FG II in Zurich (CH) NR/AugenAufCH
19/03/08 1 Ama Sumani (39, woman) Ghana died in Ghana of cancer after being removed from hospital (GB) because visa expired BBC/WIK/Independent/Times/IRR
19/03/08 40 N.N. Egypt/Senegal/Nigeria/Somaatl ilae/aTsutn 4is0i adrowned, overloaded boat sank near Zawia’s coast (LY) on way to Lampedusa (I) FE/CDS
14/03/08 4 N.N. Palestine drowned, shipwreck near Iskenderun’s Kale village (TR) due to strong wind, 3 survivors TP/NOB
05/03/08 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa unknown death’s reasons, found 2 bodies on boat carrying 59 travellers in Canary Isl. (E) TySp/NOB/MPG/JA/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Ahmad Mahmud El Sabah (man) Egypt no medical care, died lacking adequate health treatment in det. boat Rotterdam (NL) Statewatch/IN/IKN
in Mar 08 1 Ayse Abdurrahman (woman) Somalia drowned, after boat capsized off Turkish coast near Didim town trying to reach Europe Xi/NOB
in Mar 08 5 N.N. Somalia drowned, after boat capsized off Turkish coast near Didim town trying to reach Europe Xi/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Youcef (25, man) Algeria drowned, found in harbor of Bethioua (DZ), trying to reach Europe by boat QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Bilal (22, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Nabil (25, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Omar (24, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 1 Boubekeur (24, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 3 N.N. (±25) Algeria missing, disappeared trying to reach Europe crossing Mediterranean sea QUOTI/NOB
in Mar 08 3 N.N. (±30, men) Algeria missing, left from Mostaganem (DZ) to reach Spain, all from Tiaret city (DZ) FE/QUOTI
in Mar 08 1 N.N. (±25, man) Algeria drowned, his body found and repatriated from Spain, he was from Rahouia city (DZ) FE/QUOTI
in Mar 08 1 N.N. (23, man) Algeria drowned, left from Algeria to reach Spain, he was from Tiaret city (DZ) FE/QUOTI
18/02/08 1 Barhan Ahmed (28, man) Iraq suicide, set himself on fire in Nelson (GB), depression after his asylum claim was refused IRR
15/02/08 1 John Maina (20, man) Kenya suicide, after failed asylum claim in Meudon, a western suburb of Paris (F) MNS/IRR
06/02/08 1 N.N. (28, man) India stowaway, hanging on underside of touristic bus was crushed from bus’ weels in Spain AP/MUGAK/SUR
06/02/08 1 Mohammed Ahmedi (18, man) Iraq died in hospital of heart condition as social workers attempted to clarify immigration status IRR
05/02/08 1 N.N. (man, 28) India crushed in Ceuta (E) by the wheels of a tour bus under he was hiding to cross Gibraltar MNS/NOB
03/02/08 1 Rachid Abdelsalam (man) Algeria no medical care, died in detention of heart failure, treated with wrong medicine (NL) Statewatch/VG/SCH/Dag
02/02/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, body found on the coast of Barranco Hondo in Tarifa (E) TySp/NOB
29/01/08 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, decomposing body found in ship served Patras-Igoumenitsa-Venice route KI/NOB
29/01/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, body found in la Luz Coast (E) after shipwreck off Conil de la Frontera (E) TySp/NOB
23/01/08 1 N.N. (30, man) Algeria manner of death unknown, body found on the beach of La Marsa (TR) QUOTI/NOB
23/01/08 17 N.N. Maghreb drowned, 2 found, 15 missing, after boat sank one meter off the shore of Conil (E) EP/MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/ELM/APDHA/Sur/EFE
22/01/08 1 N.N. (14, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, crushed to death in Panighina (I), hanging on underside of lorry from Greece romagnaoggi/NOB/FE
22/01/08 8 N.N. unknown drowned, 2 found, 6 missing, vessel carrying 32 migrants capsized off Luz’s coast (E) Picum/NOB
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 7
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
15/01/08 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, fell into the frozen waters of Evros River (GR) after small boat sank KI/ANA/PICUM/HR
12/01/08 3 N.N. Africa starvation, boat with 3 dead bodies arrived in Canary Island (E), carrying 88 migrants EP/MFS/PICUM/NOB
10/01/08 1 N.N. (man) Somalia murdered, swam in search of help but captain of the boat threw him overboard (I) LR/NOB
04/01/08 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Maghreb drowned, bodies found floating near the coasts of Barbate (E) Verdad/MUGAK/EP
01/01/08 9 N.N. (±23, 8 men; 1 woman) Maghreb drowned, after boat capsized near the beach of Cadiz (E) EP/MUGAK/APDHA/PICUM/NOB
01/01/08 1 N.N. (28, man) Tunisia suicide on detention centre Berlin Grunau (D) after asylum claim was rejected MNS/IN/jW/IRR
in Jan 08 8 N.N. (±20, men) Morocco drowned, bodies found near Los Barrios (E), relatives identified 3 bodies EP
30/12/07 1 Mohamed Mechergui (28, man) Tunisia rejected asylum seeker hanged himself with his shoes laces in Berlin Köpenick (D) det. cr. IRR/ARI
28/12/07 1 N.N. (man) Georgia drowned, after ship capsized near Evros (GR), 20 survivors, 7 swam to the TR side IntHeraldTribune/NOB
26/12/07 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on board a boat intercepted near E from yachts participating to regatta EP
25/12/07 1 Abdullah ‘Joker’ Idris (18, man) Sudan suicide, asylum seeker facing deportation, hanged himself in prison cell in Chelmsford (GB) Inquest/IRR
23/12/07 1 N.N. unknown reason of death unknown, a fisherman found a body near Lesvos (GR) TDN/NOB
17/12/07 8 N.N. Afghanistan/Iran/Mauritaniadrowned, overloaded boat sank in the Aegean Sea off Bodrum (TR) on way to Kos (GR) TDN/KI/Ya.D/NOB
13/12/07 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, reportedly fell from wheel bay of plane found in garden in Val d’Oise (F) MNS
12/12/07 7 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 found, 4 missing, 19 rescued by a gas carrier 30 ml off Cap Falcon (DZ) NOB/FE/QUOTI
11/12/07 1 Kamal X (28, man) Iran died after setting himself on fire in Amberg (D) IRR/ARI
09/12/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on board a boat that arrived in EL Hierro (E) EP/NOB
09/12/07 50 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa 6 found, 44 missing, shipwreck off Dakhla (MA), on way from Mauritania to Canary Isl. (E) EP/FE/NOB
08/12/07 86 N.N. Iraq/Palestine/Somalia 51 found, 35 missing, drowned off Seferihisar (TR) after their overloaded boat sank ICARE/BBC/GuardianUN/SP/TheGlobe/DPS/IntHeraldTribune/08/12/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition, wearing life jacket QUOTI
08/12/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown found in advanced state of decomposition on board of boat in Dakar on way to E SudQ
07/12/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on boat that landed on Crete (GR), the vessel disembarked from Egypt AthensNewsAgency/NOB
07/12/07 1 N.N. (24, man) unknown suicide, asylum seeker set himself on fire in the Town Hall of Haren (NL) NRC/Nopoliceraid/AD
04/12/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on board of vessel that landed on Los Cristianos de Tenerife (E) with 51 survivors MUGAK/EP/NOB
04/12/07 2 N.N. unknown body found on vessel that landed on Los Cristianos de Tenerife (E) with 37 survivors MUGAK/EP/ABC/Diario de Noticias/NOB
04/12/07 10 N.N. Comoros Islands drowned, 2 found, 8 missing, boat collided with French police ship near Mayotte Isl. (F) Le Monde/NOB
03/12/07 10 N.N. Algeria drowned, 9 found, 1missing, boat collided with Dutch cargoship during rescue operation (I) MNS/VK/NOB
02/12/07 40 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of hunger and thirst, bodies thrown overboard on way from Senegal to Europe MNS/VK/NOB
in Dec 07 50 N.N. Africa drowned, 6 found, 44 missing, boat capsized on way from Mauritania to Canary Isl. (E) DPA/MNS/EP
29/11/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition near Marsa sea (M) QUOTI/NOB
29/11/07 2 N.N. unknown bodies found by Galican fishing boat which rescued 48 people from a boat near El Hierro (E) NOB/TySp
17/11/07 1 Avtar Singh (37, man) India suicide, found dead in prison, 7 months sentence for false passport, was due to be deported IRR
16/11/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot to death in the stomach during a police check for illegal migrants in Pyla, Cyprus (CY) TDN/IRR/MNS/NOB
14/11/07 36 N.N. unknown drowned, 30 missing, 6 found in shore of Sidi Ifni (MA), ship sank on way from MA to E Can7/NOB
10/11/07 3 N.N. (2 men, 1 woman) unknown bodies found at Alboran on Andalusian coast (E) ABC/MUGAK/NOB
09/11/07 58 N.N. (youths) Gambia drowned, after boat was engulfed with fire on way from Banjul (Gambia) to Spain Afrol/APDA/MUGAK/ELM/Diario de Noticias/LV/Canarias7
09/11/07 5 N.N. unknown died in the hospital of Nuadibu (Mauritania), part of group with 49 thrown overboard ABC
08/11/07 1 N.N. unknown shot and killed by border guard trying to cross into northwestern Greece Reu./PICUM
07/11/07 52 N.N. Gambia/Mali/Senegal/Guinedaied of starvation and dehydration, boat motor broke down on way from Senegal to E ELM/DiarioVasco/Diario de Navarra/MNS/Diario de Noticias/in Nov 07 1 N.N. (man) Ivory Coast inanimate body washed ashore near Ghazaouet (DZ) QUOTI
in Nov 07 1 Eid Shaaban (37, man) Egypt drowned after shipwreck on way from Egypt to Italy, familiars identified the body LAT
in Nov 07 57 N.N. (men) Egypt drowned after shipwreck on way from Alexandria (Egypt) to Italy LAT
29/10/07 17 N.N. unknown drowned, 9 found, 8 missing after shipwreck near Catania (I) MUGAK/AFVIC
28/10/07 7 N.N. (men) Palestine drowned, found off Roccella Jonica coast, Calabria (I) when boat capsized on way from Egypt MNS/PICUM/LESP/jW/LR/MUGAK/AVUI
28/10/07 9 N.N. (1 child) unknown drowned, bodies found off Vendicari, Sicily (I) by coastguards after their boat sank LR/MNS/PICUM/MUGAK/AVUI
24/10/07 57 N.N. Mali/Giunea/Africa discovered boat with 7 bodies, 50 still missing, tried to reach Spain from Cape Verde Icare/EFE/EP/EPress/Le Soleil/AFVIC/MUGAK/Taz
18/10/07 10 N.N. Mali suicide, jumped into sea in desperation after vessel drifting, way from Mauritania to E MNS/PICUM/Le Courrier
17/10/07 1 N.N. (25, man) Maghreb suicide, hanged himself in the garden of detention centre for migrants in Modena (I) INDi/ASGI/GLOPRO
16/10/07 49 N.N. unknown manner of death unknown, bodies thrown overboard on the way from Mauritania to Spain ABC
15/10/07 1 N.N. (young) Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration in hospital in Tenerife (E) after 12 days sailing from Gambia MNS/PICUM/Can7/EFE/MUGAK
15/10/07 1 N.N. (23, man) Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in his cell in Modena (I) detention centre MP/INDi/ASGI/GLOPRO
10/10/07 1 Shaukat Ali (61, man) Pakistan suicide, after asylum claim rejected, he hanged himself at his flat in Birkby (GB) HEXAM/IRR
08/10/07 3 N.N (man) unknown drowned,3 missing, coast guard found boat with 117 illegal migrants near Zakynthos Isl. (GR) VK
04/10/07 1 Mike Osei (34, man) Ghana fell from the 7th floor running away from Police check in Amsterdam (NL) Karawane
in Oct 07 15 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck near Balikesir (TR) crossing the border from TR to GR, 11 survivors Kuna
in Oct 07 3 N.N. Algeria drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near the Sejname coast (TN) QUOTI
in Oct 07 1 N.N. Shri Lanka suicide under a train after asylum claim refused (GB), he lost his job, had a lot of debt TheNews
26/09/07 1 Laucling Sonko (29, man) Senegal manslaughter, Spanish Guard brought him back to MA cutting his inflatable mattress Guardian Un./ST/Telegraph/Picum/ELM/MUGAK
26/09/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of exhaustion, after being rescued trying to swim from Morocco to Ceuta (E) EPress
25/09/07 3 N.N. (20-32) Algeria reportedly drowned, decomposing bodies found by Ghazaouet coast (DZ), likely on way to E NOB/FE
24/09/07 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 child) unknown drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near Samos (GR) after wooden boat capsized KI/NOB
24/09/07 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near Chios (GR) after boat capsized KI/NOB
23/09/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on board a boat that reached Los Cristianos’ harbour, Canary Islands (E) ElDia/EFE/EP/Can7/ELM
20/09/07 1 Chulun Liua (51, woman) China left in a coma after throwing herself out of a window to avoid a police raid in Paris (F) MNS/PICUM/IRR
19/09/07 1 N.N. (man) Romania suicide, put on fire on Castellon (E) after denial of help for voluntary repatriatiation MNS
16/09/07 6 N.N. (men) Algeria missing after boat sank near Cabo de Gata, Almeria (E) EP/ELM/EFE
16/09/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found by Civil Guard off Nijar beach (E), likely from Cabo de Gata shipwreck NOB/TySp
14/09/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, thrown overboard by traffickers near the Pantelleria Isl. (I), sailing from LY LR
13/09/07 3 N.N. (6, 10, 13, girls) Chechnia died of exhaustion and exposure at Polish border fleeing from Chechnia conflict MNS/VK
13/09/07 8 N.N. Egypt drowned, after ship capsized off the coast of Edko (Egypt), trying to reach Italy IntHeraldTribune
09/09/07 1 Amru Aljiti (63, man) Bosnia died due to lack insuline 4 weeks after deportation to Mostar (BH) being ill during trip IRR/ARI
08/09/07 1 N.N. (25-30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in the coast of Motril (E), reportedly came from a boat intercepted days before ABC
07/09/07 10 N.N. West Africa at least 10 people drowned after their boat capsized off the island of Gran Canaria (E) MNS/BBC
06/09/07 1 Solyman Rashed (28, man) Iraq killed by a roadside bomb in Kirkuk (Iraq), rejected asylum seeker, was deported from GB IRR
04/09/07 19 N.N. Comoros Islands 4 drowned, 15 missing, shipwreck near l’Ile d’Anjouan, trying to reach Mayotte Isl. (F) JA
01/09/07 4 N.N. unknown 1 drowned, 3missing after boat from Libya sank next to Portopalo (I) LR/CDS/Unita/RAI/ANSA/IlMess
in Sep 07 30 N.N. unknown drowned after their boat sank in the Mediterranean Sea on their way to Europe HNS
30/08/07 25 N.N. (21 men; 4 women) unknown drowned, boat capsized while approaching by a Greek tug boat in Malta waters MP/Reu/Gara.net/LV
29/08/07 1 Soran Ali Korshid (35, man) Iraq suicide, overdose of pills, suffered of depression in asylum seekers’ hostel in Rostock (D) IRR
28/08/07 2 N.N. (women) Eritrea/Ethiopia pregnant women died of starvation during the journey from Libya to Italy FE/ilMess/KI
25/08/07 1 N.N. (25, woman) Guinea fell passing one balcony to an other attempting to avoid police control Geneva (CH) MNS/Vivre/TribuneGeneve/LeCourrier
25/08/07 45 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat disappear after motor broke down on way to Sicily (I) GARA/VK
24/08/07 3 N.N. Gambia/Mauritania/Rwandareportedly drowned, vessel capsized near the town of Cesme (TR) on way to GR MNS
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 8
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
23/08/07 14 N.N. unknown drowned, disappeared after their boat from Turkey sank off the coast of Chios (GR) MNS
21/08/07 13 N.N. (11 adults; 2 minors) Nigeria/Mali died of dehydration and hypothermia during trip from Sahara Occ to Canary Isl (E) EP/ELM/Deia
21/08/07 6 N.N. (2 woman; 4 man) unknown starvation, bodies thrown overboard found by military pilots 60 miles to Lampedusa (I) ANSA/FE/LR/INF/MAG/CDS
21/08/07 11 N.N. (9 adults; 2 children) Sub-Saharan Africa starvation and hypothermia, thrown overboard, boat went adrift for 7 days on the way to E MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provincias/21/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa hypothermia, died in the hospital in Gran Canaria (E) after boat went adrift for 7 days MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provincias/21/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa starvation and hypothermia, body found on boat that went adrift for 7 days on the way to E MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provincias/20/08/07 1 N.N. (25, man) Nigeria illegal worker jumped from building trying to avoid police arrest, Thessaloniki (GR) MNS/EarthT
19/08/07 13 N.N. (2 minors) unknown died of starvation, dehydratation and hypotermia on a boat going to Fuerteventura (E) EP/MNS
19/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia and dehydration, found on boat that landed in Gran Canaria (E) ELM/Verdad/EP/LV/ElDia
17/08/07 11 N.N. mostly Afghanistan 6 drowned, 5 missing, boat capsized near Izmir (TR) trying to reach Greece MNS
14/08/07 15 N.N. unknown at least 15 people died, recovered from the sea near the island of Lampedusa (I) MNS
14/08/07 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, died after truck carrying 34 migrants capsized near Yukari Bakracli (TR) Anatolian
14/08/07 14 N.N. unknown bodies found by military pilots floating in sea near Lampedusa (I), wearing life jackets MAG/CDS
09/08/07 2 N.N. (men) Iraq/unknown 1 drowned, 1 missing, boat heading to Lesvos (GR) sank off Ayvalik (TR) MNS/KI
07/08/07 1 N.N. Maghreb stowaway, crushed to death under the weels of a lorry leaving the port of Algeciras (E) EP
04/08/07 1 N.N. (woman) Shri Lanka drowned, boat carrying other 12 immigrants capsized near Samos Island (GR) NOB/PressTv
01/08/07 45 N.N. (4 women, 4 child, 33 men) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya, 1 survivor ANSA/GazzettaSud/AdnK/FE/HNS/Migreurop
01/08/07 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa shot by Moroccan police while trying to reach Canary Isl. (E), other 37 were detained Afrik
30/07/07 20 N.N. Comoros Islands reportedly drowned, boat sank between island Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands NOB
30/07/07 4 N.N. Comoros Islands died in Mayotte hospital (F) after boat sank between Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands NOB
28/07/07 8 N.N. (1 woman) unknown 1 found, at least 7 missing; 21 migrants found on tuna pen near Libya MNS
25/07/07 9 N.N. unknown drowned, at least 9 died after two vessels from Libya sank off the coast of Sicily (I) MNS
25/07/07 3 N.N. unknown unknown death’s reason, 3 among 46 persons on board died on the way from LY to I MNS
23/07/07 3 N.N. unknown drowned, 2 found, 1 missing near the coasts of Malta DPA
23/07/07 29 N.N. Comoros Islands 2 died, 27 missing, boat sank off Mayotte Island (F) in Indian Ocean from Comoros Islands NOB
22/07/07 2 N.N. unknown drowned, 80 km from Libyan coast after their boat collided with a fisher boat DPA
19/07/07 52 N.N. Ghana/Guinea/Liberia drowned, 150 miles south Tenerife (E) in rough sea while Spanish boat tried to rescue them Guardian Un./BBC/DS/AP/FR/VK/LR/MNS/EP/Raz/Mugak/18/07/07 16 N.N. unknown drowned, 4 died, 12 missing when boat sank 40 miles south of Lampedusa (I) MNS/Reu/LR
17/07/07 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in a boat sailing for 10 days from Mauritania to Tenerife (E) EP/EPress
17/07/07 12 N.N. Africa drowned 1 found, 11 missing trying to embark on Italian fishing boat near Libya HNS/Migreurop/MSN
14/07/07 3 N.N. (±25, men) Iraq stowaways froze to death, found near Mestre (Italy) hidden in truck going to Germany LR/Unita/CDS/Tgcom/AP/MNS
08/07/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found from the Armed Forces of Malta in Maltese waters MNS
07/07/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found in advanced state of decomposition near Marsascala (M) MNS
07/07/07 1 Luwan (19, woman) Eritrea car accident fleeing from the police, trying to cross the border from (F) to (GB) Salam
05/07/07 20 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, motor of the boat broke and sank off Ben Guerdne (LY) on way to Lampedusa (I) NOB/REU
04/07/07 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a boat that reached Cristianos harbour, Canary Islands (E) EP/EFE
02/07/07 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after boat sank near the coast of Azwen (DZ), 5 survived QUOTI
in Jul 07 12 N.N. (11 adults; 1 child) unknown drowned, 1 found 11 missing, dinghy collided with fishing boatway from LY to I LR
in Jul 07 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, dinghy collided with Italian fishing boat 80 miles from LY on way to I LR
30/06/07 11 N.N. Africa drowned in waters between Libya and Malta after the boat sank taz/MNS
29/06/07 1 Vera Filantova (47, woman) Kirgistan suicide, after asylum claim rejected, left alone to face her desperate life without status SVZV
28/06/07 3 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman; 1 child) unknown died of starvation and dehydration, bodies thrown overboard on the way to Italy LR
27/06/07 1 Mustafa Alcali (30, man) Turkey hanged himself in deportation custody in Frankfurt (D) after knowing he should be deported FL/jW/IRR
27/06/07 1 N.N. (man) Africa found death in a boat at 400 m. from Gran Canaria (E) with other 62 survivors ELM/EFE
22/06/07 20 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) LR
20/06/07 22 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, vessel capsized 100 km south the Island of Malta MNS
18/06/07 8 N.N. Africa at least 8 migrants drowned after vessel capsized near the coast of southern Sicily (I) MNS
16/06/07 14 N.N. unknown drowned in Sicily Channel waters (I), 11 bodies found, 3 still missing LR/MNS
16/06/07 1 N.N. unknown died in the course of rescue operation, survivors saved from fishing vessel near Libya MNS
14/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, asphyxiated on board a Formula1 powerboat from GR to Devon (GB) BBC/IRR
13/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, manner of death unclear, found in truck on way from I to F with 3 migrants Nouvel Obs
11/06/07 1 Moulay Mohammed (27, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself in Remand Centre in Bordeaux (F), was under expulsion order MNS/METROF/IRR
09/06/07 1 N.N. (fetus) Africa pregnant woman suffered abortion on a boat traveling to Spain, fetus left in the sea ELM/EP/FE/adn
09/06/07 2 N.N. (± 21, men) Africa drowned trying to reach Greece from Turkey, bodies foud next to Samos (GR) KI/FE/MNS
09/06/07 1 Osamyia Aikpitanhi (23, man) Nigeria suffocated by gag policemen put in his mouth during deportation from Spain to Nigeria EP/ELM/APDHA/ProAsyl/IRR/AN/NBF/SUR/Provincias
07/06/07 1 Sherry Alex (24, woman) Angola died of malaria after being deported from Germany to Luanda (Angola) IRR
05/06/07 2 N.N. (men) Gambia bodies found among passengers on a boat near to Mogan harbour in Canary Island (E) FE/MUGAK/Diario de Noticias/Can7/EP
05/06/07 28 N.N. Algeria drowned, 8 found, 20 missing between Tunisa and Algeria trying to reach Sardinia (I) Reu./FE/Diario de Noticias
01/06/07 21 N.N. Africa drowned between Malta and Libya, bodies picked up by a French ship FE/TI/Malta Independent/MP/LR/CDS/SP/ProAsyl/Reu/01/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown body found from Coast Guard in advanced state of decomposition near Lampedusa (I) LR
29/05/07 1 N.N. Algeria died of hypothermia in hospital (TN), found in a boat drifting 15 miles off Tunisian Coast NOB
22/05/07 1 N.N. unknown reportedly missing after a boat sank next to Malta coast ANSA/LS
22/05/07 3 N.N. Senegal died bodies found aboard a boat adrift off Lompoul (Senegal) in direction to Spain FE/TySp/Aps
21/05/07 57 N.N.(28 men;23 women;6 child.) Eritrea drowned between M and LY, Malta authorities alerted by a plane sent aid too late FE/LR/BBC/EB/Reu./LS/ANSA/MNS/Indipendent/MM/UNHCR
19/05/07 1 Conrad Dixon (40, man) Jamaica suicide, failed asylum seeker set himself on fire in James Brindley Close (GB) Se/IRR
18/05/07 28 N.N. (3 children) unknown 28 people are missing after their boat sank next to Malta coast sailing from LY to I Reu./FE/TimesM/ANSA/MNS
12/05/07 2 N.N. (man) Eritrea bodies thrown at sea, dead during the route from Tripoli (LY) to Lampedusa (I) FE/Tgcom/LS
07/05/07 1 N.N. (man) Algeria died in hospital in E after being rescued in the sea next to Gibraltar by a British ship IRR/TheHerald/SC
07/05/07 1 N.N. (man) Morocco died of starvation, found on a dinghy next to Palermo coast (I) ANSA/LR/Unita/MP/Alicenews
30/04/07 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia and dehydratation after journey from Africa to Gran Canaria (E) ELM/EP
28/04/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on board a boat that sailed from Mauritania to Gran Canaria (E) EP/FE/CadSER
27/04/07 3 N.N. (15, girl; 1, child; man) Kurdistan 1 drowned, 2 missing after smugglers throw them in sea next to Leros (GR) KI/FE
25/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on a boat that reached Tenerife ELM/EP/EXP
25/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died in Archile’s beach in Tenerife (E) after the travel from sub-saharan Africa ELM/EP/EXP
23/04/07 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly 11 bodies thrown at sea, 1 found on boat rescued next to Mauritanian coast EXP/EP/jW
23/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died after rescue operations in Mauritanian sea on board a boat from Africa to Spain EP/EXP/jW/ELM
23/04/07 132 N.N. (men) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, they were all from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Abdoulaye Ba (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Ibrahima Mballo (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts,he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Ousmane Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Oumarou Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Hamidou Diallo (35, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Hamady Sow (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 9
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
23/04/07 1 Aliou Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Bouba Kande (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Oumar Diabouyel Balde (17,man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Saliou Seydi (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Amadou Kande (19, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Moustapha Diallo (24, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Ibrahima Diallo (22, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Mokhtar Diallo (25, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Alassane Diallo (20, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Moustapha Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Djembarou Mane’ (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Arfang Balde (26, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Mamadou Balde (29, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Nourou Balde (20, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Ousmane Balde (24, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Issaga Dieng (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Mahamadou Konte (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Sekou Omar Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Tidiane Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Yussuf Diao (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Lamine Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
23/04/07 1 Saliou Mballo (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE
22/04/07 3 N.N. unknown 2 found, 1 missing; boat capsized during rescue operation of Armed Forces of Malta MNS
21/04/07 2 N.N. Algeria drowned before their boat was rescued off Annaba (Algeria) on the way to Sardinia (I) FE/LaN/ElW
16/04/07 1 N.N. (2 months, baby girl) China died of sudden infant death syndrome during an inmigration swoop in Aubervilliers, Paris (F) IRR/REF/Libération
11/04/07 1 N.N. (34, man) unknown killed himself in a refugee camp in Lotte, North Rhine-Westphalia (D) IRR
03/04/07 2 N.N. (men) Liberia one missing, one death by hypothermia in hospital after found in boat near to Malaga (E) EP
in Apr 07 13 N.N. (±22, men) Morocco drowned after their dinghy sank off Nador (MA), sailing towards Spain FE/Bladi
in Apr 07 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died on board of a small vessel during the crossing to Canary Islands (E) Bladi
27/03/07 7 N.N. (men) unknown frozen to death after sneaking across Turkish-Iranian border trying to reach Europe TDN/FE/TodZam
18/03/07 1 Uddhav Bhandari (40, man) Nepal suicide, put himself alight in fear of deportation from Glasgow (GB) BBC/icS/EveningTimes/INDgb/Independent/TheHerald/17/03/07 11 N.N. unknown 7 people washed ashore, 4 missing, bodies found in Samos (GR) they left from Turkey FE/KI/DPA
17/03/07 1 Marin Mogos (57, man) Romania (Stateless) suicide, hanged in Bucarest airport (RO) after his deportation from Germany WSWS/DPA/IRR
08/03/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on boat near Tenerife (E) on way from Mauritania EP/FE/Reu/EITB24
in Mar 07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died on a boat trying to reach Tenerife (E) from Mauritania, body thrown overboard FE/EP
21/02/07 19 N.N. unknown reportedly missing, thrown over dinghy from LY to Sicily (I), death cause unclear NYtimes/QNE/deleteTB/PICUM
16/02/07 24 N.N. (1 woman) Somalia drowned, 4 found, 20 missing, boat sank near Samos Islands (GR), way from TR to GR Khaleej/PR/IntHeraldTribune/MNS/PR/IntHeraldTribune/02/02/07 17 N.N. unknown drowned, 7 found, 10 missing after boat from Turkey sank off the island Samos (GR) KI/AthensNewsAgency/Khaleej/NOB/MNS/PICUM
in Feb 07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found aboard a vessel drifting off the coast of Western Sahara on way to Canay Isl. (E) News24/NOB
30/01/07 1 N.N. (31, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell in Berne prison of Witzwil (CH) in fear of deportation Vivre/Polbe
29/01/07 1 Abass Usman (26, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell at Preston prison (GB), accused of using false documents IRR
22/01/07 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, found hidden under a coffin been trasported from in Kypoi (GR) MNS/TP
22/01/07 1 Samuel Peter Benjamin (17, man) South Africa stowaway, body found in plane’s wheel bay in Los Angeles (US), trying to reach London (UK) NOB/IRR
17/01/07 7 N.N. (6 men, 1 woman) unknown drowned, 2 found, 5 missing boat from Turkey sank off the Samos island (GR) KI/NOB
15/01/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) Gambia/Senegal stowaway, frozen in undercarriage of airplane from Gambia to Bruxelles (B) AngolaPress/MNS/PICUM/Vivre
14/01/07 1 Mohammad Sillah (23, man) Guinea denied medical treatment, Remscheider refugee centre (D) refused to call ambulance Karawane
07/01/07 1 fetus (5 months) Congo mother physically weakened, arrested to prevent migration, abandoned on MA border Statewatch/FE
01/01/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa starvation, 2 thrown overboard, 1 body found on a boat docked on Canary Isl. (E) FE/ELM/MNS
in 2007 50 N.N. (men, women, children) unknown died, smugglers forced them overboard to easily escape from Samos Coast Guard (GR) GHM
in Jan 07 1 Imran Yousaf (28, man) Pakistan suicide, found hanged at friend’s home in Bedford (GB) after being denied a visa extension IRR
31/12/06 33 N.N. (4 women) Algeria drowned, shipwreck near Algeria trying to reach Sardinia (I) LaN/FE
30/12/06 20 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 9 found, 11 missing, 2 boats sank 60 km Sud of Laayoune (MA) way to Spain APDHA/ABC
23/12/06 1 N.N. (young) Sub-Saharan Africa stabbed by MA police in Rabat, deportation operation to prevent migration to Europe APDHA/ICARE
20/12/06 24 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, bodies thrown overboard boat wrecked in Yoff(Mauritania) way to E Reu./WSWS
16/12/06 126 N.N. West Africa reportedly drowned, missing, boat capsized on way form Djiffer (Senegal) to Spain TimesM/IntHeraldTribune/CNN/NOB/Vita/NA/EP/PR/FE/14/12/06 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died trying to reach Canary Islands (E), boat found near Anfrift (MA) APDHA
13/12/06 1 N.N. unknown drowned, boat with 29 survivors wrecked near Dakar (Senegal) way to Canary Isl. (E) TimesM/IntHeraldTribune/PR/FE/APDHA/USAToday/MNS/13/12/06 3 N.N. unknown died in hospital, boat wrecked near Dakar (Senegal) on way to Canary Islands (E) TmesM/IntHeraldTribune/PR/FE/USAToday/MNS/APDHA/11/12/06 51 N.N. Egypt, Syria, Palestine drowned after boat capsized near Seferihisar (TR) trying to reach GR coast TDN/TP/Ya.D
10/12/06 1 N.N. Asia drowned, after shipwreck near Restinga Smir (MA) trying to reach Ceuta (E/MA) APDHA
09/12/06 1 N.N. (40, man) Bulgaria suicide on Detention Centre in Lamezia (I) waiting for deportation LR/PR
06/12/06 1 N.N. unknown died of dehydration and hypothermia, found in boat landed in Arguineguin (E) NOB/Gaymengc/FE/ELM/TS/MNS/APDHA
06/12/06 1 N.N. unknown died of dehydration and hypothermia in hospital after boat landed in Arguineguin (E) FE/ELM/MNS/APDHA/NOB/TySp/Gaymengc/TS
04/12/06 3 N.N. Afghanistan/Mauritania drowned, missing, after boat carrying 29 sank off Turkey’s West coast, way to Greece TDN/FE/PR
03/12/06 1 N.N. unknown shot by Moroccan border guard trying to cross the border fence in Melilla (E/MA) eltelegramma/APDHA
02/12/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration and hypothermia in hospital after boat landed in Tenerife (E) APDHA
02/12/06 102 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, shipwreck near Dakar sea due to stormy waters, they left from Senegal PR
01/12/06 1 Kazim Kustul Turkey suicide, hanged himself in Detention Centre in Marseille (F) waiting for deportation INDm/Vatan/PR/MNS
in Dec 06 50 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation thrown overboard boat landed on Yoff (Senegal) trying to reach E MNS/APDHA
in Dec 06 2 N.N. (men) Bosnia stowaway, found in a truck in Ancona (I), suffocated by the gas-water in the truck FE/LR
30/11/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on boat with 15 survivors rescued by ARC sailing ship, way from Africa to Spain YatchingWorld/FE/ELM/MNS/APDHA
26/11/06 13 N.N. (11, children) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found after boat capsized near Laayoune (MA) on the way to Spain AFVIC/MP/Reu/ELM/FE/NOB/News24/CNN/MNS/APDHA/26/11/06 23 N.N. (adults) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 3 found, 20 missing, boat capsized near Laayoune (MA) on way to Spain AFVIC/MP/Reu/ELM/FE/NOB/News24/MNS/APDHA/PICUM/26/11/06 1 Naji Dohatem (30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, young activist for human rights, boat sank near Laayoune (MA) on way to E MP/ELM
21/11/06 1 Kone Watara (26, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in Ceuta (E/MA) hospital, accepted for 2 weeks after boat on way from MA sank APDHA
19/11/06 3 N.N. Somalia/Palestine drowned, 1 found, 2 missing, boat capsized off Izmir’s (TR) coast on way to Greek IntHerald/KI/FE/NOB
in Nov 06 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overborad, boat rescued by ARC sailing ship, way from Africa to Spain MNS/APDHA/YatchingWorld
in Nov 06 1 N.N. (±40, man) Afghanistan stowaway, died after being run over by the lorry he had been hiding under in Harlow (GB) IRR
27/10/06 6 N.N. Algeria drowned sailing to Spain from Wahran (Algeria) NOB/KUNA/FE/APDHA
27/10/06 1 Artur Aivazov (±40,man) Azerbaijan suicide, after waiting for asylum claim for 8 years in NL, having psychological trauma Voorvlucht/Oz
24/10/06 4 N.N. (3 men;1 pregnant woman) Maghreb drowned, 3 found, 1 missing shipwreck 8 miles from Malta on way from Libya to Italy MP/MM/FE/Unipa/TimesM
12/10/06 1 Berrais Fethi (30, man) Tunesia body found in advanced state of decomposition near the coast of Foukat (DZ) QUOTI
12/10/06 10 N.N. (men) Tunesia reportedly drowned, 9 missing 1 found advanced state decomposition near Fouka (DZ) QUOTI
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 10
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
10/10/06 40 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, missing after boat sank near Kithira Island (GR) KI/MP/PICUM/ABC/FE
08/10/06 1 N.N. (±20, man) Iraq stowaway, asylum seeker fell from a lorry in carriageway near Folkestone, Kent (GB) Mirror/BBC/IRR
05/10/06 24 N.N. Maghreb drowned after their rubber boat broke up trying to reach Canary Islands (E) APDHA/BBC/Guardianun/Aljazeera/PICUM/NOB/MNS/in Oct 06 2 N.N. Sudan died on way to hospital after their boat capsized near Malta MNS
in Oct 06 3 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition near Malta MNS/FE
in Oct 06 1 Abdullah Ahmed Maroof (30, m) Iraq suicide, set himself on fire in his car in Stockton (GB), feared being sent back to Iraq IRR
26/09/06 9 N.N. Middle East/North Africa drowned, 6 found, 3 missing, reportedly thrown into Turkish sea by Greek coastguard SC/TP/FE/TDN/MNS/FR-BB/NOB/PICUM/PR/jW
23/09/06 2 N.N. (woman; child) unknown drowned, shipwreck caused by overcrouding 40 miles off Lampedusa (I) LR/FE/IntHeraldTribune/NOB/PICUM/Unipa
23/09/06 25 N.N. unknown drowned, after their boat sank near Kenitra (MA) on way to Spain APDHA
21/09/06 2 N.N. Morocco 1 found, 1 missing, body floating near Tarifa (E), set off with jet ski from Morocco NOB/APDHA
17/09/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of lack of medical care in police custody after his boat landed in Los Cristianos (E) ELM/FE/NOB/EITB24/PICUM/Kaosenlared/NODO50/APDHA
17/09/06 13 N.N. unknown drowned, 1 found, 12 missing after shipwreck 115 miles South West Malta way Italy FE/LR/MM/NOB/Unipa
16/09/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in a boat with 56 survivors landed on Los Cristianos, Canary Islands (E) ELM/FE/NOB/EITB24/APDHA
12/09/06 250 N.N. unknown missing, boat at the mercy of the waves sent SOS signal near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/Unipa
10/09/06 2 N.N. Kurdistan died in minefield after entered in Vyssas area, in Evros (Greek/Turkish border) KI/FE/MNS/FR-BB
09/09/06 17 N.N. (9 m; 5 w; 3 ch) Somalia died of starvation, thrown overboard drifting ship on way from Libya to Italy FE/agrigentoweb
07/09/06 1 Eugene Ejike Obiora (48, man) Nigeria asylum seeker strangled from policeman in social welfare office in Trondheim (N) MNS/NR
05/09/06 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found on the beach of Torretta Granitola near Mazara del Vallo (I) LR/FE
03/09/06 1 N.N. (19, man) Algeria stowaway, fell in a field in Vivantes (F) from the wheelbay of a plane from North Africa MNS
03/09/06 1 Janvier Makiadi (31, man) Congo suicide, hanged under bridge, asylum claim refused (GB); known also as Paul Kiese RochdaleObs/IRR
03/09/06 1 N.N. Maghreb found near Los Ancones (E), body thrown overboard by boat landed in Lanzarote (E) APDHA
02/09/06 8 N.N. Eritrea/Somalia died of hunger and thirst, bodies thrown overboard during journey to reach Italy LR/FE/MNS/PICUM/Unipa
01/09/06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Pakistan drowned, boat hit rocks near Hania (GR) on the way from Egypt to Italy KI/FE/NOB
01/09/06 3 N.N. (2 adults; 1 minor) Sub-Saharan Africa died after been rescued off El Hierro, Canary Islands (E) after their boat sank ELM/FE/MNS/NOB/Rawstory/PICUM/APDHA
01/09/06 7 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing afer boat sank near the coasts of Crete Island (GR) FE/FR-BB
30/08/06 10 N.N. unknown died in boat with 13 survivors, bodies thrown overboard during journey to reach Italy LR/FE
29/08/06 132 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 84 found, 48 missing, shipwreck near Mauritanian coast of Nouakchott EP/FE/NOB/News24/MNS/GuardianUn/daz/FR-BB/APDHA
28/08/06 1 N.N. (man) Mali died of dehydration after been abandoned in Sahara desert by Moroccan authorities MNS/Reu/FE/BBC/NOB
27/08/06 20 N.N. Africa 15 found, 5 missing on Mauritanian coast, thrown overboard after died of dehydration MNS/FE/EP/BBC/ELM/MAG/PICUM/CRIDEM/APDHA
27/08/06 1 N.N. (man) Mali died of dehydration, found on boat sailing from Mauritania to Canary Islands (E) APDHA
26/08/06 1 N.N. (woman) unknown body found on a vessel intercepted near the coasts of Malta MNS/Unipa
26/08/06 8 N.N. unknown bodies found on ship on way from Senegal to Canary Islands (E) APDHA
25/08/06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Eritrea died of starvation during crossing, found in boat landed at Portopalo di Capopassero (I) ANSA/FE/LR
20/08/06 28 N.N. (26 men; 5women; 1child) unknown drowned, 6 found, 22 missing; dinghy capsized near the coasts of Lampedusa (I) CDS/IM/MET/LR/FIEI/Statewatch/NOB/Newsaust
20/08/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown reportedly devoured by a shark after dinghy capsized near Lampedusa (I) IM/LR
20/08/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown died after falling into the sea attempting to cross the Sicilian Channel Statewatch/FE/Unipa
19/08/06 50 N.N. (4 women; 10 children) Africa drowned, 12 found, 38 missing, boat collided with Navy ship near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/CDS/BBC/IM/Reu/GuardianUn/MNS/FE/LR/Statewatch/19/08/06 30 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies missing, boat sank off the coast of Lampedusa Island (I) PICUM/AFVIC
17/08/06 1 Zamira Sadigova (51, woman) Azerbaijan suicide, jumped from her 11th floor flat in Knightswood (GB), in fear of deportation TheHerald/IRR
17/08/06 3 N.N. unknown found on a boat with 81 survivors rescued off Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/FE/NOB/APDHA
14/08/06 28 N.N. Africa died of hunger and thirst on way from Senegal to Canary Islands (E) NOB/APDHA/jW
14/08/06 1 N.N. Africa died of starvation in Mauritania hospital after rescue operation on boat on way to Spain NOB/APDHA
12/08/06 28 N.N. Africa died of starvation in boat instructed to change route by Spanish coastguard Statewatch/ELM/FE
12/08/06 5 N.N. Maghreb died of starvation: 4 thrown overboard boat on way from MA to E; 1 died in hospital MA APDHA
12/08/06 1 Pierre Palmaba Kabamba (61, m) Congo suicide, jumped from 5th floor of an induction centre for asylum seekers in Margate (GB) IRR
11/8/06 15 N.N. Senegal died of injures bodies thrown overboard, gas bottle explosion on ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB/APDHA/DS
11/08/06 3 N.N. Senegal died of injures after gas bottle explosion, found on a ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB/APDHA
06/08/06 1 N.N. Morocco died in detention centre in Bologna (I) sparking a revolt Statewatch
06/08/06 1 N.N. (24, man) Africa reportedly drowned, missing, fell from boat during repatriation leaving NL to Africa VK
06/08/06 1 Mohamed Aloui (33, man) Tunesia found in Bologna det. cr. (I), overdose by antiepileptic medicine, he wasn’t epileptic MP/ADUC/SAP/AFFIT/GLOPRO/LESP/ILD
05/08/06 1 N.N. (man) North Africa found by Local Police officer on beach of the Caleta del Mero (E) TS/APDHA
04/08/06 2 N.N. (man) unknown 1 thrown overboard, 1 found on boat with 66 survivors intercepted off Tenerife (E) TS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/NOB/APDHA
02/08/06 5 N.N. China died in car accident trying to escape police in Germany after being smuggled from Cz Berliner Ztg/MOZ/Tagesspiegel
in Aug 06 1 Karol (18 months, child) Sierra Leone died of starvation crossing from Libya to Lampedusa (I), parents throw her overboard ANSA/LR
in Aug 06 2 N.N. (6 child; 8 child) unknown reportedly died of starvation on the way to Lampedusa (I), bodies thrown overboard ANSA/LR
01/08/06 28 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies washed up near Blibilat coasts (MA), trying to reach Canary Isl. (E) ELM/FE/BBC/TS/Statewatch/NOB/APDHA
in Aug 06 4 N.N. Senegal died in Mauritania Hospital after gas bottle explosion in ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB
01/08/06 1 Van N. (29, man) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN
01/08/06 1 Duc N. (24, man) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN
01/08/06 1 Thi N. (23, woman) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN
in Aug 06 1 Modjtaba Farahian (28, man) Afghanistan suicide, in his house in Vlissingen (NL) in fear of deportation Oz
30/07/06 2 N.N. unknown reportedly died of sunstroke, bodies found on boat arrived in Los Cristianos (E) NOB/TS
30/07/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown died of starvation after been hospitalized in Palermo (I) after shipwreck in Lampedusa IPL/LR/FE/Statewatch/NOB
29/07/06 13 N.N. unknown reportedly died of starvation on a boat with 14 survivors drifting off Lampedusa (I) BBC/IPL/FE/LR/Statewatch/MNS/NOB/Unipa
29/07/06 17 N.N. (5 men; 5 women; 7 ch.) unknown drowned after shipwreck near the coasts of Malta, Italian vassel rescued 12 survivors MNS/LR/FE/IPL/Statewatch/NOB/MM/Unipa
28/07/06 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned during rescue operation, boat was intercepted near Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/NOB/Pravda/APDHA/taz/jW
28/07/06 2 N.N. (1 men; 1 young) Sub-Saharan Africa died on rescue ship, boat was intercepted near Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Pravda/NOB/APDHA/taz/jW
28/07/06 34 N.N. unknown drowned:12 found, 22 missing shipwreck on Senegalesian waters on way to Spain APDHA
27/07/06 1 N.N. unknown died of starvation, found on boat arrived in Canary Isl. (E) carrying 111 survivors Statewatch/APDHA
26/07/06 17 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, all bodies missing, boat from Libya to Italy sank off Mahdia (TN) Statewatch/ELM/FE/Reu/IPL
26/07/06 1 Sadedim (boy) Macedonia died without medical care in asylum centre Sweikhuizen, Geeuwenburg (NL) VK
25/07/06 2 N.N. Asia died after explosion in minefield in Evros (GR) trying to cross Turkish-Greek border PICUM/KI/MNS/NOB
24/07/06 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead of hypothermia in boat with 48 survivors arrived Islands Gran Canaria (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/BBC/PICUM/NOB/APDHA/taz
24/07/06 3 N.N. (men; 24, woman) unknown reportedly drowned, bodies found by coast guards on a beach in Gela (I) Statewatch/FE/CDS/IPL
23/07/06 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, thrown overboard boat with 48 survivors arrived Gran Canaria (E) APDHA
23/07/06 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa suicide: abandoned boat during their way to arrive in Gran Canaria (E) APDHA
22/07/06 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation in Hospital after had been rescued in ship arrived at Tenerife (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM/PICUM/APDHA
22/07/06 2 N.N. unknown found on board of a rescued boat on way to Canay Island (E) Statewatch
21/07/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa found on a boat with 43 survivors, arrived at the port Los Cristiano, on Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/PICUM/APDHA
18/07/06 1 Adams John (7 months, child) unknown reportedly died heart failure caused by hypotermia, after arriving Fuerteventura (E) PICUM/ELM/MNS/Statewatch/FE/NOB/APDHA
16/07/06 1 N.N. (woman) Russia suicide, asylum seeker detained at Foreigners’ Registration Crentre, Pabrade (LT) MNS
07/07/06 9 N.N. (1 child) unknown bodies found on the coasts of Canary Islands (E) APDHA
07/07/06 3 N.N. (men) Africa found when boat arrived on Tenerife (E), died by dehydration during crossing PICUM/MNS/Statewatch/FE/EP/NOB/APDHA/jW
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 11
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
06/07/06 3 N.N. (man;±30, woman;±3, ch) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, on way Canary Islands (E), found by fishermen off Cape Bojard (MA) MNS/PICUM/LV/ICARE/APDHA
05/07/06 1 Abiy Fessfha Abebe (35, man) Ethiopia suicide, found hanged at Greenbank Drive Centre (GB) after asylum claim refused IRR/icliverpool
03/07/06 30 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 26 found, 4 missing, shipwreck near El-Ayun (MA), way of Canary Isl. (E) Vita/MNS/Picum/Statewatch/FE/ELM/IPL/NOB/AFVIC/03/07/06 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died climbing border fence in Melilla (E/MA), reportedly one shot by border guards Statewatch/FE/ELM/ICARE/VITA/PICUM/IPL/MP/NOB/in Jul 06 11 N.N. Africa died during attempts to reach Canary Islands (E) from Mauritanian coast Statewatch
in Jul 06 30 N.N. Africa drowned, bodies washed up onto the Atlantic sea after a boat sank off Western Sahara NYtimes
29/06/06 16 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 found, 13 missing after shipwreck 200 km near El Aaiún (MA) way to E MNS/APDHA
27/06/06 2 N.N. unknown found dead on a fishing boat with 266 survivors near the coasts of Malta on way to I EB/Statewatch/FE
26/06/06 5 N.N. (3 children; 2 adults) unknown drowned after shipwreck, found by Turkish Coast Guard near Kusadasi (MA) Statewatch/TP/NCAs
22/06/06 1 N.N. (±25, man) India stowaway, died from heat exhaustion 2 weeks later found in roadside in Essex (GB) BBC/PICUM/NOB/IRR/EADT
19/06/06 1 Majid Samari (37, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Asylum Centre in Hansthholm (D) after asylum claim rejected CPH/MNS/NR/UNHCR
12/06/06 1 N.N. (±25, man) India stowaway, died from heat exhaustion in back of a truck in a roadside in Essex (GB) BBC/essexchronicle/GuardianUn/PICUM/NOB/IRR/EADT
10/06/06 1 Oleksiy Baronovsky (34, man) Ukraine suicide, reportedly selfharm, kept in HMP Rye Hill (GB) under Imm.Act pending depor. NCADC/UNHCR/IRR
09/06/06 11 N.N. Africa drowned, 3 found, 8 missing; shipwreck caused by overcrouding near Malta (M) coasts LR/Le Monde/GuidaS/MNS/Statewatch/Reu/FE/NOB/Unipa/06/06/06 1 N.N. (6, boy) Somalia drowned, after boat sank 2.5km of Island Samos (GR) sailing with 22 saved by vassel PICUM/KI/NCAs/Statewatch/MNS/FE/NOB/TP
05/06/06 1 N.N. Maghreb body found on board of a boat near Cabo de Gata (E) APDHA
4/6/06 15 N.N. unknown drowned, 1 found, 14 missing after boat capsized 111 miles off Malta’s coasts FE/Statewatch/NOB/Unipa
03/06/06 4 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found off the coast of Ragusa (I) Statewatch/FE/NOB
02/06/06 15 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck in the Mediterranean sea MNS
30/05/06 1 N.N. Moldova died in minefield crossing Turkish-Greek border IMK
30/05/06 7 N.N. unknown died bodies rempatriated from Spain to Morocco with other 433 migrants APHDA
19/05/06 42 N.N. (±25) Afghanistan/Bangladesh stowaways, small truck crashed into parked trailer on highway near Osmaniye (TR) FECL/IPL/Ya.N/PICUM/MNS/FE/TDN/NOB/AFP
18/05/06 7 N.N. unknown found on boat caught up in storm near Sfax (Tunisia) on way from Libya to Italy IPL/Statewatch/FE/Unipa
15/05/06 1 Ese Elizabeth Alabi (29,woman) Nigeria no medical treatment, got lower priority for heart transplant than GB citizens IRR/BBC
13/05/06 37 N.N. unknown 26 missing, 11 found mummified in boat drifting near the Caribbean on way to Spain MNS/IRR/IPL/Statewatch/FE/EP/NOB/APDHA
13/05/06 1 Sivanthan Gowthaman (29, m) Sri Lanka suicide, jumped under train, he lost work permit after refusal of asylum claim (GB) Thenews/IRR
11/05/06 1 Asif Azmad (17, man) Afghanistan reportedly stowaway hidden under vehicle, dead body found on A3 near Clanfield (GB) IRR
08/05/06 1 N.N. (woman, 57) China hung herself in fear of deportation in a detention centre in Neuss (Germany) ProAsyl/PICUM/Hiergeb
02/05/06 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, 1 found, 1 missing, shipwreck near Kusadasi (TR) on way to Samos Isl. (GR) Statewatch/IPL/MNS/NOB/Pravda/AFP
in May 06 1 Seiny Dabo (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK
in May 06 1 Bouba Cisse (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK
in May 06 1 Diaw Sunkar Diemi (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK
in May 06 8 N.N. (men) Senegal/Guinee-Bissau/Gadmiebdia of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK
27/04/06 1 S. D. (31, man) Morocco died of asthma attack in detention Centre in Trajal, Ceuta (E/MA) awaiting espulsion Statewatch/FE/ELM/NODO50
25/04/06 1 N.N. (40, man) Algeria body found on the shore of El Tarajal (E) trying to arrive in Ceuta (E/MA) APDHA
25/04/06 25 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Kenitra (MA) trying to reach Spain APDHA
23/04/06 1 N.N. (±24, man) Asia reportedly stowaway, fell from truck dragged a mile along A14, Cambridegeshire (GB) IRR
14/04/06 1 Dominique Koumadio (woman) Africa murdered, shot by the police during a street riot in Germany Sparta
04/04/06 34 N.N. unknown drowned in shipwreck on way from Mauritania to Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA
in Apr 06 1 Mohammed Yussif (28, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, shipwreck near Lampedusa (I), reattempt by one of deported ‘Cap Anamur 37’ BorderlineEU
in Apr 06 1 Danielle Dominy (30, woman) Brazil suicide, drank antifreeze, feared to be separated from her daughter by immigration officials IRR
18/03/06 3 N.N. unknown bodies found on the shore of Cabo Blanco (E) APDHA
17/03/06 13 N.N. (youths) Africa missing, disappeared on way from Laayoune (MA) to Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/AFVIC/APDHA
16/03/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found by Guardia Civil near the port of Spanish north African enclave Melilla (E/MA) Statewatch
15/03/06 26 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned on way to Spain, bodies retrieved in the waters of Mauritania by Spanish ship MAG/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA/VK
12/03/06 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on a drifitng boat off Capeverdian islands on way to the Canary Island. MNS/PUB/APDHA
09/03/06 1 Naser Al Shdaida (36, man) Syria suicide, under train in London (GB) fearing deportation after refusal of his asylum claim IRR/Streathamguardian
07/03/06 45 N.N. Africa drowned, 2 small boats capsised on way to Spain, one crashed with coast guard vessel MAG/NRC/IND/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA/MNS/07/03/06 3 N.N. unknown stowaways, found dead on a lorry arrived in Bari (I) from Durazzo (AL) Statewatch/LR/FE
05/03/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, shipwreck off Ahrax Point (M) on way to I, fled from Hal Far and Safi det.cr. Statewatch/NOB
05/03/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, shipwreck off M on way to I, fled from Hal Far and Safi det.cr. Statewatch/NOB/Unipa
04/03/06 1 N.N. Gambia drowned triying to reach the coasts of Tenerife (E) APDHA
22/02/06 16 N.N. Morocco found on a boat, died of hypothermia, starvation and epileptic crises on way to Spain AFVIC
22/02/06 4 N.N. unknown stowaways, died of asphyxia, found on a ship arrived in Canary Isl. from Ivory Coast Statewatch/MNS/APDHA
20/02/06 1 Yadav Krishnakumar (child) Sri Lanka baby of asylum family died of dehydration in Fairfield Hospital (GB), no medical aid Manchester
19/02/06 12 N.N. (11 young m.; 1 young w.) Morocco drowned after boat with 36 migrants capsised off Almeria (E) AFVIC
19/02/06 12 N.N. (11 young m.; 1 young w.) Morocco drowned, after boat with 32 left from Jbel Boudinar and capsised off Spanish coast AFVIC
19/02/06 1 N.N. (25) Afghanistan drowned, dinghy carrying 6 Afghans sank off Chios (GR) on way from Turkey Statewatch/FE/KI
19/02/06 2 N.N. unknown drowned, pantera with 24 passengers capsized off Island of Alboran/Almeria (E) MNS/Statewatch/APDHA/NOB
18/02/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck off the Libyan coast on way to Italy Statewatch
15/02/06 1 N.N. (woman) unknown frozen, died while crossing the Bulgarian-Greek border on mount Falakon Statewatch/MNS
13/02/06 1 N.N. Afghanistan died of a shock after his cousin was beaten up by border guards in Patras port (GR) Statewatch/MNS
10/02/06 1 Taufik Al-Karazeh (27, man) Syria suicide, asylum seeker hanged himself in his flat in Rochdale (GB), fear of deportation IRR/RochdaleObs
in Feb 06 2 N.N. (±27, men) Pakistan murdered, fell while crossing border Iran-TR, trafficker cut their throat as they couldn’t go on witness (Sarfraz Ali Khan)
in Feb 06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Bangladesh leg broken when running between Iran and TR, the group had to leave him behind witness (Sarfraz Ali Khan)
30/01/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Algerian coast, disappeared in an attempt to reach Spain Satewatch/Aujourd’hui/FE
30/01/06 1 Salehdeim Fahssahi (38, man) Algeria died after arson attack on detention Centre Schrassing (L) Odysseus/PlaZa
24/01/06 1 Nuur Saed (22, man) Somalia died after falling from balcony, escaping police search in his flat in Plumstead (GB) IRR
23/01/06 8 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 bodies found, 5 missing, boat capsised off the coast of Al-Hoceima to Spain AFVIC/MNS/Statewatch/APDHA
21/01/06 3 N.N. Pakistan/Bangladesh found frozen on dinghy from TR to GR carrying migrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh Statewatch/KI/FE/NOB
19/01/06 1 Bereket Yohannes (26, man) Eritrea suicide, found hanged in Harmondsworth Immigr. Removal Cr. (GB) facing deportation Statewatch/NCADC/IRR/NOB
11/01/06 1 N.N. Iraq died of heart attacked during police custody in Athens (GR) in fear of deportation MNS
04/01/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned while swimming to the island of Lesvos (GR), after boat sank 80m from coast NOB/MNS/Statewatch/KI/FE
in 2006 1 Ali Amen Nader (man) Yemen murdered by Yemeni authorities, rempatriated after asylum claim was refused in NL IHRC
01/01/ 06 1 Mhedy Aliy (30, man) Tunesia died in detention centre Pian Del Lago (I), administered high ammount of placating ILM/MP/Lib
27/12/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, body found by a scuba diver and retrieved by the Spanish Sea Rescue Team Statewatch
25/12/05 1 N.N. (30, man) Morocco drowned, found next to plastic bins tied together that helped him cross Spanish waters Statewatch/ELM/FE
24/12/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found by authorities on the beach of Cadiz (E) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM
24/12/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found by authorities on the beach of Cadiz (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM
21/12/05 2 N.N. Nigeria stowaway, died during journey to Kallo (NL), thrown from cargoship by compatriots MNS/News24/FE/VK
19/12/05 30 N.N. Mauritania/Senegal reportedly drowned after vessel capsised off the Canary Islands, only 4 bodies found MNS/Statewatch/NOB
10/12/05 1 N.N. (man) Africa found dead on a boat carrying immigrants in Gibraltar Strait by Spanish authorities Exodus
10/12/05 22 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, missing in stormy waters in the Gibraltar Strait on way to Spain Exodus
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 12
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
09/12/05 2 N.N. unknown blown in minefield at the TR-GR border. Bodies found by authorities in Kastanies (GR) MNS/KI/FE
08/12/05 1 Mohammed Hanif (27, man) Bangladesh suicide at asylum centre in Hechtel-Eksel (B), previously attempted suicide twice Universal Embassy (B)
30/11/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition on Tarifa beach by Guardia Civil Statewatch
28/11/05 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 6 found, 12 missing after boat capsized off the coast of Gran Canaria MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/ABC/Raz/MUGAK
28/11/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot by police, minivan way to Europa refused to stop at check point on Carikci (TR) FE
27/11/05 22 N.N. Africa drowned, reportedly fallen from duckboat due to strong winds off the coast of Almeria MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/PICUM
27/11/05 1 N.N. Africa found on duckboat carrying 36 migrants off the coast of Almeria during rescue attempt MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM
25/11/05 1 N.N. (4, boy) Romania died after falling off a window at Villa Salus Reception Cr. for migrants in Bologna (I) LR
25/11/05 3 N.N. (men) Asia died of hypothermia in attempt to cross the border between Ukraine and Slovakia State Border Service (UA)
24/11/05 20 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near the coast of Scicli, Sicily (I) FE/LR/NOB
23/11/05 1 N.N. (27, man) unknown jumped from balcony anf fell in Den Haag (NL), in fear of arrest for deportation MAG/PICUM/Oz/NU
18/11/05 9 N.N. Africa drowned after boat capsized off the coast of Sicily. Ignored by Maltese coast guards. LR/MP/AD/MNS/Statewatch/FE/CDS/NOB/Unipa
15/11/05 1 N.N. (20, man) unknown stowaway, driver lost control over truck attempting to escape police in Prevenza (GR) KI/FE
12/11/05 1 Delroy Edward Jamaica murdered by a shotgun in Kingston (Jamaica) 9 days after being deported from GB IRR/WIK
10/11/05 1 Lizwane Ndlovu (29, woman) Zimbabwe died in Birmingham hospital, after release from Yarls Wood Detention Centre (GB) IRR
02/11/05 30 N.N. unknown 12 drowned, 18 missing boat with 36 migrants to Greek capsized near Cesme (TR) MNS/Statewatch/Ya.N/KI/FE/NOB
31/10/05 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on a drifting vessel off the coast of Adra (Almeria, E) MNS/Statewatch
26/10/05 1 Maribel M. Rodriguez (30, w) Dominican Republic burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Kamal Shahin (51, man) Turkey burnt alive after fire in detention centre at Schipol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Taras Bilyk (30, man) Ukraine burnt alive in detention cr. at Schiphol(NL).He was also known as Vitaly Khvylovyy. LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Mehmet Avar (41, man) Turkey burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Vladislav Leniev Petrov (31, m) Bulgaria burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Lofti Al Swaee (32, man) Libya burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Robert Jules Arah (34, man) Suriname burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Naiva Apensa (43, man) Suriname burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Gheorge Sas (21, man) Romania burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Oksana Nynych (29, woman) Ukraine burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/26/10/05 1 Dato Khidiritsj Kasojef (20, m) Georgia burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/25/10/05 7 N.N. Africa drowned, after vessel submerged off the coast of Malta MNS/MM/FE/NOB
25/10/05 1 N.N. unknown body found by greek coastguard aboard boat with 150 migrants on way to Italy NOB
21/10/05 1 Michail Sh. (32, man) Russia suicide, hanged himself with bed sheets while in police custody in Hamburg (D) ARI
12/10/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, in the attempt of swimming to the shore of Adra (Almeria) Statewatch/ELM/FENOB
06/10/05 6 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died in the attempt of entering the enclave of Melilla (E/MA) MNS/AFVIC/VK/LR/FE/ELM/NOB/AI
04/10/05 1 Yankuba Ceesay (18, man) Gambia suicide, found dead in a security cell in Linz (A), hungerstrike in fear of deportation TheStandard/NR/MNS/ORF/PICUM/WIKO
01/10/05 1 N.N. (38, man) Algeria died at friends’ house, beaten by security guards when he refused to be deported Le Matin/Vivre
01/10/05 17 N.N. unknown drwoned, 3 found, 14 missing after boat capsised off Fuerteventura in rescue attempt Statewatch/MUGAK/ABC/Raz
01/10/05 1 Hassan Mohammad (30, man) Afghanistan suicide, killed friend and her son, jumped from 5th floor in NL, fear of repatriation VK/aduc/Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra
01/10/05 2 N.N. (35, woman; 8, boy) unknown murdered, pushed down from 5th floor in NL by friend in fear of repatriation VK
in Oct 2005 1 Suleiman Dialo (30, man) Guinea suicide, asylum seeker suffering from depression killed himself in Newcastle (GB) Cpgb
in Oct 05 11 N.N. unknown shot by Spanish and Moroccan police whilst trying to cross fences to Ceuta and Melilla (E) APDHA/Chabacka
29/09/05 1 N.N. (30, man) Africa found off the coast of Agrigento (I), drowned after a massive disembarkment LR
28/09/05 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died shot by Moroccan border guards, attempting to enter in Ceuta (E/MA) NR/NRC/VK/NOB/AI/Terra
27/09/05 34 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsised in stormy waters off the North coast of Cyprus ILM/NOB
27/09/05 1 N.N. (20, man) Palestine drowned, jumped off stranded boat off the coast of Sicily, near marina di Palma (I) LS/GDS
21/09/05 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned off the coast of Morocco, near Dakhla, on their way to Canary Islands AFVIC/NOB
21/09/05 4 N.N. Africa found dead on a boat off the coast of Tunisia, traveling from Libya to Italy PICUM
19/09/05 1 N.N. Syria shot by a Turkish coast guard while on a boat on its way to Greece MNS/Spiegel/NOB
15/09/05 1 Manuel Bravo (35, man) Angola suicide, found hanged at Yarl’ s Wood Removal Cr. (GB) so that his son could stay in GB NCADC/BBC/MNS/Statewatch/TI/Leedstoday/IRR
15/09/05 1 N.N. Congo died in Melilla Hospital (E/MA) after attempt to enter the Spanish enclave AFVIC/AI
14/09/05 1 Edmore Ngwenya (26, man) Zimbabwe suicide,found drowned at Salford Quays (GB) NCADC/Manchester Evening News/IRR
13/09/05 1 N.N. (24, man) Liberia found dead, on a street in Geneva (CH), expelled from immigration centre Le Courrier/Vivre
11/09/05 11 N.N. Eritrea drowned, off the coast of Italy near Gela, traffickers – 7 Egyptians – were caught Unita/MNS/GDS/MP/LS/BBC/NOB/Unipa
10/09/05 11 N.N. Eritrea found dead on Licata Beach (I), drowned after boat got stranded south of Gela (I) MNS/LR/VK
10/09/05 1 N.N. (44, woman) Albania shot by Greek border guard near the border with Macedonia MNS
29/08/05 2 N.N. Cameroon died of injuries sustained attempting to enter the Spanish enclave of Melilla (E/MA) APDHA/MP/IND/NOB
19/08/05 26 N.N. Sudan drowned, after boat capsized south of Malta MNS/NOB/Unipa
16/08/05 2 N.N. Africa drowned, jumped off the boat while disembarking in Lampedusa (I) G.Sicilia/Unipa
13/08/05 4 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, suffocated in container coming from Casablanca (MA) in Rotterdam (NL) PICUM/NOB
08/08/05 9 N.N. unknown 2 drowned, 7 missing after boat capsized off the coast of Lesvos (GR) PICUM
06/08/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned after his boat sank off the southern coast of Crete (GR) PICUM/NOB
04/08/05 23 N.N. (men) Mali, Senegal found dead on the coast of Tarfaya (Ma), drowned after boat capsized on way to E MNS/PICUM/NOB
03/08/05 1 N.N. (±30, man) unknown stowaway, found frozen in the landing gear of a plane in Brussels (B) BBC
20/07/05 2 N.N. unknown drowned after small boat capsised in attempt to reach Kos island in the Aegean Sea ORF
13/07/05 3 N.N. Somalia drowned, after their boat capsized off the coast of Turkey near Izmir MNS/NOB
07/07/05 1 Babak Ahadi (33, man) Iran suicide, set fire to himself at accommodation cr.in Bristol (GB) in fear of deportation. NCADC/IRR
02/07/05 1 Nusrat Raza (22, woman) Pakistan suicide, set herself on fire in Bradford (GB), depression after losing asylum appeal YP/IRR
01/07/05 1 N.N. (22, man) Iraq died of overheating, found on a parking place in Ludwigsfeld (D), smuggled paid $5000 ARI
27/06/05 1 Ramazan Kumluca (19, man) Kurdistan suicide, found hanged at Campsfield Removal Cr.(GB) after 3rd as. claim was refused TI/IRR/NCADC/BBC/PICUM/Independent
26/06/05 2 N.N. Tunesia drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Turkey near Dikili MNS/NOB
23/06/05 27 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in stormy waters off Malta; Maltese rescue-team came too late ORF/Unipa
13/06/05 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after their boat sank off the coast of Morocco on their way to Spain APDHA
13/06/05 14 N.N. (2men,6 women,6 minors) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Tanger on their way from Morocco to Spain. BBC/APDHA/AFVIC/NCAs/IstitutoInnocenti/NOB
29/05/05 2 N.N. Georgia blown in a minefiled between Turkey and Greece while crossing border MAG
27/05/05 11 N.N. unknown died from dehydration near Algerian border after vehicle broke down in desert NOB/Thestar
25/05/05 16 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found in the Sicilian Channel (I), drowned after boat capsized south of Lampedusa (I) LR/NOB/Unipa
12/05/05 3 N.N. Africa stowaways, found dead in a container on a Danish ship between Morocco and Spain. MAG
11/05/05 1 N.N. (minor) Morocco found dead on a ship transporting migrants, stopped near the coast of Andalusia (E) AngolaPress
03/05/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on the beach of Morro Besudo, Canary Islands (E) MNS
25/04/05 1 Shiar Ahmad (28, man) Syria suicide, found hanged after 2 months detention once repatriated to Syria from CH Tagesanzeiger/Swiss Parliament
15/04/05 24 N.N. Africa 5 drowned, 19 missing, after boat sank on its way from Libya to Italy PICUM
10/04/05 2 N.N. Morocco died of starvation on way to Spain,found on a boat drifting off the coast of Algeria AFVIC
10/04/05 16 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned off the coast of Algeria on way to Spain AFVIC
09/04/05 1 Limbaya Ndinga (32, man) Congo suicide, found hanged in his flat in Middleton (GB) after asylum claim was refused Middleton Guardian/IRR
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 13
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
04/04/05 1 N.N. Mauritania blown in minefield in attempt to cross the Turkish-Greek border TI/MAG/DPA/taz
04/04/05 1 N.N. Tunesia blown in minefield in attempt to cross the Turkish-Greek border TI/MAG/DPA/taz
01/04/05 1 N.N. (3 months, child) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia in his mother’s arms on their boat to Spain PICUM
31/03/05 13 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation on a boat drifting near El-Hierro (E) taz/NOB
31/03/05 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation on a boat drifting near El-Hierro (E) APDHA/ORF/MAG
25/03/05 5 N.N. (men) China, Mongolia drowned, thrown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR
25/03/05 1 N.N. (woman) China, Mongolia drowned, thown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR
25/03/05 3 N.N. (men) China, Mongolia reportedly drowned, thrown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR
24/03/05 6 N.N. China drowned, after they were forced to jump off, found off the coast of Sicily (I) PICUM/Statewatch/MNS/NOB/Unipa
12/03/05 11 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead near the coast of Fum Wad, El-Aiun, West Sahara (MA) ACN/AFVIC/PICUM
12/03/05 50 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in attempt to reach Canarias from Fum al-Wad, West Sahara (MA) ACN
12/03/05 30 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned,found dead near coast of Fum Wad, El-Aiun, West Sahara (MA) AFVIC/APDHA
11/03/05 11 N.N. Bangladesh found dead on a boat from Morocco to Spain MAG/MNS
01/03/05 1 Ali Jafari (25, man) Afghanistan missing, after being deported to Afghanistan, after a 18 months asylum in BG Evening Gazette
in Mar 05 3 N.N. (girls) Nigeria died of thirst, travelling through desert to Tumu, Niger to get to LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop
26/02/05 35 N.N. (20-28, men) Morocco reportedly drowned near Oran (DZ) on the way from al-Hoceima (MA) to Spain AFVIC/ATMF/NOB
26/02/05 2 N.N. (20-28, men) Morocco died at hospital in Oran (DZ) after boat was found drifting off the coast of Tunisia AFVIC/ATMF/NOB
25/02/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found dead in a boat drifting 12 km from Cap Blanc, Oran (DZ) YABI/AFP
25/02/05 2 N.N. unknown found dead on a boat drifting near Oran (DZ), from Morocco to Almeria (E) AFP/YABI
25/02/05 1 Ramazan Kaya (26, man) Turkey suicide, jumped out of window, depressed because couldn’t get staying permit in D taz/ARI
22/02/05 1 Ben Habra Saharaouis (man) Algeria suicide, found hanged during period of remand, Authorities tried to suppress the case NR
21/02/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown died of hypothermia shortly after arriving in Alboran (E) by boat MNS
18/02/05 9 N.N. Egypt drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Libya, on way to Italy LR/CDS/PICUM
18/02/05 26 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck off the coast of Libya, on way to Italy CDS/LR
14/02/05 1 Vincent Shem (32, man) Ghana suicide, found hanged in HM Prison in Wandsworth (GB) Inquest/IRR
07/02/05 39 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after 10-day sail from Al-Hoceima (MA) to Spain APDHA
in Feb 05 2 N.N. Senegal drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Morocco near El-Ayunan on way to Spain Le Monde
25/01/05 1 Vladislav Babayan (man) Armenia suicide, found hanged in Merksplas (B), in fear of deportation De Gentenaar
23/01/05 1 N.N. (25-30, man) unknown suicide, found hanged in prison in Sarnen (CH) Vivre
19/01/05 10 N.N. unknown found dead on a boat drifting 480 km suth of Canary Islands (E) PICUM/PAJOL/MAG/APDHA/MNS/NOB
11/01/05 1 Said Zigoui (44, man) Morocco suicide, jumped from hospital after recovered for self harm in Lamezia Terme (I) Cr. MP
07/01/05 1 Oury Jalloh (21, man) Sierra Leone burnt alive, found tied to a bed in a police cell in Dessau (D), case under investigation VRF/IND/St.W/VRF/SP/AN/MDR/ARI/PR/Afr.Courier/I 07/01/05 1 Laye-Alama Kondé Sierra Leone died in Bremen (D), forced to drink medication by police in search for drugs VRF/Statewatch/Karawane
05/01/05 1 N.N. Africa died of exhaustion, found dead on a beach in Fuerteventura (E) ANA/APDHA/NOB
02/01/05 1 N.N. Iran/Somalia drowned, after boat carrying 15 people sank off Turkish coast TP/PICUM/NOB
02/01/05 1 N.N. Iran/Somalia reportedly drowned, after a boat carrying 15 people sank off Turkish coast TP/PICUM/NOB
in 2005 2 N.N. unknown suicide, found dead at Schipol Airport detention centre (NL) Nova TV(27/10/2005)
in 2005 1 Abdullah Tokhi (35, man) Afghanistan murdered after forced repatriation from GB to Afghanistan, asylum claim refused Independent
in 2005 106 N.N. Nigeria reportedly abandoned in desert during repatriation to Niger (due to I-LY agreement) LESP/Gatti
in Jan 05 1 N.N. (girl) Ghana attacked and torn apart by wild dogs in Madama, Niger whilst travelling to LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop
30/12/04 6 N.N. Morocco drowned near Targha (MA) on their way to Spain AFVIC
30/12/04 4 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Targha (MA) on their way to Spain AFVIC
30/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found floating near Agaete – Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
26/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa dead body found floating near San Cristóbal de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (E) MNS/APDGA/MUGAK
24/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa dead body found near Gran Canaria (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK
23/12/04 13 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa dead bodies found on a boat drifting near Fuerteventura (E) AFVIC/SP/MP/MNS/PICUM/Vivre/APDHA/MUGAK/NOB
23/12/04 2 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found on a boat carriyng about 37 people near Fuerteventura (E) MP
22/12/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa dead bodies found on a boat drifting near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/Vivre
21/12/04 2 N.N. Africa found dead on a boat 24 miles from Fuerteventura (E) APDHA/MUGAK
21/12/04 1 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, after falling off boat 24 miles from Fuerteventura (E) APDHA/MUGAK
20/12/04 1 Razgar Rassool Hamad (24,man) Iraq died from hypothermia, body found outside a disused factory in West Bromwich (GB) BBC/IRR
18/12/04 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found in Lobos (E) 2 weeks after boat capsized off Fuerteventura MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
17/12/04 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found in Lobos (E) 2 weeks after boat capsized off Fuerteventura MNS/MUGAK
17/12/04 2 N.N. unknown died in attempt to enter into Melilla (E/MA), found dead on a cliff MUGAK
16/12/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, jumped off a vessel off the coast of Ghar Lapsi and Hagar Qim (M) MNS/MM/NOB/Unipa
14/12/04 1 N.N. (±19) Afghanistan drowned after boat carrying 17 people sank off Samos (GR) 4 days before MNS/NOB
10/12/04 3 N.N. Afghanistan drowned after boat carrying 17 people sank off Samos (GR) MNS/NOB
10/12/04 1 Necati Ozcan (man) unknown died in S.G.Hospital (London, GB) while in detention, reportedly of cancer IRR
04/12/04 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after boat carrying 40 people capsized off Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
04/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after boat carrying 40 people capsized off Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
04/12/04 2 N.N. (22; 23) Turkey died after explosion in minefield in Evros (GR) trying to cross Turkish-Greek border PICUM/KI/MNS/NOB
30/11/04 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, fallen from wheelbay of a plane,body found in Louvain (B) MNS
28/11/04 14 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned during rescue operation of boat capsized near Antigua (E) AFVIC/Statewatch/APDHA/MUGAK/ABC/Raz
28/11/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies rescued after boat capsized near Antigua (E) AFVIC/Statewatch/MUGAK/APDHA/ABC/Raz
27/11/04 1 Hemen Mahmood Faqia (40,m) Iraq drowned, found in River Tyne (GB) after agreement on voluntary repatriation IRR
16/11/04 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, found dead in wheelbay of a plane arrived in Paris (F) from Mali MNS
14/11/04 12 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Malta ANA/ANSA/Unipa
14/11/04 3 N.N. unknown blown up in a minefield at the turkish-Greek border, near Evros (GR) ORF/NOB
13/11/04 10 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized in stormy waters off the coast of Malta MNS/NOB
12/11/04 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned near Fuerteventura (E) during rescue attempt MNS/AFVIC/Libertaddigital/NOB
12/11/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned near Fuerteventura (E) during rescue attempt MNS/AFVIC/Libertaddigital/NOB
10/11/04 7 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania reportedly drowned, after boat from Africa capsized in Aegean Sea MNS
10/11/04 9 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania drowned, after boat from Africa capsized in Aegean Sea MNS/NOB
07/11/04 1 Kenny Peter (24, man) Nigeria suicide, fell from Colnbrook imm. Removal Centre (GB) trying to hang himself NCADC/IRR/Inquest/PPO
in Nov 04 1 Bukola Ogunyemi Nigeria died after being beaten up at French airport for not having visa from Hungary MLKO
28/10/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Licata (I) LR/Unipa
23/10/04 1 N.N. (baby) Somalia born dead, thrown overboard before Maltese rescue team arrived ANA
15/10/04 28 N.N. unknown dead bodies found near Tarfaya (Ma) APDHA/MUGAK/AFVIC/DPA
15/10/04 1 John Kanau Manana (24, man) Kenia suicide, found hanged in his cell at Leicester prison (GB). NCADC/IRR
14/10/04 1 N.N.(man) Egypt/Pakistan drowned after boat capsized 70 miles from Malta MP/Statewatch/MNS/di-ve news/Unipa
14/10/04 1 N.N. (man) Egypt/Pakistan reportedly drowned after boat capsized 70 miles from Malta MP/Statewatch
14/10/04 1 Majid Rafieei (32, man) Iran suicide, found hanged at his home in Sheffield (GB) after asylum claim was refused NCADC
03/10/04 22 N.N. North Africa drowned, after boat capsized 170 km off Tunisia ANA/CDS/MT/Vivre/MUGAK/StW./MNS/SFGate/DS/VK
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 14
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
03/10/04 42 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Tunisia ANA/CDS/Vivre/MUGAK/Statewatch/DS
02/10/04 75 N.N. Morocco/Tunesia drowned after their boat sank off the coast of Tunisia on way to Italy. PICUM/Unipa
01/10/04 30 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly drowned near Lampedusa (I) LR/Unipa
in Oct 04 50 N.N. unknown road accident, crushed in a truck that overturned in Dirkou, Niger, heading for LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop
30/09/04 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after their boat capsized on way to Fuerteventura (E) APDHA
29/09/04 1 N.N. (40, man) Slovakia suicide, set himself on fire in Paris (F) in front of his embassy slovensko.com
29/09/04 2 N.N. (4, 5, boys) Somalia/Kurdistan drowned, fell into water playing near asylum centre in Harlingen (NL) VK
27/09/04 1 N.N. (23, man) Yugoslavia died in detention Centre due to pulmonay embolish, lacking medical care INDd
26/09/04 1 Ceife Yimene (24, man) Ethiopia suicide, found hanged in an emergency accommodation in Newcastle (GB) NCADC/IRR
21/09/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on a boat drifting a few miles from Zarzis (TN) MP/AP/PICUM
20/09/04 5 N.N. Afghanistan drowned, after their boat capsized in stormy waters off of the Greek coast near Samos PICUM
11/09/04 1 Kalan Kara Karim (29, man) unknown died while in detention in Great britain GuardianUn./IRR/Scotman News
10/09/04 1 N.N. (32, man) Algeria reportedly drowned, found at border of Playa de la Hípica (E) and Beni-Enzar (MA) APDHA
09/09/04 8 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned 50 km from Entellada-Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK/APDHA/Statewatch
09/09/04 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Fuerteventura MUGAK/PICUM/MNS
09/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Morocco suicide, during his deportation from Almería (E) to Al-Hoceima (MA) MUGAK/APDHA/PICUM
08/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Congo suicide, found in Merksplas (B) detention centre, was denied medical help for depression UE/MNS/sgcv
03/09/04 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, found floating off the coast of Tánger (MA) APDHA/MUGAK/VK
02/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, body found near Benzú, Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK/APDHA
02/09/04 1 Rafiq Sjirinov Azerbaijan died after being deported from Sweden to Azerbaijan. MNS
in Sep 04 6 N.N.(±16, man) unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck between Capo Bon (TN) and Pantelleria (I) MP/Statewatch
01/09/04 1 N.N. (17, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell in Bellinzone (CH) Vivre/MNS
29/08/04 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, bodies found in two trucks in Cairo (Egypt) on their way to Italy ANA
29/08/04 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found floating near harbor of Algesiras (E) MUGAK/APDHA
25/8/04 1 Amor Knis (25) Tunesia stowaway, body found in the trunk of his girlfriend’s car in Genova (I) RAI/ANSA/ILM
24/08/04 1 N.N. (25, man) Morocco stowaway, found dead in the roof luggage rack of a car on way to Spain MNS
23/08/04 5 N.N. Afghanistan 1 drowned, 4 missing, boat capsized on way from Altinoluk (TR) to Lesbos Island (E) IMK
22/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Afghanistan drowned, body found after shipwreck by fishermen off the Turkish coast of Nordägäis DerStandard
22/08/04 4 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, missing after shipwreck off the coast of Nordägäis DerStandard
21/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, jumped overboard in fear of border guards near Motril (E) ELM/LOP/APDHA/MUGAK/StW
21/8/04 1 N.N. (25, man) Morocco stowaway, dead body found in Playa de Palmones-Los Barrios, Cadiz (E) LOP/MUGAK/APDHA/Statewatch
21/08/04 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found in Los Pajaritos (E), after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) ELM/GRP/ANA/MUGAK/Statewatch/La Opinión
21/08/04 1 N.N. Mali drowned, body found in Los Pajaritos (E), after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) ELM/GRP/ANA/MUGAK/La Opinión
21/08/04 1 N.N. Maghreb dead body found on the beach in Granada (E) MUGAK/Statewatch
21/08/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned,after a shipwreck off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch
20/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria suicide , found dead in detention centre in Rotterdam (NL), in fear of deportation MNS/VK
17/08/04 14 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on the beach of El-Aaiún, West Sahara (MA) APDHA
16/08/04 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found dead on the beach of El-Aaiún, West Sahara (MA) APDHA
16/08/04 16 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized with 34 people on way to Canarias (E) APDHA
15/08/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown arm belonging to an asylum seeker found near Uznach (CH) Vivre
13/08/04 32 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned; boat capsized with 39 people going to Fuerteventura (E) MC/MP/ILM/MUGAK/APDHA/MNS/DS/ABC/Raz
13/08/04 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after boat capsized on its way to Fuerteventura (E) MC/MP/ILM/GRP/MUGAK/APDHA/MNS
09/08/04 1 Chukwuemeka Onyegbule(23,m) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in Forest /Vorst Prison (Bruxelles), misterious circumstances ISMD/UE/INDbe/EmekaIst.
08/08/04 26 N.N. North Africa died in overcrowded boat trying to reach I from Libia, bodies thrown overboard Vivre/BBC/IRR/LaS/RO/LS/MUGAK/LR/DS/VK
8/8/04 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died during rescue of an overcrowded boat trying to reach Italy from Libya Vivre/BBC/IRR/LaS/RO/LS/MUGAK/Vivre/LR
8/8/04 1 N.N. (1, boy) Liberia died in overcrowded boat trying to reach Italy from Libya, thrown off the boat CDS/Vivre
08/08/04 1 N.N. unknown found dead, floating off the beach of Punta Carnero, Algesiras (E) APDHA
07/08/04 1 N.N. Africa died during rescue attempt by Italian authorities in Siracusa (I) ANA/ART
05/08/04 1 N.N. (30, woman) Sudan pregnant, reportedly thrown off a boat to Italy by other migrants LS/STR/ILM/Unipa
05/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Palestine died in minefield at TR-GR border with 4 Palestinians and 2 Moroccan who survived YaN
2/8/04 5 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Cadiz (E) ANA
in Aug 04 1 Taher Mohamed Zanati Egypt drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Libya MP/ANSA
in Aug 04 1 N.N. Morocco stowaway, dead body found in a car in Cadiz (E) MUGAK
in Aug 04 1 Ako Mahmood Ahmed (25, man) Iraq suicide, jumped off a bridge at Coventry shopping cr.(GB), suffered from depression IRR/NCADC
in Aug 04 18 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Zelid (LY) LR
in Aug 04 23 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Zelid (LY) LR/Unipa
in Aug 04 1 Edwin Ndupus (37, man) Nigeria died after police’s use of teargas, circumstances not clear Akin
in Aug 04 5 N.N. (4 men; 1 woman) Sudan/Ghana drowned after dinghy capsized on way from Libya to Italy Servir
31/7/04 3 N.N. (men) Maghreb drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after patera capsized with 33 people MNS/MC/MUGAK/Terra/TN/Vivre
31/7/04 1 N.N., woman sub-Suharian drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after boat capsized with 33 people MNS/MC/MUGAK/Terra/TN/Vivre
31/07/04 1 N.N.(6 months) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after boat capsized ADN
30/7/04 1 Carlos Requelme (50,man) Chile suicide, found hanged in prison in Livorno (I), waiting to be put on trial RIS
30/07/04 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat capsized with 33 migrants near Punta Paloma (E) APDHA
28/07/04 1 N.N.(34, man) Dominican Republic suicide, found hanged in prison in Busto Arsizio (I) after 4 days of detention RIS
26/07/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan-Africa dead body found floating near the coast of Melilla (E/MA) MC/APDHA
23/7/04 1 Tung Tran Quang (23, man) Vietnam suicide, found hanged at Dungavel det. cr. (Scotland-GB),he was denied interpreter IRR/SC/The Herald/NCADC
21/07/04 1 N.N. (20, man) Cuba stowaway, frozen in landing gear of airplain from Dominican Republic in Düsseldorf SP
19/07/04 1 Sergey Barnuyck (31, man) Ukraine suicide, hanged himself in Harmondsworth Centre (GB) in fear of deportation IRR/MSN/ERB/NCADC
09/07/04 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned,body found in Lanzarote (E) MUGAK
05/07/04 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Tripoli (LY) ANSA/Unipa
02/07/04 1 Nicolae Doru (37, man) Romania suicide, found hanged in prison in Frosinone (I) in fear of deportation RIS
in Jul 04 1 N.N. (25, man) Bangladesh suicide under psychiatric care at Akademiska S. in Uppsala after reject. of as.appl. MNS
in Jul 04 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, presumly died in cargo ship ”Victoria”, his body removed near Casablanca MNS
01/07/04 1 Salah Talbouz (28, man) Morocco suicide, found hanged in prison in Ivrea (I) RIS
in Jul 04 1 N.N. (man) Vietnam shot by the police in Purmerend (NL) in front of his flat IRR
29/06/04 9 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Capo Bon (TN) LR
29/06/04 6 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Capo Bon (TN) LR
25/06/04 1 Hussein Nasseri (26, man) Iran suicide, shot himself in his car after his asylum claim was refused (GB) SC/BBC/IRR/NCADC
24/06/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, dead body found near Lampedusa (I) ILM/Unipa
14/06/04 1 Marisa Bartolomeu (22,woman) Angola no medical care, died on way from recemption camp in Eindhoven (NL) to hospital EindhovensDagblad/MAG/VK
14/6/04 1 N.N. (man) N.N. dead body found in Vélez-Málaga beach (E), reportedly a refugee from a shipwreck MC/APDHA
10/06/04 1 Abdinassir Abdulatif (24, man) Somalia killed in Mogadishu (Somalia) after deportation from NL MNS/Vivre/VK
08/06/04 1 N.N. (27, man) unknown hanged himself in refugee housing facility in GB, police refused to reveal details PAIH
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 15
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
07/06/04 9 N.N. unknown decomposing bodies were found in the southwest of the island of Crete (GR) ANSA
06/06/04 6 N.N. (young men) Tunisia drowned after their boat sank near the port of Sfax on way from Tunisia to Italy LS/ANSA
06/06/04 4 N.N. (men) Tunisia reportedly drowned when boat sank off the Tunisian coast on way to Italy LS/ANSA
05/06/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, decomposed bodies retrieved from sea off island of Crete (GR) MNS
04/06/04 6 N.N. Tunisia drowned on way to Italy, found dead after shipwreck near Sfax (Tunisia) MNS
04/06/04 4 N.N. Tunisia reportedly drowned on way to Italy, found dead after shipwreck near Sfax (Tunisia) MNS
in Jun 04 1 Mohamed Yahya (man) Somalia killed by other clan after deportation from DK to Mogadishu (Somalia) MNS/Vivre/VK
28/5/04 1 Azrar Ayub (24) unknown died at Prestwich hospital, after being sedated and restrained by staff IRR
25/05/04 3 N.N. (men) unknown found dead on highway A7, after being abandoned by driver of a van near San Roque (E) APDHA/PICUM
25/05/04 1 Georgy Petko (37,man) Ukraine died in fear of deportation from Portugal to Ukraine, auth. overruled court sentence PUB
24/05/04 1 Kiann F. Ghaemzade (50, w) Iran suicide while in a detention centre in Carlslund, near Stockholm (S) MNS/ERB/UNHCR
23/05/04 4 N.N. Senegal stowaways, reportedly drowned, forced overboard 2000 km off Canary Islands SP/Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK/MC
19/05/04 1 N.N. (22, man) Guinea asylum seeker murdered in park near Asylum Seeker Centre Tattes in Vernier (F) JdeGe/CO
18/05/04 1 Zekria Ghulam Moham(27, man) Afghanistan suicide, found hanged in his flat in Glasgow (GB), facing eviction IRR/PAIH/SCOT/SM/NCADC
18/05/04 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, found dead in landing gear of plane from Africa, 10 km south of Lisbon (P) MNS/PUB/OCPM
17/05/04 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, found dead in De Gaulles airport (F) on a flight from Madagascar MNS
17/05/04 5 N.N. Africa stowaway, died from inhalation of toxic gas in a ship on way to Las Palmas (E) MNS
15/05/04 1 Kebba “Dobo” Jobe Gambia died after police attempt to arrest him in London (GB) IRR
15/05/04 1 N.N. (4, boy) unknown drowned, found near asylum centre Kuidertocht in Luttelgeest, Flevoland (NL) VK
10/05/04 1 Julia Kowaltschuk unknown suicide, overdose of pills, mentally ill refugees, help not provided by social workers FR-Th
07/05/04 2 N.N. (women) Bolivia killed in a collision with a train at a level crossing in Hellin (E) MNS
07/05/04 2 N.N. (men) Bolivia killed in a collision with a train at a level crossing in Hellin (E) MNS
07/05/04 1 N.N. (woman) Bolivia pregnant, killed in a collision with a train at alevel crossing in Hellin (E) MNS
05/05/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Kerkenah (TN) ANSA/Unipa
in May 04 1 N.N. (man) unknown suicide, found hanged in Barlinnie – Scotland (GB) in fear of deportation PAIH
01/05/04 1 Kabeya DimukaBijoux (35, man) Congo died in Haslar Centre-Gosport (GB) of the injures sustained after arrest PORTS/ERB/IRR/NCADC
27/04/04 2 N.N. (men) North Africa stowaways, found dead in the hold of a Turkish cargo-ship at port of Cartagena (E) MNS/Statewatch
23/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan-Africa hypothermia, going from Africa to Fuerteventura (E) by boat with other people. MC
22/04/04 1 N.N. (± 25, woman) Marocco drowned when disembarking in Granada (E) from a vessel coming from Morocco MNS
19/4/04 1 N.N. (man) Asia jumped from the boat into the sea to avoid the Civil Guard (E) MC
19/04/04 1 Orhan B. (man) Turkey suicide,found hanged in Hamburg (D) jail. 2nd suicide attempt in fear of deportation. jW/taz/EPP
17/4/04 15 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, two boats collided, hit rocks on way from Africa to Fuerteventura (E) FR-NRW/Vivre/MC/Statewatch/YaN
17/04/04 1 Esther Down (9 months, girl) Nigeria drowned, 2 overloaded boats collided near Fuertaventura’s coast (E) FR-NRW/MC/VK
17/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Pakistan stowaway, shot by police, after the van failed to stop at the border H-SK MNS
17/04/04 1 N.N. Asia stowaway, shot by police, after the van failed to stop at the border H-SK MNS
17/04/04 14 N.N. Africa drowned, after 2 boats collided near the coasts of Fuertaventura (E) VK
17/04/04 1 Ronald Down (man) Nigeria drowned, 2 boats overloaded with migrants collided near Fuertaventura’s coast (E) FR-NRW/MC/VK
11/04/04 1 Mohamed Ezzoubair Morocco shot to death by police in Ceuta (E/MA), body hidden for some days near MA border IRR
11/04/04 1 N.N. Albania suicide, hanged himself in the prison of Fuhlsbüttel (D) in fear of deportation ProAsyl
10/04/04 30 N.N. Somalia drowned on the way from Libya to Italy FR-NRW/ANA/ANSA/Unipa
04/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Algeria tried to reach Ceuta (E/MA) by swimming, dead body found on beach of Tarajal MC/MNS/Statewatch
04/04/04 1 John Williams Africa denied medical assistance in asylum centre in Halberstadt (D) RP/Indymedia/
02/04/04 1 Shahid Aziz (25, man) Asia found dead in a prison cell in GB, reportedly killed by a racist cellmate IRR/GuardianUn
in Apr 04 12 N.N. North Africa died being fourteen days at sea without food and water in Gibraltar Strait IRR
14/03/04 1 Kingsley Williamson (man) Jamaica suicide, hanged himself in Norwich (GB) prison, depressed awaiting deportation IRR
08/03/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown decomposed dead body found; reportedly tried to reach Ceuta (E/MA) by swimming MC
28/2/04 1 Ümit Abay (23) Turkey set himself on fire in Cologne (D) in fear of his deportation to Turkey AN
26/2/04 1 N.N. (man) North Africa dead body found on the beach La Barrosa in Chiclana de la Frontera-Cadiz (E) MC
24/02/04 13 N.N. Somalia reportedly drowned when their ship sank off the western coast off Turkey NOB/MNS
24/2/04 15 N.N. Somalia drowned, ship sank off the Turkish coast, bodies washed ashore near Ayvalik NOB/MNS
11/02/04 16 N.N. Egypt drowned when their two boats capsized in a storm on the way to Italy NOB/Vivre
11/02/04 20 N.N. Egypt reportedly drowned when two boats capsized in a storm on the way to Italy NOB/Vivre
5/2/04 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, decomposing bodies found on cargo ship from Ghana to Hull (GB) MET/IRR
01/2/04 1 N.N. (39, man) unknown suicide, found hanged in prison in Lachen (CH) Vivre
30/01/04 5 N.N. (20-30, men) China/Afghanistan drowned, discovered near Rafina (GR) after their boat sank in stormy sea MNS
30/01/04 14 N.N. China/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, when boat sank in stormy sea near Rafina (GR) MNS
30/01/04 5 N.N. (men) unknown frozen to death during blizzard, trying to cross Turkish-Greek border near Feres NON
30/01/04 5 N.N. (20-30) Asia drowned when trying to swim across river Evros between Turkey and Greece MNS
29/01/04 5 N.N. Kurdistan drowned, bodies found off Karystos (GR), boat sank in stormy waters NOB
29/01/04 14 N.N. Kurdistan reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Karystos (GR) NOB
25/01/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, boat sank on way from Libya to Italy, found by coast guards NON/FORBES
24/01/04 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat sank on way from Libya to Italy Unipa
21/01/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown dead body found in Fuerteventura’s waters (E), reportedly from an old shipwreck MC
21/01/04 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/Unipa
18/01/04 3 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MC
16/01/04 14 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized on reef off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa Tiroler Tageszeitung/Salzburger Nachrichten/Yahoo/MC/16/01/04 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, boat capsized on reef off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa YaN/MNS/MC/NOB
16/01/04 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa YaN/MNS/MC/NOB
10/01/04 18 N.N. (men) Albania froze to death on a boat on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/YaN/Moscow 10/01/04 5 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned after boat sank, tragedy on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/LR
10/01/04 3 N.N. (women) Albania died of hypothermia on a boat on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/YaN/Moscow 3/1/04 1 N.N. unknown stowaways, found dead in cargo ship in Pasaia (E) coming from Camerun Statewatch/MNS
01/01/04 1 N.N. (man) Iraq suicide, set fire to himself in London in fear of deportation IRR
in 2004 2 Tschianana Nguya (34, woman) Congo deported pregnant from Germany, imprisoned in Congo, got late medical care,baby died Statewatch/ProAsyl/FR-NieSa/ARI
in 2004 1 N.N. (1 hour old, baby) Congo mother deported ill/pregnant from Germany, imprisoned in Congo, no medical care Statewatch
27/12/03 1 N.N. (3, boy) unknown asylum seeker’s child drowned, fell into ditch near Asylum Centre Dalem (NL) VK
20/12/03 7 N.N. (men) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. drowned, boat sank off coast of Marmaris (TR) on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK
20/12/03 51 N.N. Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK
20/12/03 1 N.N. (woman) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK
20/12/03 1 N.N. (10, girl) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK
12/12/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan stowaway, suffocated on a cargo ship on way from Cameroon to Spain MNS/Statewatch
12/12/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, after a shipwreck near Tripoli (LY), on the way to Italy IPL/Unipa
02/12/03 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/GuardianUn./MUGAK/ABC/Raz
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 16
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
02/12/03 1 N.N. Marocco reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/GuardianUn/MUGAK/ABC/Raz
02/12/03 2 N.N. Gambia reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/ABC/Raz
02/12/03 11 N.N. Malia reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/ABC/Raz
01/12/03 1 N.N. (25-30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found near beach Fuente Caballos, Cadiz (E) SH
in Dec 03 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, reason of death unknown, body found in italian ship in Amsterdam’s harbour VK
in Dec 03 1 Daniel (19, man) unknown dehydration, died of thirst while travelling to Europe through Sahara desert LESP
23/11/03 1 NN unknown drowned, reportedly trying to swimm Ceuta (E/MA), body found in Chorillo (E) MUGAK
10/11/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Iraq found dead on a boat drifting 25 n. miles south of Pantelleria (I) INDi/IPL/Unipa
10/11/03 1 Liang He (23, man) unknown suicide, found hanged at Bedford prison (GB) NCADC
07/11/03 8 N.N. unknown died of starvation in a small boat, set to arrive in Motril (E) Statewatch/MUGAK/MNS
07/11/03 2 N.N. North Africa died frozen in a boat carrying about 40 migrants to Motril (E) Indymedia/MUGAK
03/11/03 1 AbdulH.GhernoutOmar (31, m) Algeria hanged himself in police custody in Valetta in fear of deportation Malta Independent/MNS/FIDH
03/11/03 1 Paul Yorke (man) unknown found dead in his cell in Heathrow police station MNS
in Nov 03 17 N.N. Morocco drowned after shipwreck near Larache (Morocco) SOS
in Nov 03 1 N.N. (man) Russia suicide, hanged himself in Polmont Prison (GB) in fear of deportation PAIH
in Nov 03 13 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, after shipwreck near Larache (Ma) SOS
26/10/03 1 N.N. (man) Bangladesh frozen to death in forest near Eisenstadt (A) after crossing Hungarian border MNS/Die Bunte
26/10/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned in the attempt to swim to Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK
25/10/03 37 N.N. North-Africa drowned, bodies recovered/washed ashore after shipwrecking in bay of Cadiz (E) Statewatch/MNS/Indymedia/VK/AP/GuardianUn/Trouw/25/10/03 11 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized in storm near Cadiz (ESP) MNS
22/10/03 37 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after boat capsized near Rota (E) MNS
21/10/03 22 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat capsized on way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) MNS/Vivre/TL
21/10/03 6 N.N. unknown drowned after boat capsized on the way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) MSN/WOZ/TL/Vivre
21/10/03 5 N.N. unknown drowned when boat sank off the Tunisian coast on way to Italy NOB/TL/IPL
20/10/03 13 N.N. Libya died of starvation on a boat from Libya to Italy being 20 days without food Miami Herald/TL/
20/10/03 1 Mohammed bin Duhri(20, man) Palestine suicide, found hanged at Belmarsh maximum security prison (GB) IRR/NCADC/ERB
19/10/03 12 N.N. Somalia found dead of cold/hunger on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/LR/MNS/YaN/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/19/10/03 50 N.N. Somalia reportedly died of cold/hunger on ship from Libya to Italy, thrown overboard Statewatch/LR/MNS/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/Vivre/19/10/03 1 N.N. (woman) Somalia died of hypothermia and starvation on ship fom Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/LR/MNS/YaN/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/18/10/03 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found on the beach in Larache (MA) APDHA/MUGAK
17/10/03 1 N.N. (young man) Somalia died on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) due to bad conditions Statewatch/MNS/LR/IPL
17/10/03 1 N.N. (15) Somalia died on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) due to bad conditions Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/IPL
17/10/03 7 N.N. (adults) Somalia died when boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/TL/Mugak/IPL/
17/10/03 1 N.N. (3 ) Somalia found dead on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/IPL/DPA
17/10/03 1 N.N. (13, boy) Somalia drowned after boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/TL/Mugak/IPL
09/10/03 1 N.N. (±16, boy) Congo stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Brazzaville (Congo) – Paris (F) flight AFP/MNS/Vivre
4/10/03 2 N.N. North Africa drowned in the waters of Bahía Feliz (E), their boat had been intercepted earlier AFP/MUGAK
03/10/03 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, ship sunk on way from North-Africa to Lampedusa (I) in international water YaN/GDS/ILM/IPL/TL
03/10/03 5 N.N. Iraq/Pakistan drowned near the Island of Evia (GR) trying to reach Greek coast by boat MNS/Flüchtlingsrat-Brandenburg/ILM
03/10/03 1 Lewon A. (48, man) Georgia Armenian, set himself on fire in Biedenkopf (D), asylum application was rejected MNS/ERB
03/10/03 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot by border guard while trying to cross border between Morocco and Spain MUGAK
01/10/03 2 N.N. (±30, men) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, suffocated in cargo ship on way from Ivory Coast to La Coruña (E) MNS
in Oct 03 1 N.N. unknown died on a boat on the way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) Haarlems Dagblad
in Oct 03 3 N.N. (2 children; 1 adult) unknown died on a ship and thrown overboard on way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) Haarlems Dagblad
in Oct 03 5 N.N. North Africa dead bodies found in a refrigerator truck which took fire on way to Algesiras (E) SOS
01/10/03 3 N.N. Guinea drowned, jumped off vessel off the coast of Havre (F) NOB
29/09/03 7 N.N. Pakistan died in minefield trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Flüchtlingsrat-Brandenburg/BBC
23/09/03 1 Vullnet Bytyci (18, man) Albania shot to death by border guard while trying to cross Albanian-Greek border AI
18/09/03 2 N.N. (man ±23, woman ±23) unknown drowned, while trying to swim from Morocco to Ceuta (E/MA) MNS
18/09/03 1 Soran Karim (23) Iraq Kurd, asylum seeker died in minibus collision while illegaly in Great Britain BBC
09/09/03 26 N.N. (21 men, 2 women) Pakistan/Asia drowned in river Evros on Turkish-Greek border when boat capsized BBC/Statewatch/AP
07/09/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, fell overboard after boat intercepted by coastguard near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK
04/09/03 1 Tema Kombe (32, man) Uganda suicide, found hanged in toilet of psychiatric ward at Heatherwood Hospital (GB) icB/IRR/NCADC
03/09/03 1 Israfil Shiri (30, man) Iran set fire to himself, after being denied necessary medication in Manchester (GB) BBC/Socialist Worker/NCADC/IRR/Asylum Policy/gay.02/09/03 1 N.N. (34,man) Algeria sans-papiers, jumped out of window trying to escape police check in Sartrouville (F) MNS/Grand Paris
1/9/03 2 N.N. unknown drowned after their overloaded boat sunk off the Tunisian coast, on way to Italy NOB
01/09/03 1 Vasiliy Todchuk (24, man) Russia suicide, found hanged in a building site in Govan, Glasgow (GB) NCADC/IRR
30/08/03 1 Andrej Donorov (34, man) Ukraine suicide, 11 days after being deported from NL to Spain, was mentally ill (schizophrenia) VK/NRC/Oz/Zelf
30/08/03 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Lanzarote (E) MUGAK
26/08/03 1 N.N. (16,boy) Afghanistan stowaway, coming from Greece found dead in back of truck near Rimini (I) AFP
23/8/03 1 N.N. (33,man) unknown died after fight with another asylum seeker in asylum centre Harlingen (NL) Trouw/VK/PLi
18/08/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Liberia died of a heart attack after his arrival at refugee centre in Lampedusa (I) LR/IPL/Unipa
17/08/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, dead body found near Tarifa (E) between rocks 2.5 meters under sea level MUGAK
17/8/03 1 Hekmat Karim Salih (29) Iraq kurd, stowaway, crushed to death in lorry going from France to Poole (GB) BBC/CARF/Kurdmedia/IRR
14/08/03 5 N.N. (3 children) Iraq/Sudan/Somalia drowned, trafficker made hole in boat on way from Ayvalik (TR) to Lesbos (GR) Twee Vandaag
13/8/03 5 N.N. (1 man, 4 women) unknown drowned, found dead on beach near Edremit (TR) MNS/AFP
09/08/03 1 N.N. (24, man) Chechnia died in violent confrontation with Moldovians in refugee centre Traiskirchen (A) MNS/Asyl in Not
01/08/03 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat sank off the shore of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/AFP/MUGAK
in Aug 03 13 N.N. unknown drowned, forced to jump into sea and threatened with a knife by 2 skippers. SOS
in Aug 03 9 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Barbate (E) SOS
31/7/03 15 N.N. Africa drowned when boat capsized near Canary Island of Fuerteventura (E) AFP/MNS/MUGAK/Statewatch
28/07/03 1 N.N. Africa drowned off the coast of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MUGAK
27/07/03 1 Erdogan Tahir (37, man) Turkey died of thirst, body found hanging from train in railway station of Gorizia (I) IET/ILP
25/07/03 1 N.N. Africa drowned off the coast of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MUGAK
19/07/03 21 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead off the coast of Libya IPL/Unipa
18/07/03 25 N.N. unknown drowned, after two shipwrecks occured near Sur de Aiun (MA) MUGAK
15/07/03 1 Cheibani Wague Mauritania soffocated after police maltreatments and physical abuse in Vienna (A) IRR/Malmoe/COE
14/7/03 5 N.N. North-Africa drowned after shipwreck near Barranco H.-Tarifa (E), bodies found by Guardia Civil Statewatch/AFP/MNS/GuardianUn/MUGAK
14/07/03 30 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck near Barranco Hondo-Tarifa (E) MNS
09/07/03 1 Elmas Ozmico (40, woman) Turkey died of septicaemia at Dover Hospital (GB), after her pleas for a doctor were ignored GuardianUn/Inquest/BBC/IRR
06/07/03 1 Faizullah Ahmedi (19, man) Afghanistan suicide, hanged himself in house in Blackburn (GB) awaiting decision on asylum claim IRR
in Jul 03 15 N.N. unknown drowned while being transferred to a Guardia Civil launch near Fuerteventura GuardianUn
01/07/03 1 Hüseyin Dikec (man) unknown suicide, set himself on fire in Aliens Office of Gütersloh (D) in fear of deportation ERB
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 17
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
in Jul 03 2 N.N. unknown bodies found by life boat crew in the water in the Channel, dead trying to enter Britain IRR
29/06/03 9 N.N. Libya drowned, vessel capsized near Capo Bon (TN) on way to Italy MNS/NOB/IPL/Vita/TL/Unipa
23/06/03 2 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, dead bodies found flooting in front of Tarifa (E) MUGAK
20/06/03 189 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized on way from Libya to Italy near port of Sfax Statewatch/MNS/AFP/GuardianUn/ABC/Observer/LR/YaN/20/06/03 20 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized on way from Libya to Italy near port of Sfax Statewatch/MNS/AFP/GuardianU/ABC/Observer/LR/YaN/18/6/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Ivory Coast stowaway, drowned, jumped overboard a containership in English Channel BBC/MNS/YaN/IRR
16/06/03 63 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, ship sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/AFP/TG/PLi/IND/Nouvel Obs./TN/AGI/16/06/03 3 N.N. (men) North Africa drowned, ship sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/AFP/TG/PLi/IND/LR/IPL/CNNit/ILN/CDS
16/06/03 4 N.N. (women) North Africa drowned, after boat sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) LR/IPL/CNNit/ILN/CDS/TL
14/06/03 30 N.N. Marocco reportedly drowned when dinghy capsized near Tarifa on way to Spain MNS
10/6/03 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt by Guardia Civil (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK
10/06/03 9 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt by Guardia Civil (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK
5/6/03 2 N.N. Morocco drowned, trying to avoid detection by coastguard near city of Salobreña (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
05/06/03 6 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, trying to avoid detection by coast guard near Salobreña (E) MUGAK/APDHA
02/06/03 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK
02/06/03 9 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK
in Jun 03 1 N.N. (man) Kurdistan found dead in the back of a Greek truck at the border between Italy and Slovenia IRR
in Jun 03 1 N.N. India dead body found in a forrest not far from the border between Ukraine and Slovakia IRR
in Jun 03 2 N.N. unknown drowned, dead body found in Ceuta (E/MA), they tried to reach coast by swimming MUGAK
31/5/03 15 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch
17/05/03 1 N.N. (33, man) Congo rejected asylum seeker found dead in a bus shelter in Boxmeer (NL) MNS/ANP
15/05/03 4 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found in fishing net near Lampedusa (I) LR
07/05/03 1 Olga Blaskevica (29, woman) Latvia murdered by partner in Harmondsworth detention centre (GB), awaiting deportation CARF/Metropolitan Police/IRR/NCADC
06/05/03 5 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, dead bodies found near he beach of Sid Kacem, Tanger (MA) MUGAK
06/05/03 4 N.N. (women) Morocco drowned, dead bodies found near beach of Sid Kacem, Tanger (MA) MUGAK
5/5/03 1 Liu Jin Wu (35, man) China suicide, denied access to interpreter, suffered from paranoid psychosis MNS/The Herald/NCADC/ERB/IRR
02/05/03 1 Nadim Hussaini (18, man) Afghanistan fell from bridge over M60, at Stockport (GB) after his asylum claim was rejected IRR
in May 03 1 N.N. (minor) Morocco suffocated, trapped on the border-fence in Melilla (E/MA) SOS
01/05/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found floating near Lampedusa (I) TL
26/04/03 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in a boat intercepted in the Gulf of Cadiz (E) MUGAK
25/04/03 2 N.N. unknown drowned after shipweck in Lanzarote (E) MUGAK
in Apr 03 10 N.N. unknown dead bodies found in the coasts of Lanzarote (E) SOS
in Apr 03 76 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, dead bodies found on the beach in Tarifa (E) SOS
25/03/03 1 N.N. (32, man) Iraq asylum seeker, set fire to himself in Diever (NL) after being caught stealing MNS/VK
in Mar 03 12 N.N. Africa dead bodies found in the touristic area of Costa Teguise (E) SOS
in Mar 03 1 N.N. Somalia blown in minefield at the border between Turkey and Greece IRR
28/02/03 1 N.N.(26, man) India dead body found near Kamanitsa (UA) few meters from UA-SK border NOB
25/2/03 1 N.N. (man) Mali or Gabon stowaway, fell from plane wheelbay under flight path to airport near Paris (F) MNS
24/02/03 1 Sarkawat Hussein (18, man) Iraq crushed to death trying to climb lorry in Calais (F) ferry terminal on his way to GB AFP/MNS/NO
23/02/03 1 N.N. (young man) Iraq hit by lorry in Calais (F), trying to reach Great-Britain as a stowaway Vivre
22/02/03 1 Djedjik Fatiha (39) Algeria suicide, hanged herself with scarf in police cel in Emmen (NL) in fear of deportation DVHN
20/02/03 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan-Africa died of thirst/hunger after 14 days at sea, going from Morocco to Fuerteventura (E) PUB/NOB/MUGAK
12/02/03 1 Osuigwe C. Kenechukwu (22) Nigeria died of lack of medical care in refugee transit centre Thurhof in Oberbüren (CH) Vivre/MNS/Indymedia/Augen auf/
07/02/03 18 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after being lost at sea near Fuerteventura (E) IRR
03/02/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, tried to swim to Spain body found floating in a bay south of Ceuta (E/MA) MNS
in Feb 03 2 N.N. Morocco suffocated, stowaway in a bus on a ferry going from Nador (MA) to Almería (E) SOS
in Feb 03 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan-Africa drowned, trying to reach Melilla (E/MA) swimming from Beniezar (MA), cold sea fatal SOS
in Feb 03 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, died attempting to disembark from a boat in Motril-Granada (E) IRR
31/1/03 1 Mikhail Bognarchuk (42) Ukraine suicide, found hanged by his shoelaces in toilet at Haslar removal Centre (GB) IRR/NCADC/CARF/MNS
23/01/03 2 N.N. Turkey stowaways fell out of wheel-bay in China, hid in wrong plane in France MNS
19/01/03 6 N.N. Iraq frozen to death in drifting boat near S.M. di Leuca (I) coming from Turkey MNS/Vivre/AFP/AP/TL
19/01/03 26 N.N. Nigeria drowned while trying to reach the Canary Islands (E) from Morocco MNS/Vita
19/01/03 23 N.N. unknown died of hypothermia on a drifting boat near Leuca (I) coming from Turkey MNS/Vivre/AFP/AP/TL
18/01/03 1 Mariame Getu Hagos (25) Somalia died of asphyxhiation during deportation from Paris (F) to Johannesburg (SA) NCADC/AI/AN/VK/Vivre/MNS/borderzerolist/IND/JT/Statewatch/18/01/03 2 N.N. unknown dead bodies found on the beach in Motril (E) MUGAK
17/01/03 19 N.N. Sub-Saharan-Africa drowned near Tangers (MA) hoping to reach Spain clandestinely by sea MNS/Vivre/MUGAK
16/01/03 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in the beach of Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK
15/01/03 12 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned when duck boat sank off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK/IRR
15/01/03 2 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after duck boat sank off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK/IRR
15/01/03 10 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat sank near Canary Island of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/ Spits/ AFP
15/01/03 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned when small boat sank near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/ Spits/ AFP
14/01/03 1 Foussini Baraya (31,man) Burkina Faso suffocated in his vomit, seriously ill in border prison Amsterdam South-East (NL) VK/AC/AFVIC/CW/demo
13/01/03 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, died after creeping into the hold of a Cypriot ship bound for Cadiz (E) IRR/MUGAK
12/01/03 9 N.N. Africa drowned, boat sank on its way to Spain near Fuerteventura (E) NOB
12/01/03 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned when boat sank near Fuerteventura (E) NOB
09/01/03 6 N.N. Iraq died of hypopthermia on a Greek boat headed to Italy IRR/Vita
09/01/03 23 N.N. Iraq reportedly drowned near S.M. di Leuca (I) in attempt to reach Italy on a Greek boat Vita
08/01/03 3 N.N. (± 25) India died of exhaustion after journey through mountains between Slovakia-Ukraine NOB/Mumbaicentral
08/01/03 1 Said B. (29, man) Morocco died after being run down while attempting to hide under a coach in Ceuta (E/MA) IRR/MUGAK
04/01/03 2 N.N. Burundi died on Thracian (TR/GR) border straying into marked minefield in thick fog KI
02/01/03 3 N.N. Morocco died of toxic inhalation in fire deliberately started in police prison in Malaga (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
02/01/03 7 N.N. Algeria/Morocco drowned, boat crashed on rocks sank near Tarifa off southern coast of Spain VK/AP/DPA/AFP/Statewatch/MUGAK
02/01/03 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck in the Mediterranean Sea, near Tarifa (E) MLKO
02/01/03 1 N.N. (man) Palestine died of toxic inhalation during arson attack at a police station in Malaga (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA
in Jan 03 5 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, dead bodies found on beaches on Dodecanese island Symi in Greece KI/IRR
in Jan 03 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, corpse found on beach on the island Evia in Greece KI
in Jan 03 1 David Mamedor (45) Georgia Kurd, suicide in Schloß Holte-Stukenbrock (D) after rejection of asylum application WB/FR-NRW/NW/MNS
in Jan 03 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, found dead on beach on Symi island (GR) KI/IRR
in 2003 1 Olivier (±20, man) Niger suffocated, ate money to pay smugglers to avoid robbery at military check in Agadez(Niger) LESP
30/12/02 1 Ricardo Barrientos (54) Argentina died of cardiac arrest during deportation from Paris (F) to Buenos Aires (ARG) NCADC/AI/NOB/AN/Vivre/AFP/borderzerolist/LeMonde/28/12/02 1 Zafar Mohammad (16, man) Afghanistan suicide, set himself on fire at Gribskov refugee centre (DK), in fear of deportation. ERB
27/12/02 3 N.N. Morocco burnt at pol.st. in Malaga.Ref. started fire after 2days detention.Pol.didn’t open doors SOS/MUGAK/APDHA
26/12/02 7 N.N. unknown drowned after overcrowded boat coming from MA capsized near Tarifa (E) IRR
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 18
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
25/12/02 4 N.N. unknown drowned, when inflatable dinghy sank off the coast of the island Chios (GR) AP
25/12/02 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned,dinghy sank off the coast of the island Chios (GR) AP
24/12/02 2 N.N. (2, girl; man) Iraq Kurds, drowned trying to swim ashore when boat sank near coast of Korfu (GR) MNS/AP
24/12/02 1 Sirous Khajehb (29, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Huddersfield (GB), wrongly told asylum claim was refused IRR/YT/NCADC
19/12/02 10 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan drowned, 2 vessels got caught in a storm off the island Evia (GR) MNS/AP
19/12/02 10 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, when 2 vessels got gaught in a storm of the island Evia (GR) MNS/AP
16/12/02 1 N.N. (young man) Iraq found death by police under a truck at toll station of Saint-Omer (F) near Calais NOB/Telegraaf
13/12/02 1 N.N. Africa died of exhaustion after long trek, found near Greek village at GR-TR border NOB
2/12/02 1 N.N. (±12, boy) Ghana stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Ghana at Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/Annanova/Telegraph/Myjoyonline/IRR/IstitutoInnocenti/02/12/02 1 Immanuel Duah (±12, boy) Ghana stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Ghana at Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/Annanova/Telegraph/Myjoyonline/IRR/NCAs/1/12/02 44 N.N. Gambia, Ghana, Somalia drowned when boat sank on way from Bodrum (TR) to Kos (GR) IRR/TL/Vita
in Dec 02 1 Mahmot Slav (18,man) Iraq stowaway, died after attempt of jumping off a Patras (GR)-bound truck IRR
in Dec 02 4 N.N. Romania stowaways, found dead in a shipping container due to depart from Livorno (I) IRR
30/11/02 12 N.N. unknown drowned, boat shipwrecked near coast of Tripoli (Libya) going to Italy VK/MNS/DPA
30/11/02 56 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat shipwrecked near coast of Tripoli (Libya) going to Italy VK/MNS/DPA
30/11/02 32 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, when boat sank between Western Sahara (MA) and Canarian Islands (E) VK/AFP
21/11/02 1 N.N. (23) Armenia suicide in Szombathelyi Detention Centre in Hungary MGHR
15/11/02 1 Lata Aradinovic (34) Serbia Roma, set fire to himself in Syke (D) after his asylum aplication was rejected ARI
13/11/02 2 N.N. Africa drowned when inflatable dinghy capsized near Larache off Moroccos coast AFP
13/11/02 4 N.N. Africa reportedly, drowned when dinghy capsized near Larache off Moroccan coast AFP
02/11/02 1 A.K. (23) Albania fatally injured by border guard in Messopotamia area of Kastoria (GR-AL border) GHM/OMCT/YaN/ProAsyl
in Nov 02 1 N.N. (32, woman) Iran died of hypothermia, after long treck across Turkish border into Greece. IRR
in Nov 02 1 Farideh Karimi (42, woman) Iran no medical care into asylum centre in Appelscha (NL), too late found cancer MAG/VK
21/10/02 2 N.N. (1 man, 1 child) unknown drowned, their bodies were found off the northeastern coast of Lesbos (GR) MNS
16/10/02 6 N.N. (3 girls) unknown drowned, bodies found near Lesbos (GR) all six where wearing life vests MNS/NCAs
11/10/02 5 N.N. North Africa stowaways, suffocated inside a trailer on its way from Agadir (MA) to Sevilla (E) MNS/FR/taz/Tagesspiegel/AFP
10/10/02 2 N.N. (women) Nigeria drowned, ship capsized off Turkey’s western coast on its way to Greece AFP
10/10/02 7 N.N. Nigeria/Iran reportedly drowned, ship capsized off Turkey’s western coast on way to GR AFP
8/10/02 2 N.N. (2 women) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized near Barbate (E) avoiding detection by SIVE cameras MNS/AFP
08/10/02 14 N.N. (7 women, 7 men) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized near Barbate (E) avoiding detection by SIVE MNS/AFP
02/10/02 1 Beverley Fowler (32, woman) Jamaica suicide, found hanged in Durham prison (GB), in fear of deportation NCADC/IRR
in Oct 02 1 N.N. (18) Congo suicide, jumped under train in Zwolle (NL) in fear of deportation MNS
in Oct 02 9 N.N. Africa drowned when smal boat on its way to Sicily (I) capsized near Tunisian coast AP/Tagesspiegel
in Oct 02 1 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, small boat on its way to Sicily (I) capsized near Tunisian coast AP/Tagesspiegel
in Oct 02 3 N.N. (man) Africa drowned off the coast at Barbate (E) when a boat with 42 imigrants sank IRR
in Oct 02 6 N.N. (women) Africa drowned off the coast at Barbate (E) when a boat with 42 imigrants sank, 1 pregnant IRR
in Oct 02 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned off the coast at Barbate (E) when boat sank IRR
in Oct 02 8 N.N. unknown drowned, boat sank trying to reach island Mayotte (F) from Comoron Islands AFP
in Oct 02 12 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat sank between island Mayotte (F) and Comoron Islands AFP
in Oct 02 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body was discovered by fisherman in the western Peloponnese (GR) IRR
26/09/02 3 N.N. Palest./Sudan/Shri Lanka drowned, when fishing boat heading for Lesbos (GR) sank near Narli (TR) HRFT/AFP
26/09/02 10 N.N. Palest./Sudan/Shri Lanka reportedly drowned, when fishing boat heading for Lesbos (GR) sank near Narli (TR) HRFT/AFP
22/9/02 15 N.N. (men) Tunisia drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Scoglitti (south Sicily, I) VK/MNS/IRR/TL/LR/MUGAK/Vita
22/9/02 1 Muhamed Sarad (60) Bangladesh died when security forces tried to stop 70 people crossing the Iranian-Turkish border HRFT
16/09/02 1 N.N. (±25, man) Cameroon stowaway, froze to death in wheel bay of airplane from Cameroon to Paris (F) Morgeng./MNS
15/09/02 36 N.N. Liberia/North Africa drowned, boat with more than 100 refugees aboard capsized south of Sicily VK/AP/Morgengr./MNS/HRFT/ICARE/IRR/inq7/HRA/Reu/15/09/02 1 N.N. (15, man) Liberia/North Africa drowned, after boat with more than 100 refugees capsized south of Sicily VK/AP/Morgengr./MNS/HRFT/ICARE/IRR/inq7/HRA/Reu/14/09/02 1 Ramo Suljic (37; man) Serbia hanged himself in a refugee centre in Germany in fear of deportation ARI
12/09/02 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, found dead inside container with 10 immigrants in Algeciras (E) MNS/IRR
5/9/02 2 N.N. (±18, men) North Africa drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) MNS
4/9/02 1 Peiman Bahmani (29) Iran stabbed to death in the street where he lived in Hendon area, Sunderland (GB) Socialist Worker/IRR
in Sep 02 9 N.N. (men) Liberia drowned, when ship capsized 200 meters from coast south of Sicily (I) SP
in Sep 02 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, when ship capsized 200 meters from coast south of Sicily (I) SP
in Sep 02 1 N.N. (15, girl) Liberia drowned, when ship capsized 200 meters from coast south of Sicily (I) SP
in Sep 02 13 N.N. unknown drowned after boat capsized, found at beach near Kenitra (MA) Trouw
in Sep 02 1 N.N. (20) Azerbaijan suicide, hung himself after negative decision on his asylum application in NL MNS
in Sep 02 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, were abandond near Greek coast in boat that later capsized IRR/MUGAK
in Sep 02 1 N.N. unknown drowned, was abandoned near Greek coast in boat that later capsized IRR
in Sep 02 2 N.N. Pakistan drowned, were abandond near Greek coast in boat that later capsized IRR
in Sep 02 3 N.N. (women) Liberia drowned, after ship capsized 200 meters from coast of Sicily (I) SP
31/08/02 5 N.N. unknown Kurds, stowaways found suffocated in truck near Napels (I) coming from GR OBV/MUGAK
28/08/02 1 N.N. Turkey Kurd, died near village Vyssa (TR/GR border) after straying into marked minefield KI
22/08/02 9 N.N. Africa drowned near Fuerteventura (E) traffickers forced them to swim ashore ANP/AFP
19/08/02 4 N.N. Morocco stowaways, already decomposing bodies were found inside lorry in Billabona (E) MNS/taz/AFP
09/08/02 2 N.N. Kurdistan Kurds, died on refugee boat between Italy and Greece Kurdish Observer
06/08/02 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, found dead on the beach of Los Carabos in Melilla (E/MA) MNS
in Aug 02 2 N.N. (women) unknown Kurds, found dead on by smugglers abandoned refugee boat near Bari (I) KO
01/08/02 11 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS/HRA/MUGAK
01/08/02 17 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. reportedly drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS
in Aug 02 5 N.N. (minor) Iraq Kurds, stowaways found suffocated in truck in Avellino (I) going from BG to I DPA/MNS/HRFT
01/08/02 2 N.N. (women) Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. pregnant, drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS/HRA/MUGAK
30/07/02 1 N.N. (23, man) Cameroon stowaway, died of hypothermia in wheel bay of airplane from Rio to Paris (F) AP/MNS
30/07/02 1 Samba Fofana (25) Kenia died of two consecutive heart attacks in police station on Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch/IRR
21/7/02 2 N.N. unknown drowned, collision of Italian customs patrol boat and dinghy near Vlora (Al) Statewatch/VK/TL/Vita
21/7/02 15 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, collision of Italian customs patrol boat and dinghy near Vlora (Al) Statewatch/VK
21/07/02 5 N.N. Albania drowned after collision with Italian border guard ship near Vlora (AL) VK
09/07/02 1 David Metrevelli Georgia suicide, hanged himself in detention centre in Malaga (E) in fear of expulsion MNS
in Jul 02 2 N.N. Kurdistan Kurds, stowaways in lorry from Greece to Italy crushed to death by the load HRFT
in Jul 02 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, small boat with 19 migrants was wrecked off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) IRR
in Jul 02 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, small boat wrecked off coast of Fuerteventura (E) IRR
in Jul 02 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in police station in Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK
in Jul 02 1 N.N. unknown dead body found at the border between Ceuta (E/MA) and Morocco MUGAK
in Jul 02 1 Ahmet Moh. Irak (19, man) Kurdistan stowaway, found dead in a lorry on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Brindisi (I) IRR
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 19
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
in Jul 02 1 N.N. Kurdistan stowaway, found dead in a lorry on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Brindisi (I) IRR
27/6/02 5 N.N. Somalia drowned, boat bringing them from Turkey to Kos (GR) sank near Datca (TR) VK/MNS/HRFT/IRR
27/06/02 6 N.N. Somalia reportedly drowned, boat from Turkey to Kos (GR) sank near Datca (TR) VK/MNS/HRFT/IRR
24/06/02 1 Mubarek Yagderi (32) Afghanistan died when taxi driver made car accident in attempt to escape (TR-GR) border police HRFT
24/06/02 1 N.N. (2) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, fell off overloaded rubber boat after it collided against rocks near Spain MNS
23/06/02 1 Tina (3) China/Iran died after lack of medical treatment in asylum seeker centre Vught (NL) NRC
19/06/02 1 Sillih Peder (23) Bangladesh shot by security forces when trying to enter Turkey near Aslanyazi HRFT/ProAsyl
19/06/02 1 Cahir (28) Bangladesh shot by security forces when trying to enter Turkey near Aslanyazi HRFT
19/6/02 3 N.N. Africans drowned when boat capsized near Canary Island Lanzarote (E) MNS
15/06/02 10 N.N. (young men) unknown drowned, forced to swim to a ship which would have carried them from TN to I Spits/MNS/MN/TL
12/6/02 1 N.N. (man) Russia reportedly drowned when canoe capsized on the way from France to Great Britain CARF/IRR
11/06/02 1 N.N. Pakistan drowned, corpse was found at the shore of Menderes district (TR) HRFT
10/6/02 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after boat sank near Antigua (Canary Islands, E) MNS
10/06/02 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found off the coast of Tuineje (Fuerteventura, E) MNS
08/06/02 1 N.N. Kurdistan drowned when smugglers forced them to swim ashore near Puglia (I) HRFT
08/06/02 4 N.N. Kurdistan reportedly drowned when smugglers forced them to swim ashore near Puglia (I) HRFT/ECRE/Vita/TL
08/06/02 1 N.N. Pakistan drowned, dead body found at the shore of Menderes district (TR) HRFT
05/06/02 1 N.N. unknown Kurd, shot death during fight between illegal immigrants in refugee camp in Calais (F) VK/SP
29/05/02 4 N.N. Pakistan found dead on beach of Maydanoz in Izmir province in Western Turkey Spits/MNS/HRFT
29/05/02 1 Hamid Mahmut Pakistan found dead on beach of Maydanoz in Izmir province in Western Turkey Human Rights Foundation Turkey
26/05/02 1 N.N. (boy) Moroccan died in attempt to enter Melilla (E/MA), got trapped in frontier fence and suffocated MNS
23/5/02 1 Hiva Fazil Emin (32) Iraq died when lorry with 35 refugees inside turned over near Köprüköy (TR) HRFT
22/05/02 1 Hidir Akay Turkey shot to death on a vessel near Cyprus by Turkish coast guards, on way to Italy MNS/Vivre/Parool/HRFT
16/05/02 1 N.N. (±30, man) West Africa stowaway, found dead in the wheelarch of a flight from Ghana to Great Britain. IRR
15/05/02 1 N.N. (±30, man) West Africa stowaway found in undercarriage of plane from Accra (Ghana) at Heathrow (GB) Telegraph
13/05/02 11 N.N. (2 children) Kurdistan Kurds, drowned when boat capsized crossing river Sava between HR and BH MNS/HRFT
13/05/02 1 Muhittin Ay Kurdistan Kurd, drowned when boat capsized crossing river Sava between Croatia and Bosnia MNS/HRFT/NCAs
12/5/02 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, found in Deuil-la-Barre (F) reportedly fell from airplane wheel-bay MNS
11/5/02 1 Forsina Makoni (79, woman) Zimbabwe suicide, set fire to herself after her asylum claim was refused Socialist Worker/NCADC/IRR
10/05/02 6 N.N. (men, women) unknown drowned when their boat capsized off the Spanish coastline IRR
10/05/02 7 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned when their boat capsized off the Spanish coast IRR
07/05/02 1 Shiraz Pir (25, man) Pakistan suicide, found hanged in Bristol (GB), after his asylum claim was refused NCADC/CARF/IRR/ERB/BBC
in May 02 1 John Jackson (18) Tanzania jumped off a ship in the Corinthian Gulf (GR) died several hours later in a hospital IRR
in May 02 1 N.N. Tanzania reported missing after he jumped off a ship in the Corinthian Gulf (GR) IRR
in May 02 10 N.N. Afghanistan died of cold, dead bodies were discovered by police in the area of Kaldiran (TR) IRR
in May 02 5 N.N. Pakistan died from cold, dead bodies were discovered near Menteres (TR) IRR
in May 02 9 N.N. (minors) Afghanistan died of hypothermia, found dead by police in the area of Kaldiran (TR) IRR
24/04/02 11 N.N. (10 men, 1 women) Africa drowned, when boat smashed into reefs near the Canary Island of Lanzarote (E) AFP/ARI/VK/StGallerTagblatt/BBC
17/4/02 3 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, ship carrying immigrants turned over and sank north of Naxos (GR) AFP/IRR
17/04/02 25 N.N.(20 m, 1 w, 4 children) unknown missing, ship carrying immigrants turned over and sank north of Naxos (GR) AFP/IRR
15/04/02 1 N.N. Kurdistan Kurd, shot dead during fight between illegal immigrants in refugee camp in Calais (F) SP
14/4/02 1 N.N. (young man) Uganda stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of airplane from Uganda to London (GB) allAfrica/IRR
in Apr 02 3 N.N. Bangladesh stowaways, suffocated in lorry, thrown out on parking place near Catalca (TR) HRFT
27/03/02 1 N.N. unknown died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border AFP/MNS/AP
20/03/02 1 Sezgin Sayan (24) Turkey died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Vivre/HRFT/AP
20/03/02 1 Tahsin Esen (22) Turkey died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Vivre/HRFT/AP
15/03/02 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaway, his body got caught in the axle of a lorry from Morocco to Melilla (E/MA) MNS
12/03/02 1 Mohsen Amri (27, man) Iran suicide, in Birmingham (GB) after his asylum claim was refused NCADC/CARF/IRR
11/03/02 1 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, tried to reach Otranto (I) in a overcrowded dinghy MNS/CNN/AFP/DPA/Vita
11/03/02 6 N.N. Albania dead bodies found in Otranto (I) attached to their dinghy with a rope AFP/MNS/CNN/DPA/Statewatch/Vita
07/03/02 12 N.N. (7 men, 5 women) Nigeria, Sudan, Turkey drowned, when vessel capsized in rough sea between Lampedusa (I) and Malta VK/MN/MNS/AFP/CNN/DPA/ANP/SZ/Rheinpfalz/Statewatch/07/03/02 47 N.N. Nigeria, Sudan, Turkey reportedly drowned, missing after vessel capsized in rough sea near Malta VK/Migrant News/MNS/AFP/CNN/DPA/ANP/SZ/Rheinpfalz/in Mar 02 11 N.N. unknown drowned off Lanzarote, Canary Islands (E) after boat shipwrecked on reefs IRR
in Mar 02 1 Riaz Omar Faruq Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Syed Bilal Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Asif Javed Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Khalid Iqbal Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Ijaz Ahmad (20) Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Hussayn Shah Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
in Mar 02 1 Muhammad Riaz India picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS
20/2/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown crushed to death by a train inside the Channel-tunnel on his way to Great-Britain MNS/AP/IRR
20/02/02 3 N.N. (men) Africa drowned, trying to swim from Morocco to Melilla (E/MA) MNS/MUGAK
20/02/02 1 Nariman Tahmasebi (27, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Lewes Prison (GB) IRR
18/2/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, fell from a train in the Channel-Tunnel between France and GB APMNS/IRR
17/2/02 1 Seval Sebahtin Rasin (26) unknown beaten to death by border police when trying to cross the Bulgarian-Turkish border AI
15/2/02 1 B.H. (74, woman) Iraq suicide, hanged herself because of bad conditions in asylum centre near Allbruck (D) SAGA/ARI/IRR
12/02/02 1 Furat Orak (22) Turkey Kurd, suicide, shot himself to death after deportation from Germany to Turkey ARI
12/02/02 4 N.N. Africa drowned, vessel capsized, bodies found near or on a beach near Cádiz (E) MNS/MUGAK
11/2/02 1 N.N. (17, boy) Iraq suicide in Red Cross Centre Copenhagen (DK), asylum application was turned down MNS/Grön Ungdom/IRR
10/02/02 9 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sahar. Afr. drowned when overloaded boat capsized near Cadiz (E) Freies Wort
9/2/02 1 Hüseyin Vurucu (40) Turkey Kurd, suicide, jumped in front of train in Stadtallendorf (D) in fear of deportation INDd/jW/IRR
04/02/02 1 N.N. unknown frozen, trying to cross the snow covered border between Bulgaria-Northern Greece MNS
03/02/02 1 N.N. unknown died in detention centre in Belgium because of medical neglect AIg
02/02/02 1 N.N. (man) Albania hit by propellor of motor boat when he jumped off the boat to swim to Italian coast Reu
01/02/02 2 N.N. (men) Morocco stowaways suffocated hidden in false compartment in bus from MA to Spain MNS
in Feb 02 1 N.N. (woman) Nigeria asylum seeker died in child birth in Dublin (IRL), hospital did not know medical history MN
in Feb 02 1 N.N. (man) Turkey Kurd, stowaway suffocated in container during crossing from Greece to North Italy NW
in Feb 02 1 Mohamad Hussein Tamana Iran suicide, in Schneckenstein asylum seekers hostel (D) in fear of deportation IRR
31/01/02 1 Najaat Alrikabi (5 months) Iraq died after being refused medical treatment in detention centre in Leusden (NL) NRC
26/01/02 1 N.N. unknown found dead in a Spanish police station MUGAK
21/1/02 16 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, vessel capsized off the coast of Pozo Negro, Canary Isl. (E) MNS
20/01/02 1 Karim Tujali (man) Iran executed after being deported to Iran by Turkish police IRAINC
19/01/02 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, electrocuted when train passed under power lines near Frethun (F) MNS/AP/Telegraaf/MUGAK
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 20
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
12/01/02 1 Metin Güngör (18) unknown shot death when he tried to cross border between Turkey and Iran HRFT
12/01/02 1 Hasan Kalkan (15) unknown shot when he tried to cross border between Turkey and Iran HRFT
09/01/02 1 Ali Muhammet Musa El Decil Iraq frozen to death trying to cross Turkish-Greek border illegally near Edirne (TR) HRFT
04/01/02 1 Mohammad Hussein (25) Iran suicide, hangs himself in the shower of refugee centre Schneckenstein (D) ARI
in 2002 4 N.N. unknown drowned trying to cross the Iranian-Turkish border near Örtülü (TR) HRFT
in Jan 02 1 N.N. Somalia drowned, forced by smugglers to cross river March (SK-A) by swimming Der Standard
in Jan 02 19 N.N. (9 children) Afghanistan died of hypothermia, found dead in mountains near Turkish-Iranian border Spits/VK/MNS/HRFT/BBC/NCAs/IstitutoInnocenti/NCAs
01/01/02 1 Souleyman Diallo (28, man) Guinea suicide, jumped off a bridge in Tyneside (GB) in fear of deportation CARF/IRR/NCADC/ERB
in 2002 4 N.N. North Africa drowned, dead bodies discovered by Spanish police near Cabo de Gata (E) ANP/AFP
01/01/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown electrocuted on top of a train in the Channel Tunnel heading for the GB IRR
27/12/01 1 N.N (young man) Algeria drowned, trying to clandestinely get onboard a merchant ship anchored near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS
23/12/01 4 N.N. Iraq died in minefield in Northern Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/AP
17/12/01 4 N.N. Africa drowned, found dead on a beach in Punta Aceituno, Canary Islands (E) MNS/MUGAK
12/12/01 1 N.N. (man) Gambia found dead in a Spanish police station while in detention MUGAK
11/12/01 4 N.N. (young men) Romania stowaways, found dead inside container in port Livorno (I) on way to Canada MNS/AFP/NCADC/DPA/NCADC
11/12/01 2 N.N. (man, woman) unknown stowaways, died inside cargo container on vessel on way from Italy to Canada MNS/AFP
09/12/01 7 N.N. Maghreb reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK
8/12/01 1 Kadriye Kalendergil, (28) Turkey Kurdish stowaway suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE/8/12/01 1 Kalender Kalendergil (16) Turkey Kurdish stowaway suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
8/12/01 1 Zelida Kalendergil (10) Turkey Kurdish stowaway suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
8/12/01 1 Ms. Guler (32) Turkey Kurdish stowaways suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
8/12/01 1 Guler (boy) Turkey Kurdish stowaways suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
8/12/01 1 Guler (minor) Turkey Kurdish stowaways suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
08/12/01 2 N.N. (men) Turkey Kurdish stowaways suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RTE
in Dec 01 2 N.N. Afghanistan drowned trying to reach Greece from Turkey with a dinghy AFP
in Dec 01 4 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, trying to reach Greece from Turkey with a dinghy AFP
in Dec 01 2 N.N. (men) Iraq Kurds, drowned in Southern Adriatic (I) being dumped in sea by smugglers IRR
in Dec 01 1 N.N. (woman) Iraq Kurd, pregnant, drowned in Southern Adriatic (I) being dumped in sea by smugglers IRR
in Dec 01 1 N.N. (young man) Morocco drowned, trying to swim from deserted Island ashore near Aegean coast (TR) WB
28/11/01 1 N.N. (baby) Kosovo pneumonia, after insufficient medical care waiting for place in ref. camp in Austria Rosa Antifa
28/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, thrown off a boat near Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK
25/11/01 1 Joseph Crentsil (39) Ghana fell from 3rd floor in London (GB) as immigration officials attempted to detain him CARF/NCADC/IRR
25/11/01 1 N.N. (30, man) Cameroon stowaway, died of hypothermia in ramp of cargo ship between Ivory Coast//NL AmsStadsblad/VK
25/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, found floating off the coast of Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK
22/11/01 1 Ricky Bishop (25, man) unknown died in police custody (Brixton-GB) after being arrested, handcuffed and assaulted. IRR/INDgb
9/11/01 1 Ngoz-Dung Hoang (41) Vietnam suicide, jumped from building in Berlin (D) in fear of deportation ARI
07/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Sudan drowned near Bodrum in Turkey when smugglers boat capsized VK
07/11/01 12 N.N. (men) Nigeria drowned, when vessel capsized near Bodrum at South-West cost of Turkey MNS/VK/AFP
6/11/01 5 N.N. Sudan drowned, when vessel capsized near the South-West coast of Turkey MNS/DPA
06/11/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown hit by a car while escaping police who forced Afghani/Pakistani refugees into a bus DPA
in Nov 01 1 N.N. (woman) Ecuador died trying to escape out of a hospital window in Milan (I) having no correct papers IRR
30/10/01 1 N.N. (boy) unknown stowaway, fallen from lorry and rolled onto motorway from B to Calais (F) MNS
28/10/01 1 N.N. (boy) North Africa stowaway, crushed by trailer of lorry he hid under going from MA to Algeciras (E) MNS/MUGAK
25/10/01 1 N.N. (28, man) Georgia drowned, near Guben (D) trying to swim accross river Neisse (PL-D) ARI
23/10/01 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar, in attempt to swim to Spain from MA MUGAK
18/10/01 1 Omid Jamil Ali (21, man) Kurdistan died after jumping off a bridge onto a train at the French end of Channel Tunnel IRR
15/10/01 1 N.N. (27, woman) unknown died from exhaustion in hold of vessel from Turkey to Italy, reportedly pregnant Reu
30/09/01 1 N.N. (±30, man) unknown died in minefield in Northern Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS
19/9/01 1 Hamid Bakiri (30) Algeria suicide, hanged himself in a police cell in Les Grisons (CH) for fear of deportation MNS/IRR
19/9/01 1 Samuel Yeboah (m) Ghana died after a fire in the refugee centre in Saarlouis-Fraulautern (D) Indymedia,SFR
12/9/01 3 N.N. (men) unknown drowned decomposing bodies washed ashore in Cabestrante in El Ejido (E) MNS/ODP
09/09/01 13 N.N. Morocco drowned, bodies washed ashore near Rabat (MA) after shipwreck MNS/AP/IRR/ODP
09/09/01 41 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, missing after shipwreck near Rabat (MA) MNS/AP/IRR/ODP
06/09/01 2 N.N. unknown stowaway, found dead in a cargo ship in Sevilla (E) ODP
05/09/01 5 N.N. unknown drowned in the attempt to swim to the beach of the Greek island of Evia DPA
in Sep 01 5 N.N. unknown died during boat trip on old defective vessel from Turkey to Greece DPA
23/08/01 9 N.N. Africa drowned, thrown overboard by smugglers near Canary Island of Lobos (E) MNS/AP
22/08/01 4 N.N. unknown drowned, forced to swim ashore in Almería (E) but did not know how to swim MNS/AP
21/8/01 1 Nasser Ahmed (36, man) Eritrea suicide, found hanged in Nelson (GB), after his asylum claim was refused MNS/IRR/CARF/NCADC
20/08/01 1 N.N. (young man) North Africa drowned on her way to Spain, found north of Cabo de Tres Forcas (MA) MNS
20/08/01 1 N.N. (±20, man) Kosovo drowned, jumped overboard from a ferry near Dover (GB) during deportation CARF/IRR/MNS
19/08/01 2 N.N. Africa drowned when boat sank off Fuerteventura (Canary Island, E) MNS
19/08/01 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat sank off Fuerteventura (Canary Island, E) MNS
18/08/01 1 N.N. unknown body found during police operations near the coasts of Tarifa, Ceuta and Fuertev. (E) OBP
13/8/01 2 N.N. (minors) Africa decaying bodies found in the hold of Panamanian vessel in La Coruna (E) MNS
9/8/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near the beach of Bolonia in Tarifa (E) MNS/ODP
09/08/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco found dead while in police custody in Ceuta (E/MA) ODP
08/08/01 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat was found drifting (E) ODP
03/08/01 1 Johnson O. (19) Nigeria jumped from court house window in Vienna (A), asylum claim had been rejected MNS/Malmoe
in Aug 01 1 N.N. (young man) Africa drowned, reportedly his boat capsized and sunk near Fuerteventura (E) SZ
22/07/01 1 N.N. (woman) Africa asylum seeker, died as result of conditions of detention in Turkey MNS
19/07/01 1 Nguyen Thi Nga (34) Vietnam fell from window in refugee centre in Mespelbrunn (D) for fear of deportation ARI
16/07/01 1 N.N. (man) India shot dead by Turkish border police (TR/Syria) when refugees bus refused to stop NW
15/07/01 4 N.N. Maghreb drowned, vessel collided with rocks near Tarifa (E) attempting to escape police MNS/ODP
15/7/01 2 N.N. Maghreb died after inhalation of toxic chemicals inside small boat near Tarifa (E) MNS/ODP
13/07/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found on a beach in Tarifa (E) Statewatch/MUGAK
10/07/01 2 N.N. India drowned near Southern Sicily (I) likely being dumped in sea by smugglers MNS/NW DPA/Vita/TL
10/7/01 2 N.N. North Africa drowned near Southern Sicily (I) likely being dumped in sea by smugglers MNS/NW DPA/Vita/TL
05/07/01 1 N.N. (woman) Georgia frozen, trying to cross the snow covered border between Bulgaria and Northern Greece MNS
04/07/01 1 N.N.(man) unknown drowned off the coast of Sicily (I), reportedly thrown overboard by traffickers ANSA
in Jul 01 11 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, after struggle to keep afloat in small vessel near Almeria (E) MNS
Jin ul 01 3 N.N. Africa drowned, forced to cross back over a river towards Greece by Turkish soldiers MNS
in Jul 01 15 N.N. Africa reportedly dead, forced to walk back and forth between the Turkish/Greek borders MNS
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 21
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
28/06/01 1 N.N. Africa died in a dinghy near Tarifa (E) on the way from Morocco to Spain Mugak
27/6/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died of inhalation of toxic gas of the motor of a boat on way to Spain Mugak/GARA/MNS
24/6/01 1 N.N. (woman) unknown suicide of asylum seeker in Gimo reception Centre (S) MNS
16/6/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, jumped in sea from vessel when detected and hit his head on his way to Spain MNS
14/6/01 1 Mohammed Ayaz (21, man) Pakistan stowaway, fell in carpark in Richmond from wheelbay of plane Bahrein-London (GB) OBV/IRR
14/06/01 6 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan drowned when vessel hit a rocky islet near Mykonos (GR) and sank MNS
14/06/01 4 N.N. (3 children) Iraq/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, when vessel hit a rocky islet near Mykonos (GR) and sank MNS
14/6/01 1 N.N. (man) Pakistan stowaway, frozen to death in wheelbay on flight from Bahrein to Heatrow airport (GB) MNS
12/6/01 1 N.N. (young man) North Africa drowned, body washed ashore on the coast of Tarifa (E) Mugak/Gara
11/06/01 17 N.N. (men) India reportedly drowned, trying to cross the river Morava, border between CZ/SK AP/IRR/Der Standard
11/6/01 1 N.N. (man) India drowned, trying to cross the river Morava, border between Czechia and Slovakia AP/IRR/Der Standard
11/6/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa reportedly drowned on his way to Spain, found on a beach in Tarifa (E) MNS/ELM/PUB
11/06/01 5 N.N. Albania drowned when raft sank near Puglia (I) MNS
10/06/01 12 N.N. Albania drowned after dinghy loaded with migrants sunk near Trani (I) IRR/Vita/TL/LS
in Jun 01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned, found at the beach of Banhos Árabes near Bolonia/Cadiz (E) PUB
30/5/01 15 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, near Fuerte Ventura (E) after patrol boat intercepted vessel MNS/IRR/Mugak/EP/AFP
29/5/01 1 N.N. (25, man) Yugoslavia died of severe burns after fire in asylum seekers centre in Werdau (D) ARI
24/5/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned near Cadiz (E) when small boat capsized MNS/ELM
24/05/01 1 N.N. (young man) Africa reportedly drowned, found dead on beach near Melilla (E/MA) MNS
23/05/01 1 N.N. Nigeria suicide, found hanging after arrest in Soto del Real (E) Mugak
22/05/01 2 N.N. (25-30, men) unknown died in marked minefield, crossed into Greece from Turkey via Evros river Athens News Agency
21/05/01 3 N.N. unknown died in minefield in Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border DPA/Athens News Agency
21/5/01 1 Shurat Tamo (14) Iraq Kurd, suicide in refugee centre De Lier (NL) after rejection of asylum application PRIME
13/05/01 1 N.N. (20) Iran found in wheelbay of Iranian plane at Teheran airport trying to reach Europe Reu
12/5/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco dead body found near Tarifa (E) Mugak
09/05/01 1 N.N. unknown died in a dinghy on the way from Morocco to Tarifa (E) Mugak
09/05/01 1 N.N. North Africa dead body is discovered after 188 migrants were intercepted near Tarifa (E) Mugak
8/5/01 1 N.N. (45) Morocco found dead at coast near Tarifa (E) trying to cross Strait of Gibraltar NW/Mugak/ELM/ DiarioVasco
06/05/01 3 N.N. Somalia killed in car accident, car fell into river in north-west Romania heading for H MNS/IRR
01/05/01 1 Samson Chukwu (27, man) Nigeria died in Granges (CH), suffocated during deportation to Nigeria AugenAuf/CCSI/SOS-CH/BAZ/LeTemps/AI/MNS/NOB/in May 01 1 Sinnathamby Thevathasan, 33 Sri Lanka died of cardiac problems, after fleeing from Germany to France for fear of deportation ARI
18/4/01 1 N.N. (25, man) Vietnam fell into a water filled quarry near Putzkau (D/CZ) trying to escape police control EIS/NW/LausitzerRundschau/FreiePresse/MNS/IRR/ARI
17/04/01 3 N.N. (2 women, 1 man) Georgia frozen to death at Belles mountain (BG/GR) trying to walk to Greece MNS
17/04/01 1 N.N. (man) Ghana frozen to death at Belles mountain (BG/GR) trying to walk to Greece MNS
12/4/01 1 N.N. (young man) Afghanistan electrocuted trying to get on board clandestinely a Eurostar train at Calais (F) MNS
6/4/01 1 N.N. (30) North Africa died of falling from a cliff trying to flee from the Guardia Civil near Tarifa (E) MNS/Mugak/EP
29/03/01 1 Yusuf Isler Turkey skeleton found in minefield between Greek-Turkish border ProAsyl
29/03/01 1 Adnan Cevik (26) Turkey expelled Turk, died in minefield at GR/TR border returning to Germany after torture ProAsyl
28/3/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown body found at beach near Tarifa (E) reportedly drowned while trying to swim ashore MNS/AP
27/03/01 1 N.N. (17, man) unknown died after being hit by a truck while leaving Drunten detention centre (NL) in confused state NOS
24/3/01 2 N.N. (1 man, 1 woman) Kurdistan died when boat of Italian navy crushed their boat in the Canal Otranto (I) GARA
23/03/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa stowaway, found dead on motorway near Darro (E) preportedly fallen from lorry MNS
23/3/01 1 N.N. (30, man) North Africa drowned on his way to E, found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) EP/GARA
22/03/01 1 N.N. (40, man) Guinea killed by Morroccan refugee who did not want to be deported from jail in Almeria (E) GARA
21/3/01 1 N.N. (±25) Maghreb drowned after boat was crushed, bodies washed ashore on beach near Tarifa (E) MNS/DiarioVasco/Gara
21/03/01 7 N.N. (men) unknown drowned on their way to Spain, found near Tarifa (E) Gara
21/03/01 2 N.N. (women) Maghreb drowned, found dead on beach near Tarifa (E) after boat was collided MNS/DiarioVasco/Gara
21/03/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, found dead on beach near Tarifa (E), after boat was collided MNS/Diario Vasco/Gara
16/03/01 1 N.N. (man) Iraq drowned near the coast of Melilla (E/MA) after being forced overboard by smuggler MNS/EP
05/03/01 1 N.N. (29) Morocco stowaway, found dead near Madrid (E) in container coming from Casablanca (MA) MNS
04/03/01 2 N.N. North Africa drowned after shipwreck occured 1 month before, bodies found near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP
in Mar 01 1 N.N. (man) Turkey kurd, rejected asylum seeker shot trying to escape police in Jönköping (S) MNS
22/02/01 1 N.N. (2, girl) Pakistan died after insufficiant medical care at asylum seekers centre Waddingxveen (NL) MNS
19/2/01 1 Tommy Klen Mayola (19, man) Congo stowaway, froze to death in wheelbay on flight from Gatwick (GB) to USA NCADC/INexile/Telegraph/IRR
19/02/01 1 N.N. (29, man) Iran died in refugee centre in Wien, stabbed during a massive fight not stopped by guards YaN
10/2/01 2 N.N. (young men) North Africa bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) GARA
05/02/01 10 N.N. (young men) North Africa drowned near Tarifa (E) when small boat capsized trying to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco
05/02/01 1 N.N. (woman) Maghreb drowned near Tarifa (E) after small boat capsized in attempt to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco
05/02/01 1 N.N. (10, boy) Maghreb drowned near Tarifa (E) after small boat capsized trying to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco
05/02/01 1 N.N.(17-18,man) Maghreb drowned near Tarifa (E) after small boat capsized trying to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco
in Feb 01 2 N.N China murdered after they failed to pay smugglers on their way from Hungary to Austria IRR
in Feb 01 1 Idris Demir Turkey Kurd, rejected asylum seeker shot by policeman in Jönköping (S) trying to escape IRR/MNS
01/02/01 1 N.N. (±30, man) Iraq stowaway, hit mortally trying to jump on freight train through Channel tunnel(GB/F) MNS/IRR
25/01/01 7 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat missing after drifting off Spanish coast near Almeria (E) MNS
22/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned after reportedly colliding border guard patrol ship near Tarifa GARA
21/01/01 6 N.N. North Africa 1 body found, 5 reportedly drowned after small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS
20/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Kosova stowaway, found on ferry from Oostende (B) to Dover (GB), jumped from ship IRR/NCADC
18/01/01 1 Shokrolah Khaleghi (27, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in asylum hostel in Leicester (GB) after his asylum claim was refused CARF/MNS/Statewatch/IRR/NCADC/IRN
12/1/01 1 N.N. (63, man) Libanon died of severe burns after fire in asylum seekers centre in Eschwege (D) ARI
10/1/01 1 Renat Istanderov (25) Kazhakstan suicide for fear of forced deportation from Belgium MNS
06/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, arts found on the beach of Bolonia, Tarifa (E) Gara/Diario Vasco
03/01/01 12 N.N. (8 men, 4 women) Ecuador irregular migrant workers, died in van accident near Murcia (E) MNS
in Jan 01 1 N.N. (20) West Africa suicide, hang himself from a bed sheet in deportation custody in Schaffhausen (CH) CARF/IRR
in 2001 2 N.N. Tunesia stowaways, found suffocated in the hull of a ship in Brindisi (I) IRR
01/01/01 25 N.N. unknown stowaways, reportedly drowned when freighter sunk in stormy sea near Antalya (TR) DPA/Reu/MNS/Morgengr./MN/NW/LaOpinión
in 2001 1 Khorany Abdulhablb Afganistan drowned in Aegean sea on its way from Turkey to the Greek island Lesbos (GR) Den Blanken
in 2001 5 N.N. Afganistan drowned in Aegean sea on their way from Turkey to the Greek island Lesbos (GR) Den Blanken
in 2001 1 Gevour Gworkiyan (20) Armenia suicide, jumped in front of train in Den Bosch (NL) PRIME
01/01/01 6 N.N. India, Pakistan stowaways, drowned when ship sunk in stormy waters near Antalya (TR) La Opinión
31/12/00 1 N.N. (23, woman) Bulgaria froze to death at Belles mountain (GR/BG) trying to reach Greece illegally MNS
27/12/00 1 N.N. (30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia in the mountains near Ceuta (E/MA) on his way to Spain DiarioVasco
25/12/00 1 Michael Fonseca (16) Cuba stowaway, fell out of undercarriage of British Airways plane near Gatwick airport (GB) MNS/Parool/Telegraph
24/12/00 1 A. Vazquez Rodriguez (17) Cuba stowaway, fell out of undercarriage of British Airways plane near Gatwick airport (GB) MNS/Parool/Telegraph
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 22
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
21/12/00 2 N.N. Albania burned alive in car crash near Thessaloniki (GR) trying to enter Greece illegally MNS
21/12/00 1 N.N. Iraq Kurd, drowned after being forced overboard by smuggler near Otranto (I) MNS/ELM
21/12/00 2 N.N. (1 man, 1 woman) unknown reportedly drowned, forced off by smuggler near Otranto (I), woman was pregnant MNS/ELM
21/12/00 1 N.N. North Africa drowned, found on beach of Bolonia (E) MNS
21/12/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Tarifa (E) trying to reach Spain ELM/EP
21/12/00 1 Saeed Alaei (26, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Nelson, Lancashire (GB) after his asylum claim was refused CARF/IRR/NCADC
19/12/00 1 Rasoul Mavali Iran suicide, hanged himself after having received deportation order (NL) IFIR
18/12/00 1 Ebune Christian Ecole (30,man) Cameroon died of heart failure during deportation from Budapest International Airport (H) Reu/UNHCR/MNS/MGHR/IRR/HHC/MUGAK/NCADC
17/12/00 2 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, found dead near Tarifa (E) ELM
16/12/00 1 E.H.T. (24 ) Morocco reportedly drowned, found at beach near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP
16/12/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found at beach near Algeciras (E) MNS
16/12/00 1 N.N. (minor) Algeria died of cold and exhaustion after having reached the coast of Ceuta swimming (E/MA) MNS/ELM/ DiarioVasco
16/12/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, found dead at the coast near Tarifa (E) in advanced state of decomposition ELM
15/12/00 1 N.N. (32, man) China suicide, jumped out of train window near railway station Thyrow (D) ARI
15/12/00 27 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat with 27 people sank off near Gulf of Almería (E) ELM/GARA
14/12/00 2 N.N. (minors) North Africa drowned, found dead near the coast of Tarifa (E) MNS
14/12/00 1 N.N. (minor) North Africa drowned, found dead in Spanish territorial waters near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS
11/12/00 1 Gebeyehu E. (33) Ethiopia suicide, for fear of deportation in Kriftelk (D), authorities denied his psychotic condition IRR
9/12/00 3 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned after their boat was crushed on the way to Spain, found near Cadiz (E) Diario Vasco
8/12/00 1 A. Subramaniam (17, man) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged himself with shoelaces in detention centre Hannover-Langenhagen (D) Morgengr./Statewatch/FR-NieSa/ProAsyl/IRR/HRS
08/12/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near Ceuta (E/MA) DiariodeNoticias
6/12/00 1 Mohamed Said Ahattach (17) Morocco run over by truck on N-340 near San Roque (E) after disembarking illegaly from dinghy EP/ELM
5/12/00 1 Saulius Gonta (19) Lithuania reportedly fell out of a truck in front of a car near El Ejido (E) EP
4/12/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died of toxic gas near Tarifa (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat MNS/ELM
04/12/00 1 N.N.(±30, man) Africa reportedly drowned, found in Spanish territorial waters near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS/GARA/ELM
4/12/00 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, dead bodies found on a beach near Castillejos (E) ELM/GARA/MNS
03/12/00 1 Abdelhadi Lamhamdi (23) Morocco shot dead on beach of Tarifa, Cadiz (E) by police while disembarking small boat EP/ELM/LV/MNS/Diario/VSF/MUGAK
3/12/00 1 Kwuami Aziaku Prempe (42) Togo suicide, hangs himself in his house in Salzwedel (D) for fear of deportation ARI
in Dec 00 1 N.N. Sri Lanka died of exhaustion in desert crossing the Russian-Kazakh border on way to Germany MNS
in Dec 00 1 N.N. (man) Bosnia stowaway, died by asphyxiation trying to enter Sweden illegally in boot of car MNS
01/12/00 1 Hossein (30) Bangladesh asylum seeker, committed suicide in Stockholm (S) in desperation Nätverket mot rasism
in Dec 00 3 N.N. (2 men, 1 pregn. woman) Africa drowned, dead bodies found near Ceuta (E/MA) VSF
in Dec 00 1 N.N. unknown drowned on his way to Spain, found near Ceuta (E/MA) DiariodeNoticias
in Dec 00 1 N.N. (25, man) Rwanda no medical care, seriously ill in border prison Amsterdam South-East (NL) VK
28/11/00 1 Samuel Bardhi (6 month) Kosovo died of pneumonia in Kärnten (A), dispute of responsibility within government RosaAntifa/Format/DerStandard/DieGrünen/DPA/Malmoe
25/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Sierra Leone floating near Ceuta (E/MA), drowned trying to enter Spanish fortified enclave by water MNS
17/11/00 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, died after he was run over by the lorry he was hiding in in Dover (GB) IRR
15/11/00 2 N.N. (men) Bangladesh shot by Turkish border guards trying to enter Turkey illegally from Iran MNS
11/11/00 1 N.N. (±27, man) unknown drowned on his way to Spain, body found dead near Tarifa (E) DiarioVasco
9/11/00 1 Hajzer Mehmeti Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC
9/11/00 1 Agron Mehmeti (15) Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC
9/11/00 1 Istref Bajrami Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC
9/11/00 1 Isuf Ahmeti Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC
05/11/00 6 N.N. Turkey reportedly drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) when small boat capsized MNS
in Nov 00 2 N.N. Tunesia drowned attempting to swim 23 km to Patelleria (I) after their small boat capsized IRR
1/11/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned, found dead near Tarifa (E), trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar MNS
01/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Albania leader of a group of refugees in border town Florina shot dead by Greek police MNS
01/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania died after car accident, trying to escape border guards near Reitzenhain (CZ-D) ARI
01/11/00 1 Bledar Qosku (23) Albania fatally injured by border guard in Messopotamia area of Kastoria (GR-AL border) GHM/OMCT
30/10/00 3 N.N. (man) North Africa found dead off coast near Ragusa (I), reportedly thrown overboard by traffickers MNS
30/10/00 1 Halil Aygun Kurdistan killed by border guards, caught trying to escape from bordercamp Szombathely (H) MLKO
29/10/00 1 Arman A. (2) Armenia burned in fire in refugee centre in Hamburg (D) ARI
29/10/00 1 Atak A. (3) Armenia burned in fire in refugee centre in Hamburg (D) ARI
26/10/00 1 N.N. (man) Iraq kurdish stowaway, found suffocated in container of Greek ship MNS
24/10/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead on beach near Tarifa (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar MNS
24/10/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead on beach near Almeria (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar MNS
22/10/00 3 N.N. (men) Moldova/Romania died in van accident near Thessalonoki (GR) MNS
18/10/00 5 N.N. (men) Iraq kurds, found dead at edge of motorway, Foggia (I) reportedly suffocated in van MNS/IRR
18/10/00 1 Mustafa Amir (22) Iraq kurd, found dead at edge of motorway near Foggia (I) reportedly suffocated in van MNS
13/10/00 1 Ferrid Xhevdet (25) Albania died in isolation cell of detention centre Steenokerzeel (B) after trying to escape MRAX/MNS/Statewatch/IRR
4/10/00 1 N.N. (man) India stowaway, died when lorry hit a bridge near Cheb (CZ) VK/taz/NOS teletext/DPA
2/10/00 1 N.N. (29, man) Russia sans-papier, jumped out of fast driving train in (D), afraid of deportation DPA/IRR
29/09/00 1 N.N. (21, man) Pakistan stowaway, froze to dead in wheelbay of Lufthansa airplane at Frankfurt (D) airport taz/IRR/ARI/BBC
19/09/00 1 N.N. (13, boy) Bosnia suicide, jumped from church tower in Villach (A) afraid of deportation der Standard
16/9/00 2 N.N. (men) India stowaways, suffocated in container on ship in the harbour of Korinthos (GR) taz/IRN
05/09/00 2 N.N. (1 man, 1 woman) Africa drowned in Moroccan territorial waters, trying to reach Spain in small boat MNS/GARA
05/09/00 7 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned in Moroccan territorial waters, on way to Spain MNS/GARA
03/09/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near Bahia Plata (E) Mugak
01/09/00 2 N.N. Turkey killed in minefield on Greek-Turkish border trying to cross illegally MNS
30/8/00 1 Altankov Dagwasoundel (28) Mongolia fell to death from 6th floor window, trying to escape detention in Berlin Köpenick (D) ARI/FRBer/Liga für Mr./MNS/taz
29/08/00 1 N.N. Turkey killed in minefield on Greek-Turkish border trying to cross illegally MNS
29/08/00 7 N.N. (4 men, 3 children) Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS/AFP/taz/IFIR
29/8/00 5 N.N. Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS/AFP/taz/IFIR
28/08/00 5 N.N. unknown drowned, when fisher boat sank near Isola Capo Rizzuto (I) IRR
28/8/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Genschmar German Government
26/08/00 7 N.N. (men) Iraq, Afgh., Iran drowned near Kos (GR), when small boat capsized AFP/AP/BBC
26/08/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned near Kos (GR), when small boat capsized AFP/AP/BBC
26/08/00 16 N.N. Iraq, Afgh., Iran missing, reportedly drowned near Kos (GR), after small boat capsized AFP/AP/BBC
13/08/00 4 N.N. unknown drowned, dinghy sunk decomposing bodies washed ashore in Almería (E) InformeRaxen
12/08/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead floating near Almeria (E) reportedly trying to reach Spain MNS
8/8/00 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, reportedly forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Bari (I) taz/MNS
08/08/00 2 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Bari (I) MNS
07/08/00 1 N.N. (man) Iraq died of injuries, jumping out of police van near Györ (H) trying to escape deportation AFP
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 23
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
06/08/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, crushed to death in back of a truck on his way to Spain Mugak
05/08/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead, reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain MNS/Mugak/EP
5/8/00 32 N.N. unknown drowned, when ship sank near Tanger (E), authorities did not help in rescue Mugak
in Aug 00 24 N.N. Turkey drowned when Turkish boat with 31 immigrants capsized in the Aegean Sea ICARE
in Aug 00 1 N.N. unknown found dead, reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain MNS
30/07/00 1 fetus (±6 months) Sierra Leone unborn baby died after bad treatment of mother at Roissy airport (F) MNS
30/07/00 1 Jasmin Mohamad Ali (29) Iraq suicide, laid down in the middle of a highway in Germany for fear of deportation ARI
27/07/00 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, missing near Arinaga (E) trying to go to Spain from Morocco Mugak
24/7/00 2 N.N. (men) Kurdistan drowned, after falling into the Adriatic Sea (I) in a collision with a police boat MNS/VK
24/07/00 2 N.N. (1 woman, 1 man) Africa found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain taz/MNS/VK
24/07/00 2 N.N. (men) North Africa found near Ceuta (E/MA), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/VK
23/07/00 1 N.N. (±22, woman) Morocco found dead near Ceuta (E/MA), drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/DiariodeNavarra/EP/Mugak
23/07/00 1 N.N. (young man) Morocco drowned near Algeciras (E) after shipwreck of a boat carrying other 36 migrants DiariodeNoticias/EP
22/07/00 2 N.N. unknown found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/VK
18/7/00 1 N.N. (young woman) unknown drowned, found floating in state of decomposition near the coast of Barbate (E) MNS
17/07/00 1 Mahalil Silva Shri Lanka died, kept on Lanarca airport (CY) for 11 days while being denied proper medical care ISAGC
13/7/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned near Bojador, Canary Islands (E) ELM/Mugak/ABC/Raz
13/07/00 13 N.N. (man) unknown reportedly drowned near Bojador, Canary Islands (E) ELM/Mugak/ABC/Raz
10/7/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Groß Breesen German Government
8/7/00 1 Negmiye Beraj (10 month, child) Kosovo died, left alone on Italian shore by trafficker fleeing approaching police MNS/IRR
in Jul 00 1 N.N. Africa found dead in Fuerteventura (E), reportedlydrowned trying to reach the Canary Isl. VK
in Jul 00 2 N.N. Africa found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain VK
23/06/00 1 Pat (22, woman) Nigeria asylum seeker, committed suicide in Dublin (IRL) for fear of deportation Irish Times
19/06/00 1 Lin Rul Zhen China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Gao Yue Ru China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Ke Mei Zhu China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Yang Jiao Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Li Yong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Zhao Hang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Chen Xing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Sun Dao Xian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Cheng Kam Kwon China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Li Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Kuo Chien Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Xue You Jie China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Cai Fang Quing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Ni Yan Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Yi Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Gao Jun Wei China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Zheng Bo Ying China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Guo Liang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/OpenGrenzen/19/06/00 1 Cao Xiang Ping China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Chen Xing Zhong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 He Chang Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Xue Di Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Cao Xian Xin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Jiang Jan Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Gui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Jiang Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/OpenGrenzen/19/06/00 1 Lin De Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Chen Yi Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Li Zheng Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Kun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/OpenGrenzen/19/06/00 1 He Yu Yuan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Tong Hui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Tong Yong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Ke Yong Min China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Ye Qi Ban China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Dong Ti Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Li Xiao Xiang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Weng Rui Ping China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Fa Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Bing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Hui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Bin Jian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 He Hua Shun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Yang Xin Xiaun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Feng Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Yao Zhong Ai China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 He Ming Qiang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Xian Long China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/OpenGrenzen/19/06/00 1 Chen Jin Tian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Xin Chai China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Shi Wen Jie China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Ding Xiang You China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 You Long Zhong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Lin Xue Luan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Li Zhen Quan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 19/06/00 1 Guo Ting Xing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/Open 6/6/00 1 N.N. unknown drowned, forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Otranto (I) MNS/taz
04/06/00 2 N.N. Dominican Republic stowaways, found dead in undercarriage of airplane at Stockholm (S) airport taz/ICARE/Ananova/MNS
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 24
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
04/06/00 1 N.N. (39, man) Afghanistan suicide, rejected asylum seeker set himself on fire in refugee home Rüsselsheim (D) ARI
in Jun 00 2 N.N. Africa stowaways found dead on Maltese freighter, reportedly suffocated or poisoned Mugak
30/5/00 1 N.N. (young man) Morrocco died of burns and crushed head after falling from underneath lorry near Rinconcillo (E) MNS/EP
19/5/00 5 N.N. North Africa drowned when vessel sank in the Straits of Gibraltar near Tarifa (E) I Care/Town Crier
19/5/00 1 N.N. (16, girl) North Africa drowned when vessel sank in the Straits of Gibraltar near Tarifa (E) I Care/Town Crier
17/05/00 1 Hamid Sabur (5) Afghanistan asylum seeker, died due to lack of medical attention in ‘pension detention’ in Gols (A) MNS/Malmoe
14/5/00 3 N.N. (2 men, 1 woman) unknown drowned after boat carrying immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online/ABC/Raz
14/05/00 10 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly drowned after boat carrying immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online/ABC/Raz
14/5/00 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online
12/05/00 1 N.N. (30) Albania died by jumping into 300 metre deep gorge trying to flee border police in Greece MNS
12/05/00 6 N.N. (16, boy; 5 men) North Africa drowned, when dinghy hit a reef and sank near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP
10/05/00 9 N.N. Afgh./Bangl./Pak. shot by Turkish border police, trying to cross Turkish/Iranian border illegally taz/DPA/AFP
7/5/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Kienitz German Government
07/05/00 2 N.N. (men) North Africa drowned, bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) MNS
07/05/00 3 N.N. unknown drowned, when small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS
07/05/00 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS
6/5/00 1 Naimah H. Algeria committed suicide in asylum seekers transit station (detention) at Frankfurt (D) airport taz/Pax Christi/FR/IRR/MNS
5/5/00 1 Hytime Hadjari (18) Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/IRR
5/5/00 1 Sulko Yenci (25) Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/IRR
05/05/00 13 N.N. Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/LS/Vita/TL
05/05/00 3 N.N. Albania missing, reportedly drowned after collision with coast guards near Otranto (I) Giuliano News Chronicle/LS/Vita/TL
04/05/00 1 Lubomir B. (40, man) Slovakia died in police custody in Wien (A) after being arrested for illegal stay SOS/Menschenrechte/Malmoe
03/05/00 12 N.N. Africa drowned near El Ayhun (MA) after small boat capsized on way to Canaries (E) taz
02/05/00 1 Richard Ibekwe Nigeria died in a detention centre in Wien (A) after being beaten by police AFP/AHDA/I Care/Malmoe
02/05/00 1 Khouyi Mbarek (13) Morocco found dead at shore in Scicli (I), reportedly thrown overboard as stowaways Giuliano News Chronicle
02/05/00 1 N.N. Morocco found dead at shore in Scicli (I), reportedly thrown overboard as stowaways Giuliano News Chronicle
2/5/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Neiße (D/PL) near Porajow German Government
in May 00 7 N.N. Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS
in May 00 1 N.N. Morocco found dead in Cadiz (E) reportedly hit by van in which he travelled to Spain Mugak
in May 00 1 N.N. unknown drowned after boat carrying 20 immigrants sank near Tarifa (E), others missing Mugak
in May 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa semi-decomposed body, found on coast of Ceuta (E/MA) Mugak
01/05/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown died in minefield in Nea Vissa region (GR) near Turkish border MNS
30/4/00 2 N.N. (men) unknown reportedly drowned, after ship wreckage near Cadiz (E) Diario de Navarra
30/04/00 20 N.N. unknown drowned, found near Malaga (E) after ship wreckage near Cadiz (E) Diario de Navarra
30/04/00 1 N.N. unknown fell from underside truck, run over by car disembarking ferry in Algeciras (E) Diario de Navarra
30/04/00 1 N.N. Maghreb drowned, found dead 550 meters from Ceuta (E/MA) Diario de Navarra
29/04/00 20 N.N. North Africa drowned when small boat sank in storm near Tarifa (E) on way to Spain MNS
29/4/00 1 N.N. North Africa drowned, body found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) MNS
23/04/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania found dead floating in Evros river (GR/TR) reportedly trying to cross border MNS
23/4/00 1 N.N. (young woman) China stabbed to death in Netherlands by compratiot asylum seeker for fear of deportation MNS
23/4/00 1 N.N. (young woman) China suicide after killing compatriot asylum seeker in fear of deportation in NL MNS
22/04/00 1 N.N. (man) Algeria drowned, found dead 200 meters from Melilla (E/MA) EP
19/4/00 1 Kalin Mohammed Fati (26) Iraq Kurd, drowned when smugglers tried to escape border police near Italian coast Giuliano News Chronicle
15/4/00 3 N.N. (2 women, 1 man) Africa drowned (one woman pregnant) when boat sank near the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MNS/Diario Vasco/TAZ
15/4/00 5 N.N. Africa missing, reportedly drowned when boat sank near the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MNS/Diario Vasco
14/4/00 1 N.N. Ukraine reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Lebus German Government
14/4/00 2 N.N. (men) Morocco stowaways, found dead in the trailer of a truck at the port of Almeria (E) AFP/EP
13/4/00 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, drowned, jumped from ship to avoid border control in port of Genova (I) Giuliano News Chronicle/ANSA
8/4/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown crushed to death by truck in Sussex (GB) trying to immigrate to Britain illegally VK/No Pasaran/IRR/NCRM
7/4/00 1 Kandan Ravi (12) Sri Lanka disappeared after being ‘released’ from detention prison in Berlin (D) ARI
3/4/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died after being rescued from small boat by border police near coast of Almeria (E) MNS
in Apr 00 1 Glynnis Cowley (40, woman) South Africa suicide in Liverpool (GB), after her asylum claim was rejected, mother of 3 children IRR/CARF/NCADC
in Apr 00 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned while trying to cross the strait of Gibraltar in a small boat AFP
in Apr 00 8 N.N. Morocco missing, reportedly drowned trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat AFP
in Apr 00 1 N.N. unknown found dead near Ceuta (E/MA), reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain Mugak
25/03/00 6 N.N. (3 men, 3 women) Iraq Kurds, drowned near the island of Kos (GR) reportedly after vessel capsized MNS/taz
25/03/00 3 N.N. (minors) Iraq Kurds, drowned near the island of Kos (GR) reportedly after vessel capsized MNS
25/03/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa found dead, floating near the port of Ceuta (E/MA) MNS
24/3/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead near Nassau-Frauenstein near D/CZ border German Government
24/03/00 5 N.N. (4 men, 1 woman) unknown drowned on their way to Spain, found near Cadiz (E) Gara
23/3/00 1 N.N. Nigeria died in a refugee centre in Györ (H) under suspicious circumstances MGHR/Hungary
22/03/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania reportedly drowned trying to cross the river Morava (A/SK), trying to reach A Salzburger Nachrichten
22/03/00 3 N.N. (2 men, 1 woman) Africa drowned after small boat capsized near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS/GARA
20/3/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown found off the coast of Brindisi (I) reportedly trying to cross the sea to Italy ANSA
14/03/00 1 Nasim Sarbat unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ANSA/ILM/CDS
11/3/00 3 N.N. (men) Pakistan drowned trying to cross the river Donau (A/SK) illegally to reach Austria AFP/Salzburger Nachrichten/MNS
11/3/00 1 N.N. (man) Afghanistan drowned trying to cross the river Donau (A/SK) illegally to reach Austria AFP/Salzburger Nachrichten/MNS
10/03/00 1 Nassim (man) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in the detention centre Vulpitta in Trapani (I) MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi
8/3/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found in water purification plant Frankfurt Oder (D) German Government
06/03/00 1 N.N. (20, man) Africa died during deportation, jumped out of ferry which should have deported him; Bari (I) ILM
4/3/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead near Olbernhaus near D/CZ border German Government
in Mar 00 1 Sahin Coba Turkey Kurd, suicide in Weil im Schönbuch (D) for fear of deportation AN
in Mar 00 1 Murat Islak Turkey Kurd, suicide in Kirchheim/Teck (D) for fear of deportation AN
in Mar 00 4 N.N. unknown floating corpses found in Strait of Otranto (I), reportedly trying to cross illegally IRR
in Mar 00 2 N.N. Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers’ home) in Legnano (I) IRR
in Mar 00 2 N.N. (2, 6, children) Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers’ home) in Legnano (I) IRR
in Mar 00 1 N.N. (woman) Macedonia pregnant, died in fire in factory (undocumented workers home) in Legnano (I) IRR
in Mar 00 1 Zdzislav Dudca (40) Polish homeless migrant, died in fire in empty carriage he slept in at Napels (I) train station IRR
in Mar 00 1 Bogdan Rajka (40) Polish homeless migrant, died in fire in empty carriage he slept in at Napels (I) train station IRR
in Mar 00 1 Zahid Mubarek (19, man) Asia murdered in GB after being placed in a prison cell with a known violent racist IRR/BBC/Mojuk/GuardianUn/zahidmubarekinquiry/Statewatch/28/2/00 2 N.N. Asia died after their boat was pursued by Italian coast guards IRR
19/02/00 17 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, after ship wreckage near Canary Islands (E) GARA
15/02/00 1 Sultan Dogan (21) Kurdistan suicide, because of bad living conditions in asylum centre near Allbruck (D) SAGA/ARI
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 25
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
15/02/00 2 N.N. North Africa drowned on their way to Spain, found near Bolonia (E) DiarioVasco
9/2/00 15 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, small boat disappeared on Adriatic Sea near Italy Giuliano News Chronicle
in Feb 00 1 Djamel Hanoun (28) Algeria ‘sans-papier’, died of acute asthma being afraid of going to doctor in Corsica (F) No Pasaran
in Feb 00 15 N.N. Morocco missing, reportedly drowned after small boat capsized near El Ayun (MA) Mugak
30/1/00 1 Senida P. (26) Bosnia suicide, jumped out of 8th floor window in Frankfurt a. M. (D) for fear of deportation ARI
25/01/00 1 Ali Güzel Kurdistan hanged himself in refugee home in Singen (D) because of disgraceful treatment/lodging ARI
24/1/00 1 Robertus Grabys (49, man) Lithuania suicide, found hanged in Harmondsworth detention centre (GB) for fear of deportation NCADC/CARF/IRR
18/1/00 1 Christian Elmarasi Egypt committed suicide through intoxication in JVA Landshut (D) IMEDANA
14/01/00 1 N.N. (29, woman) Ukraine froze to death in the Belles mountains (BG/GR) trying to enter Greece MNS
14/01/00 1 N.N. (24, man) Romania froze to death in the Belles mountains (BG/GR) trying to enter Greece MNS
13/1/00 1 N.N. unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ILM/CDS
13/01/00 1 N.N. (25, man) Albania drowned, tried to escape repatriation by jumping from the ferry ‘Vega’ in Brindisi (I) ILM
13/01/00 1 N.N. (boy) Ivory coast tried to escape deportation by jumping from merchant ship ‘Jolly Rubino’ in Genova (I) ILM
12/01/00 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of exhaustion in hospital, Melilla (E/MA), caught in storm trying to go to Spain EP
07/01/00 6 N.N. (men) Kurdistan died in van accident trying to reach Thessaloniki (GR) from Turkey MNS
07/01/00 1 Brahim Akrouk (36) unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ILM/CDS
5/1/00 1 Vedat Yuksel (22) Turkey hit his head when boat driver tried to escape the border police near Otranto (I) ILM
05/01/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, near Tarifa (E) trying to reach Spain swimming from a dinghy EP
04/01/00 2 N.N. (20, 28, men) North Africa drowned trying to reach Spain crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat MNS/EP
3/1/00 1 N.N. (young man) China hit his head when forced out the boat quickly by smugglers near Otranto (I) ILM
3/1/00 2 N.N. (young men) North Africa drowned, bodies washed ashore near Cadiz (E) EP
03/03/00 1 Nelson Quinones-Palacios Columbia died in Mannheim prison (D) because of lack of medical treatment ARI
in Jan 00 1 Riza Karadag (38) Kurdistan asylum seeker in NL, died as stowaway in plane bound for the USA IRR
in Jan 00 1 N.N. (minor) Africa sans-papier, died afterjumping down cliff trying to cross border in Melilla (E/MA) Mugak
in Jan 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa reportedly drowned, decomposing body found in the Strait of Gibraltar Mugak
in Jan 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned trying to cross Strait of Gibraltar, found dead near Tarifa (E) Mugak
in 2000 1 Mohsen Lalei Iran rejected asylum seeker died near Eskilstuna (S) when he went into hiding MNS
1/1/00 1 N.N. (man) China drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach Italy ILM
1/1/00 1 N.N. (man) Albania drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach Italy ILM
01/01/00 1 Artur Muradov (±35) Azerbaijan suicide, hanged himself in a psychiatric hospital in Mülhausen (D) ARI
31/12/99 1 N.N. (man) unknown missing, reportedly drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach Italy ILM
31/12/99 14 N.N. Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when dinghy sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
31/12/99 1 Lenja Leci Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
31/12/99 1 Amed Agaj Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
31/12/99 4 N.N. (women) Moldova drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
31/12/99 39 N.N. a.o. Kurdist., Asia drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
31/12/99 39 N.N. Kurdish., Asia drowned in the Adriatic Sea after dinghy sank, in attempt to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL
29/12/99 3 Rabah, Nashreddine, Jamel (men) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Vulpitta di Trapani (I) CDS/taz/Mugak/MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi
26/12/99 1 N.N. (25, man) Tanzania stowaway, died trying to swim to Sicilian coast (I) after being kept as slave on ship ILM
25/12/99 1 Mohamed Ben Said (39) Tunisia imprisoned illegally in detention camp, died while proper medical care denied ILM
22/12/99 1 Marun Adeba (2) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC
22/12/99 1 Basil Adeba (4 ) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC
21/12/99 1 Maulut Rozga (3) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC
21/12/99 1 Zdravko Nikolov Dimitrov Bulgaria shot by German policemen in Braunschweig (D) when he resisted his deportation FR-NieSa/DIR-Büro/taz/Osnabr. Zeit/ARI
21/12/99 1 N.N. Vietnam found drowned in the Neisse at the Polish/German border near Bad Muskau (D) BT-Drucksache
18/12/99 1 N.N. (young woman) Congo committed suicide in detention centre in Luxemburg awaiting expulsion MNS
in Dec 99 17 N.N. unknown drowned near the Canary Islands (E) trying to reach them in small boats Informe Raxen
in Dec 99 1 N.N. (22, man) unknown drowned trying to escape police who caught immigrants’ boat near Fuengirola (E) Mugak
in Dec 99 5 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat sank near El Aaiun (MA) on way to Canary Islands (E) Mugak/ABC/Raz
in Dec 99 10 N.N. unknown missing, after small boat sank near El Aaiun (MA) on way to Canary Islands (E) Mugak/ABC/Raz
in Dec 99 2 Ramsi, Lofti (men) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in the detention centre of Vulpitta in Trapani (I) MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi
25/11/99 1 H.S. (30,man) Tunisia arrested for stealing a chicken, hanged himself in jail when he got expulsion order (I) ILM
20/11/99 1 N.N. China reportedly suicide, found hanged in toilet of Frankfurt Main (D) airport BT-Drucksache
19/11/99 1 Fode Kenate Guinea presumed dead, dissapeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI
19/11/99 1 Ibrahim Kante Guinea presumed dead, dissapeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI
19/11/99 1 Umar Balde Guinea presumed dead, dissapeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI
19/11/99 1 Ibrahim Camara Guinea presumed dead, dissapeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI
17/11/99 1 Hamida Mujanovic (42) Bosnia went ‘voluntarily’ back from Germany to Bosnia, died there of lack of medical treatment ARI
7/11/99 2 N.N. (men) Syria/Iraq drowned near Turkish coast, boat capsized in bad weather on way to Greece AFP
1/11/99 2 N.N. (men) unknown reportedly Albanians, drowned near Brindisi (I) after small boat sank AFP/taz/ILM/FECL
01/11/99 2 N.N. (women) Moldova drowned near Brindisi (I) after small boat sank trying to reach Italy AFP/taz/ILM/FECL
01/11/99 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Brindisi (I) after boat sank trying to reach Italy AFP/taz/ILM/FECL
01/11/99 12 N.N. Iraq Kurdish stowaways, died of fume poisoning on ferry Patras (GR) to Lecce (I) Statewatch/VK/Ya Basta!/taz
31/10/99 5 N.N Iraq Kurds, died in minefield while trying to cross Turkish-Greek border near Kipi AP/taz
31/10/99 1 N.N. unknown Kurd, drowned thrown into water near Otranto (I) by smugglers for fear of coast guards FECL
28/10/99 1 Esawy Rashedal (25) Kurdistan died, being forced overboard by smugglers of small boat near Otranto (I) IRR
28/10/99 1 Ali Sismek (29) Kurdistan died by a bad fall into the river Isonzo (I/SI) trying to cross the border ILM
12/10/99 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, electrocuted trying to exit a freight train in a goods yard in Wembley (GB) IRR
in Oct 99 1 Nestor Z. (17) Burkina Faso suicide, jumped from refugee hostel on a houseboat into river Elbe in Hamburg (D) ARI
01/10/99 6 N.N. (3 women, 3 men) Romania stowaways, found suffocated in Cyprus registered ship in Sevilla (E) harbour MNS/Mugak
27/09/99 1 N.N. (minor) Algeria drowned trying to reach Ceuta (E/MA) in small dinghy MNS/Mugak
19/09/99 1 Roberto Garcia Q. (47) Cuba stowaway found dead in the wheelbay of an Alitalia airplane at Milano (I) airport MNS
15/09/99 3 N.N. unknown drowned, small boat capsized off the coast of Tarifa (M) trying to reach Spain MNS/Mugak
07/09/99 2 N.N. (men) India undocumented workers, reportedly suffocated in van near Mantova (I) IRR/ILM
07/09/99 1 Faiz Ahmed (43) Pakistan undocumented worker, suffocated in van near Mantova (I) on way to Germany IRR/ILM
07/09/99 1 Nadeem Ahmad (26) Pakistan undocumented worker, suffocated in van near Mantova (I) on way to Germany IRR/IILM
in Sep 99 4 N.N. unknown drowned near Cadiz (E) reportedly while trying to reach Spain by boat MNS
30/8/99 1 Rachid Sbaai (19) Marocco suicide, set fire to himself in detention centre Büren (D) for fear of deportation MNS/Statewatch/ARI
29/8/99 1 N.N. Sri Lanka stowaway, found dead in lorry heading towards Italy near Hajdu-Bihar (H) MNS
26/08/99 3 N.N. Iraq Kurds, died in minefield crossing Turkish-Greek border near Nea Vissa (GR) MNS
23/08/99 1 N.N. (31) Algeria immigrant, reportedly drowned, found dead at the coast of Melilla (E/MA) MNS
21/8/99 1 Felix Garcia (28) Cuba stowaway, found dead in wheelbay of British Airways airplane at Gatwick (GB) airport MNS/Telegraph
19/08/99 1 Ousmane Sow Guinea asylum seeker, died under suspicious circumstances after deportation from Germany ARI
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 26
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
16/08/99 40 N.N. Kosovo Roma, drowned in the Adriatic Sea trying to reach Italy in small boat Romnews/Independent/Tampere Digest/LS/Vita
16/08/99 60 N.N. Kosovo Roma, reportedly drowned in the Adriatic Sea trying to reach Italy in small boat Romnews/Independent/Tampere Digest/Vita/LS
12/8/99 1 N.N. (75,woman) Yugoslavia Roma woman, died after a three days crossing of the Adriatic Sea in Brindisi (I) ERRC
12/8/99 1 Manikam Thanividirasa (40) Sri Lanka hanged himself after release of detention centre Büren (D) for new asylum application Hilfe MenschenAB
4/8/99 1 Tau Zohrd (43, woman ) Iraq Kurdish woman, drowned thrown into Adriatic Sea by traffickers near Italy Morgengr./IRR/MNS/ILM
02/08/99 1 Koita Yaguine (14, boy) Guinea stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Conakry (Guinea) to Brussel (B) flight VK/Morgengr./Trouw/PUB/IRR/MNS/NCADC
02/08/99 1 Tounkara Fodé (15, boy) Guinea stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Conakry (Guinea) to Brussel (B) flight VK/Morgengr./Trouw/PUB/IRR/MNS/NCADC
in Aug 99 1 N.N. (man) Iraq Kurdish stowaway, crushed to death in Dover (GB), hanging on the underside of lorry IRR
in Aug 99 1 N.N. (young woman) China died before or after smugglers threw her into the Adriatic sea near Brindisi (I) IRR/Giuliano News Chronicle
in Aug 99 18 Family A. (9 children) Albania Roma, drowned in the Adriatic sea when boat sank on way to Italy Rom e.v.
30/07/99 1 Bogdan Wszedybil (46) Poland suicide, got desperate by not getting a residence permit after 10 years stay in France MNS/Mugak/IRR
24/07/99 9 N.N. Morocco drowned, small boat hit rocks while trying to reach the Canary Islands (E) MNS
24/07/99 1 N.N. (28, woman) Vietnam burned (with her two children) in fire in refugee centre in Bad Kreuznach (D) ARI
24/7/99 2 N.N. (3; 6) Vietnam burned in fire in refugee centre in Bad Kreuznach (D) ARI
15/7/99 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Nieder Neuendorf Interior Ministry Germany
11/7/99 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, part of body found in border river Neisse near Keuner Wehr (D) German Government
7/7/99 38 N.N. (16-26) North Africa drowned in the straits of Gibraltar after ship captain refused to transport them SOS
9/6/99 1 Bouna Wade (minor) Senegal stowaway, found dead on the runway of Abidjan (Ivory Coast) airport (4th attempt) MNS
28/05/99 1 Aamir Moh. Ageeb (30, man) Sudan suffocated under helmet used to hold him down during deportation from Frankfurt airport (D) taz/AP/SZ/CNN/VK/Statewatch/Trouw/MNS/Reuters/KeinMenschistIllegal/27/05/99 5 N.N. (2 minors) unknown drowned, small boat collided with police boat in Adriatic Sea near Otranto (I) MNS/AFP/LS/NCAs
21/05/99 19 N.N. Angola conscientious objectors, missing since deportation from Portugal to Angola IAADH
18/05/99 2 N.N. North Africa stowaways, suffocated in a Moroccan lorry near French- Belgian border MNS
16/05/99 22 N.N. (8 children) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita
16/5/99 1 N.N. (woman) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita
16/5/99 1 N.N. (3) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita/NCAs
16/5/99 1 N.N. (5) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita/NCAs
10/05/99 1 Alabamou Mamah (30) Togo suicide, jumped into river Main in Würzburg (D) after asylum application was rejected ARI/ FR
06/05/99 13 N.N. unknown 3 dinghies with 40 people on board sank 100 km south of Arzila (E), 27 rescued ELM
05/05/99 13 N.N. (5 men, 2 women) Morocco found dead on Moroccan coast, drowned trying to cross the strait of Gibraltar MNS/Informe Raxen
in May 99 1 Moshen Sliti (41) Tunisia died of heartattack after delayed medical help in detention centre of Arenc (F) MNS/IRR/EUMC
01/05/99 1 Marcus Omofuma (25,man) Nigeria suffocated during deportation from Wien (A) to Sofia (BG), he had his mouth taped Statewatch/Morgengr./Ravage/IRR/AFP/BBC/Rosa Antifa/19/04/99 12 N.N. (4 children; 8 adults) Pakistan/Afghanistan reportedly drowned in river Tisza trying to cross Ukranian-Hungarian border taz/AFP/IRR/iN exile
16/04/99 1 K. Hamasediq Abdullah (45) Iraq found dead under a bridge in Dessau (D) after asylum application was rejected ARI
12/4/99 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Görlitz reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany
23/03/99 1 Veluppillai Balachandran (39) Sri Lanka suicide after hunger-strike in deportation prison Moers (D) for fear of deportation NCADC/IRR
20/03/99 1 N.N. unknown immigrant, reportedly drowned, found dead at the beach of Ceuta (E/MA) Informe Raxen
12/3/99 1 Emin Acar (17) Turkey presumed dead, dissapeared after being deported from Stuttgart (D) to Turkey ARI
4/3/99 1 N.N. Polish reportedly drowned, dead body found in border (D-PL) river Neisse near Ostritz (D) German Government
03/03/99 1 Khaled Abuzarifeh (27, man) Palestine suffocated being gagged by police during deportation from Zürich airport Kloten (CH) Statewatch/Morgengr./Pressesp. Rassis./IRR/MNS/AI/17/02/99 1 Azmon Qaka (29 days) Kosovo died in hospital in Maglie (I) after being thrown in the sea by smugglers ILM
10/2/99 1 Amed Dauda (18 ) Mali stowaway trying to escape from police drowned in Guadalquivir river near Sevilla (E) IRR/MNS
03/02/99 1 Idris Tey (31) Tunisia drowned near Siracusa (I) ‘illegal’ immigrant tried to swim ashore from a vessel MNS/ILM
in Feb 99 2 N.N. (babies) Bosnia died in bad hygienic conditions in refugee nomad encampment at Muratella (I) IRR
31/01/99 1 E.L. (28) Phillipines committed suicide with belt in JVA München (D) IMEDANA
12/1/99 1 H. Merkebu Getachew Ethiopia suicide by hanging himself in detention centre Lübbecke (D) ARI
11/01/99 1 N.N. (man) Kurdistan stowaway crushed to death under the weels of a lorry leaving the ferry of Dover (GB) MNS/IRR
04/01/99 1 Berzan Öztürk Kurdistan set fire to himself, Stuttgart-Stammheim prison (D) in solidarity with Kurdish prisoners ARI/AP/ZAG
in Jan 99 1 Elvane Vuciterna Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR
in Jan 99 1 Tarik Vuciterna (18 months, c.) Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR
in Jan 99 1 N.N. (15, girl) Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR
in Jan 99 3 N.N. Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR
in Jan 99 1 Süleyman Aksoy Turkey Kurd, suspicious death in the Turkish army after deportation from the Netherlands AC/MNS/ARI/Fabel van de Illegaal
in 1999 1 Cipriano I. M. Angola undocumentated worker died during ‘illegal’ work in Caspe (E) by falling from a tractor IRR
in 1999 1 Margota Romania Roma baby, died of heart attack when police raided camp in Casalino (I) IRR
in Jan 99 1 Savas Cicek Turkey Kurd, suspicious death in the Turkish army after deportation from the Netherlands AC/MNS/ARI/Fabel van de Illegaal/Nederlands Dagblad
in 1999 1 N.N. (woman) Sri Lanka suicide, asylum seeker jumped in front of a train in Russelheim (D) ARI
in 1999 1 N.N. unknown drowned, while trying to enter Germany ‘illegally’ ARI
01/01/99 1 N.N. (3 weeks, child) Kosovo found dead in a lorry by French custom officer IRR
31/12/98 2 N.N. Kurdistan drowned when boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank in the Aegean Sea (GR) AFP/MNS
31/12/98 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank in Aegean Sea (GR) AFP/MNS
29/12/98 1 N.N. Kurdistan frozen to death and mutilated by wolves in the forest near Nimfopetra (GR) MNS
29/12/98 1 N.N. (39, woman) Ukraine died of hypothermia in Avelinno (I) being kept in slavery by an Italian Baker MNS
26/12/98 1 Tesfa Bizuneh Ethiopia suicide, jumped out of 3rd floor of hospital in München (D) being afraid of deportation IMEDANA/ZAG
23/12/98 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) MNS
23/12/98 22 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) MNS
21/12/98 3 N.N. Morocco drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near isle Alboran (E) MNS/taz
20/12/98 3 N.N. North Africa drowned when boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Ceuta (E/MA) AFP/MNS/taz
20/12/98 5 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned when boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Ceuta (E/MA) AFP/MNS/taz
10/12/98 30 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned when boat to Spain sank in the Straits of Gibraltar AFP/VK
10/12/98 1 N.N. North Africa drowned in the strait of Gibraltar when small boat capsized MNS
10/12/98 32 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, missing after small boat capsized in the strait of Gibraltar MNS
06/12/98 8 N.N. Sierra Leone drowned near Malta on their way to Italy, reportedly thrown into sea by smugglers AP/MNS
02/12/98 1 J. Danielle Algeria pregnant, suicide, found hanged at police station in Ceuta (E/MA) while in detention AFP/IRR/AI
in Dec 98 1 Lin Yan-Guang (35, man) China suicide, asylum seeker suffering from depression in hospital in Brentwood (GB) CARF/IRR/NCADC
27/11/98 3 N.N. (baby, woman, man) Albania drowned when dinghy collided with speed boat near Brindisi (I) MNS/AFP/Reu
27/11/98 4 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, dinghy collided with speed boat near Brindisi (I) MNS/AFP/Reu
25/11/98 27 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, small boat capsized near Tanger (MA) on the way to Spain MNS/AFP/Statewatch
17/11/98 1 A. Rassal (34 ) Iraq hit by a train near Soufli (GR) after swimming the Evros (Turkish border) MNS
14/11/98 1 Harrinder Singh Cheena (16, b) India hanged himself in youth prison Halle (D) for fear of deportation SZ/MNS/ARI/ZAG
09/11/98 1 Solomon Mforbei Fusi (15) Cameroon stowaway fell in Lauchringen (D) from undercarriage of airplane between Africa &CH AP/MNS/NZZ/ZAG
02/11/98 1 Kamran Gord Iran suicide in asylum seekers centre Slagharen (NL) Trouw/Prime
31/10/98 1 fetus (4 months) Rwanda airport Zaventem (B) during attempt to expel Blandine K (20) her unborn baby died MNS
31/10/98 1 John Madu (31) Nigeria ‘sans papier’ bled to death in Liége (B) after being denied medical treatment BBC/MNS/IRR
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 27
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
25/10/98 4 N.N. (baby, 2 women, man) Albania drowned when dinghy collided and caught fire after leaving Port of Vlorë (AL) MNS/AFP/ARD/ZDF
25/10/98 16 N.N. Albania missing, reportedly drowned, boat collided after leaving Port of Vlorë (AL) MNS/AFP/ARD/ZDF
20/10/98 1 Irini P. (20) Belarus ‘illegal’ committed suicide in Thessaloniki (GR) being forced to work as a prostitute MNS
06/10/98 1 Daniel Kassa Mehari (32) Ethiopia suicide, jumped from railway bridge near Magdeburg (D) died of injuries in hospital ARI/ZAG
in Oct 98 1 Mehretab Kidane (28) Eritrea suicide, hanged himself at the day of his final asylum appeal hearing in London (GB) IRR/iN exile/CARF/NCRM/NCADC
in Oct 98 1 N.N. (woman) China died of heart failure, attempting to cross the Malse river into Austria from Czechia IRR
29/9/98 1 N.N. (18, man) Hungary hanged himself in a detention centre in Austria after being caught by border-police IRR
22/09/98 1 Semira Adamu (20, woman) Nigeria suffocated to death by pillow, being forcibly deported from Belgium VK/CCLE/AFP/MNS/IRR/AI/MN/Kein Mensch/IAS/Vivre/17/9/98 1 N.N. Macedonia reportedly drowned, found near D/PL border near Bahren-Zelz (D) ARI
17/08/98 1 N.N. Albania shot by police in train from Belgium to Italy when border patrol controlled identities MNS/IRR
06/08/98 1 N.N. (minor) Kurdistan stoned to death by smugglers on the Adriatic sea when he refused to pay extra MNS
in Aug 98 1 N.N. (girl) Morocco drowned in the Mediterranean during third attempt to enter Spain illegally IRR
in Aug 98 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, seen falling down from an aircraft near Heathrow airport (GB) MNS/OBV/IRR
in Aug 98 1 Saber Abdelh Morocco undocumented worker dies in disputed circomstances in Sicilian (I) detention centre IRR
30/07/98 1 Isuf Kosumi Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Valdet Rezita Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Xhevdet Krasnici Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Sali Emini Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Artan Dauti Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Zaim Dauti Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
30/7/98 1 Lumni Brahimi Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZAG
28/07/98 5 N.N. Tunisia stowaways, died in Genua (I) when vessel set fire NOS/Reu./BBC
26/07/98 5 N.N. Unknown drowned near Cadiz (E) while trying to reach Spain in small boat IRR
25/07/98 1 Mehmet K. (24 ) Kurdistan asylum seeker died of anxiety psychosis in emergency ward of clinic in Karlsruhe (D) MNS
20/07/98 8 N.N. North Africa drowned near South of Italy being forced overboard when spotted by coast gards AFP/CDS
6/7/98 2 N.N. unknown drowned because of strong current trying to swim across the river Tresa (I/CH) NZZ
06/07/98 7 N.N. Morocco found drowned at beach in Ceuta (E/MA) after boat capsized in Street of Gibraltar IRR/IPS/MNS
05/07/98 38 N.N. unknown drowned near Melilla (E/MA) on their way to Spain ELM
in Jul 98 1 Sofonias Alemseged (22) Eritrea asylum seeker suicide, hanged himself in Brixton prison (GB) IRR/CARF/NCRM/NCADC
01/07/98 1 Haydar Findik (±27) Kurdistan died in asylum seekers centre Altenburg (D) after being refused medical help FR-Thüringen/taz/AN/ZAG
30/06/98 7 N.N. Morocco drowned near Ceuta (E/MA) when small boat capsized TAZ
29/6/98 2 N.N. (minors) Africa died of starvation on a boat from Libanon to Cyprus full of ‘illegal’ immigrants MNS
22/06/98 1 N.N. (boy) North Africa drowned near Spain when his small boat smashed against a rock MNS
in Jun 98 38 N.N. Morocco drowned near Melilla (E/MA) on their way to Spain when their small boat capsized LR
01/06/98 1 Hasan Akdag (21) Kurdistan set himself a fire in detention centre Lingen (D), 2nd asylum aplication was rejected FR-NieSa/MNS/Morgengr./ZAG
16/05/98 1 Karim Hassan Palestine hanged himself in Nieuwersluis (NL) after being 8 months in detention AC/VPRO
15/05/98 1 N.N. Macedonia drowned near the Oder (D), jumped of a bridge chased by border guards MOZ/ZAG
14/5/98 1 N.N. (man) Sudan died fallen or pushed from a 4th floor window of a detention centre in Breda (NL) VK
02/05/98 3 N.N. Albania drowned after boat accident near Vlorë (AL) trying to cross the Adriatic sea MNS
02/05/98 1 Nouredine El Amrani (26, man) Morocco committed suicide in detention centre Kronach (D) after living 2 years in detention taz/ZAG
16/04/98 2 N.N. (22; 26, men) Morocco blown up while trying to cross the Greek-Turkish border through a minefield MNS
12/04/98 1 Asan Asanov (51) Macedonia died after deportation from Germany to Kocani (MK) while being severely ill ARI/ZAG
08/04/98 1 N.N. Bangladesh died in car accident in Klingental near CZ/D border ARI/ZAG
03/04/98 1 N.N. (23, man) Algeria shot by policeman (NL) after reportedly threatened detention guards with a knife MNS
in Apr 98 1 N.N. Romania discovered stowaway, drowned in the Ostsee (D) after jumping off the ship ARI/ZAG
19/3/98 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria stowaway suffocated in the hold of a Jamaican vessel on his way to Ireland MNS
16/03/98 13 N.N. North Africa drowned (disappeared) in the Street of Gibraltar when a Marocain ship sank PUB
16/03/98 10 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned near the coast of Cadiz (E) after their boat capsized MNS
15/3/98 1 Sharif Hussein Ahmed Somalia suicide in Graz (A) after winning ECHR case but refused residency by Austria MNS/UNHCR
14/03/98 1 Adrian Lucian Cretu (17) Romania died in car accident in Burgenland (A) being chased by border police Presse
5/3/98 1 Edmond Kapraku (30) Albania fell into the sea trying to reach Italy and cut into pieces by a propeller screw IRR
02/03/98 1 N.N. (25, man) Romania died of bullet wounds at the BG-GR border during attempt to cross the border by car MNS
in Mar 98 1 N.N. (47, woman) Ethiopia committed suicide in Italy, obsessed for fear of non-renewal of residence permit IRR
in Mar 98 1 Aimer Busher Tunisia missing after jumping in the Straits of Messina (E) hoping to swim ashore IRR
28/02/98 1 Muhamet Islami Gjeli (70) Kosovo murdered by Serbs in Liskoshan (Kosovo) after being deported from Germany ARI/ZAG
28/02/98 1 Naser Islami Gjeli (37) Kosovo murdered by Serbs in Liskoshan (Kosovo) after being deported from Germany ARI/ZAG
28/2/98 1 Beqir Sejdiu (36) Kosovo deported asylum seeker (D) killed in Quirez (Kosovo) by Serbian security forces IRR/ZAG
21/2/98 1 N.N. (21, woman) Somalia drowned, found dead in river Rein near Köln (D) ARI/ZAG
13/2/98 1 Sadik Genc Turkey presume dead, dissapeared after being deported from Bremen (D) to Turkey ARI
09/02/98 5 N.N. Albania drowned near Brindisi (I) trying to cross the Adriatic sea, MNS/IRR
09/02/98 5 N.N. Albania reported missing near Brindisi (I) trying to cross the Adriatic sea MNS/IRR
08/02/98 1 N.N. (man) Azerbaijan stowaway, found in the undercarriage of a plane from Baku to Gatwick airport (GB) IRR
7/2/98 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Baku (AZ) to London (GB) MNS/IRR
in Feb 98 1 N.N. (50, woman) Armenia suicide in police cell in Renkum (NL) asylum application was rejected twice Respons
in Feb 98 3 N.N. Iraq drowned trying to swim across the Meric river between Turkey and Greece The Observer
19/01/98 1 N.N. Albania mortally injured by a boat’s propeller on his way to Italy FR/MNS
8/1/98 1 Issah M. (30) Togo presume dead, dissapeared after being deported from Germany to Togo ARI
05/01/98 1 N.N. (24, man) Kurdistan set himself on fire his application for asylum was rejected for 2nd time (D) FR/MNS/ZAG
in 1998 4 N.N. North Africa found dead in an irrigation ditch near La Jonquera (E) SOS Racismo
in 1998 1 N.N. (20, man) North Africa stowaway, reportedly suffocated near Almeria (E) during journey hidden in a lorry SOS Racismo
31/12/97 1 Salko L. (39 ) Bosnia suicide, hanged himself in the psychiatric wing of the Tegel detention centre (D) CARF/ARI/ZAG
13/12/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Forst reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
26/11/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
20/11/97 12 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned in Adriatic sea when dinghy got a leak MNS/VK/taz/AFP/Reu./FECL/Vita/LS/TL
20/11/97 5 N.N. Albania died of hypothermia on Adriatic sea when dinghy got a leak MNS/VK/taz/AFP/Reu./FECL/Vita/LS/TL
7/11/97 1 Akim (24 ) Togo jumped out of window because of police raid in his appartment block in Bremen (D) NCADC/Int. Menschenr. Ver. Bremen/ARI/ZAG
27/10/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Görlitz reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
22/10/97 4 N.N. North Africa drowned near Tarifa on their way to Spain EP/MNS/Statewatch
22/10/97 13 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned near Tarifa (E) on their way to Spain EP/MNS/Statewatch
18/10/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
18/10/97 1 N.N. unknown frozen to death near Kipsdorf (D) near border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
in Oct 97 1 Vikas Singh Unknown stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight to London (GB) IRR
16/09/97 14 N.N. Morocco drowned near Tanger on their way to Spain VK/taz/EP/MNS/ELM
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 28
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
16/09/97 10 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Tanger on their way to Spain VK/taz/EP/MNS/ELM
15/09/97 3 N.N. Iraq killed by mines trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border, 11 others injured taz/AP/FR/Int. Herald Tribune / MNS
12/9/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan found dead in river Neiße (D/PL) near Bahren/Forst ARI/ZAG
9/9/97 1 Afrim Magastena (24) Kosovo-Albania consc. objector, hanged himself at refugee hostel in Prenzlau (D) for fear of deport. CARF/ARI
07/09/97 1 N.N. (man) unknown found drowned in river Neisse in Sachsen (D) when trying to cross the PL-D Border ARI/ZAG
in Sep 97 26 N.N. North Africa drowned when trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar Morgengrauen, IRR
31/8/97 1 Kwame Osei (±30) Ghana jumped under a train at Eberstadt (D) under threat of deportation Morgengr./CARF/ARI/ZAG
27/8/97 1 Zülfü Demirkan Turkey reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Frankfurt (D) to Turkey ARI
22/8/97 1 N.N. (woman) unknown found dead in the river Neisse near Ratzdorf (D), trying to cross the border illegally MOZ/ZAG
16/8/97 1 Ali Polat Turkey Kurd, reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI
09/08/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Ratzdorf reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
02/08/97 7 N.N. North Africa drowned near Pantelleria (I) when their boat sank on way to Italy taz/DPA/TL
in Aug 97 4 N.N. (men) Morocco found dead in a ditch near Pineda (E), reportedly asphyxiated hidden in a lorry MNS
01/08/97 1 Mohamed Boughnahmi Tunesia drowned, found dead near Pantelleria (I) TL
30/7/97 1 Ibrahim A. Turkey Kurd, reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI
26/07/97 1 Mihai Sandu (25) Romania found drowned near Oldenburg (D) shortly after threat of deportation FR/MNS/taz/NW/OL/ZAG
11/7/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D)near Zentendorf reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany
10/07/97 1 Halina Halim (44 ) Afghanistan found drowned at river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben, daughter (10 years) is missing ZAG
04/07/97 1 N.N. (26) Togo drowned in river Mosel near Schweich (D) when trying to escape from police Trierer Volksfreund/ZAG
27/6/97 2 Liu Zen G., N.N. China/unknown killed in bus accident, when D/PL authorities forced quick return FFM/Pro Asyl/FR/MNS/ZAG
20/6/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Hirschfelde reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
17/06/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Bad Muskau reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany
12/06/97 24 N.N. Morocco drowned near Tanger (E) on their way to Spain AFP/taz/Tagesschau/EP/MNS/VK/MUGAK
12/06/97 7 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Tanger (E) on their way to Spain AFP/taz/Tagesschau/EP/MNS/VK
10/06/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Guben reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
09/06/97 1 F.F. (27) Egypt committed suicide with belt in JVA Augsburg (D) IMEDANA/ZAG
04/06/97 1 Bektas Heval (26) Kurdistan burnt to death in refugee hostel in Friedrichshafen (D), assumed arson attack taz/DPA/Querblick/MNS/CARF/ZAG
02/06/97 1 N.N. (baby) Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz taz/German authorities/FR/MNS/SZ/ZAG
in Jun 97 23 N.N. North Africa drowned near Tanger on their way to Spain when their boat capsized EP/MNS
in Jun 97 1 Dinari Elai Ben Lazar North Africa died after 3-month hunger strike in protest at detention without trial (I) CARF
22/5/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
6/5/97 1 N.N. (16) Bosnia suicide in asylum centre Chur (CH) Bündner Tagblatt/SFH
in May 97 1 N.N. (33, man) Russia suicide in penal institution Halle (D) for fear of deportation ARI/ZAG
26/04/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Bad Muskau reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG
15/4/97 1 N.N. (man) Senegal died in hospital, found with hypothermia and frostbite near Deutschneudorf (D) ARI/ZAG
3/4/97 1 Peter San Pedro (25) unknown walked infront lorry after release from arrest on suspicion of being illegal in Kent (GB) NCRM
01/04/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Köbeln reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry/ZAG
28/3/97 87 N.N. Albania drowned when refugee boat capsized after colliding with Italian army ship Reu/taz/VK/MNS/SD/Statewatch/LS/MP/Vita
23/3/97 1 N.N. (12, boy) Kenya killed by plane wheels during stowaway attempt on Nairobi-Gatwick (GB) flight CARF/GuardianUn/IRR
16/03/97 11 N.N. Morocco/Lebanon died in van accident in Gerona (E) being pressed between boxes DPA/taz
16/03/97 18 N.N. Iran/Iraq drowned when boat capsized between Kas (TR) and Kastellorizon (GR) MNS/FR/Libération
12/03/97 1 Vijay Sainu (19, man) India stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight Delhi-Heathrow (GB) IRR/OBV
in Mar 97 1 N.N. (boy) Nigeria stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight from Nigeria to London (GB) IRR
15/2/97 1 N.N. (man) unknown found frozen/drowned at river Neisse (D/PL) near Ostriz SZ/ZAG
2/2/97 2 N.N. North Africa stowaways found dead in Pasajes (E) on Cypriotic ship ‘Deike’ taz/DPA/Statewatch
2/2/97 1 Ivan Zamecznik (35) Croatia suicide of civil war refugee in Regensburg (D) fearing close deportation taz/ARD/ZDFvideotxt/MNS/CARF/IMEDANA/ZAG
in Feb 97 1 N.N. Africa stowaway found in Delfzijl (NL), suffocated in ship from Cameroon AD
11/01/97 3 N.N. Morocco drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank taz/EP/MNS
11/01/97 7 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank taz/EP/MNS
10/01/97 3 N.N. (minors) Kosovo died in fire in refugee container without fire protection in Monheim (D) taz/Monitor/Berliner Ztg./ARI/CARF/ZAG
10/1/97 1 Herbert Gabbidon (68) Jamaica died in Walsall (GB) in police custody while police tried to deport him NCADC
4/1/97 1 Jean Masinga Zaire suicide in detention centre Neuenburg Cernets (CH) following depression SFH/IRR/CARF
in Jan 97 1 Vasyl Balakin (26) Ukraine hanged himself from a scaffolding in Trieste (I) after expulsion order IRR
in Jan 97 1 N.N. Tunesia smashed his head when trying to land with a group in Lampedusa (I) ILM/IRR
in Jan 97 2 N.N. Tunesia died on a ship journey to Lampedusa (I) ILM/IRR/Italian authorities
in Jan 97 2 N.N. Africa stowaways died by hunger in container on Kenyan ship in Antwerpen (B) Le Soir/La Libre Belgique/MNS
in Jan 97 2 N.N. Africa stowaways died by inhaling insecticides in Ghanan ship in Saint-Malo (F) Le Monde/Libération/MNS
in 1997 1 M’Bicha Zaire died in Bruxelles Airport (B) during expulsion procedure because of ‘pillow’ Público
in 1997 1 Bouasrai Benothmane Algeria thrown out of window during arrest in Algeria after deportation fr. Belgium Vers l’Avenir/Solidaire/IRR/CARF
in 1997 3 N.N. Nigeria/Liberia stowaways died on a Danish vessel because of poisonous gas BAZ
in 1997 2 N.N. (men) Africa stowaways, died of poisonous gas in hold of cargo ship on way to Amsterdam (NL) AmsStadsblad
in 1997 40 N.N. unknown killed, shot and buried by gendarmes, were caught crossing TR-Iran border at Baskale (TR) StreetJ/NoHuman
25/12/96 283 N.N. (men, women, children) India/Pakist./Sri Lanka drowned after international sinking by Greek captain of a vessel near Malta taz/UNHCR/DPA/MNS/ZDF/LR/VK/FR/IRR/MUGAK/EU/25/12/96 1 Anpalagan Ganeshu (17) Sri Lanka drowned after international sinking by Greek captain of a vessel near Malta MNS
06/12/96 1 P. Subramaniyam (35, w) Sri Lanka died frozen and exhausted on CZ/D border near Eggersberg VK/SZ/Morgengr./BGS/ZAG
in Dec 96 1 Mustafa Diffalah Algeria suicide by jumping out of window after refusal of residence permit in France CARF
24/11/96 1 Alfa Biyao Sabi Touré (35) Togo suicide, hanged himself in JVA Lörrach (D) fearing deportation and persecution Pro Asyl/MNS/ZAG
06/11/96 1 Mohammed Sharkeri Iran suicide facing repatriation (S) FARR/MNS
04/11/96 1 Senad Becirovic Bosnia suicide when ordered to leave Germany SZ/FR/MNS/ZAG
3/11/96 3 N.N. (young men) China hit by train near Ventimiglia (I) while trying to walk to France on railway line IRR
27/10/96 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Lebus MOZ/FFM/ARI/Bundesregierung/ZAG
21/10/96 1 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Cádiz (E) Mugak
16/10/96 4 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Cádiz (E) Mugak
11/10/96 3 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Tánger (MA) Mugak
09/10/96 25 N.N. Morocco drowned in Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank ELM
in Oct 96 1 Mohamed Korrich Algeria suicide by jumping out of train in Italy, fearing deportation to Slovenia CARF/IRR/ILM
in Oct 96 1 N.N. (man) India stowaway fell from weelbays, airplane landing in London (GB) from New Delhi (India) MNS
23/09/96 1 Ahire Naruna Awaifo (25) Nigeria killed in demonstration in Guinea Bissau after expulsion from Spain MNS/EP/AI
21/09/96 1 N.N. (36) Ukraine died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Menden (D) ZAG
12/9/96 1 N.N. Morocco stowaway, drowned in Bay of the Seine (F) after jump from the ship MNS/Le Monde
09/09/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Frankfurt trying to cross the border illegaly BT-Drucksache/ZAG
8/9/96 1 N.N. unknown found dead in the fuselage of an airplane in Frankfurt am Main (D) BT-Drucksache/JW/ZAG
07/09/96 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz SZ/FFM/ARI/Bundesregierung/ZAG
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 29
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
05/09/96 1 N.N. Morocco shot dead while trying to enter country illegaly, Ceuta (E/MA) ABC
04/09/96 1 N.N. (minor) Bangladesh reportedly suicide, found dead in court of youth refugee centre in Berlin (D) ARI/ZAG
02/09/96 1 Ibrahim Demiri Albania drowned near Puglia (I) after fall off motor-boat pursued by customs/border police ILM/IRR
in Sep 96 1 N.N. Russia stowaway, found frozen to death in wheelbay on flight from Russia to Rome (I) MNS
25/8/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz trying to cross the border illegaly BT-Drucksache/ZAG
22/8/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben trying to cross the border illegaly BT-Drucksache
6/8/96 1 Lenley Nestor Yengnagueba Togo jumped from the window when deportation police rung at his door in Stockholm (S) Svenska Dagbladet/Dagens Nyheter/FARR
01/08/96 1 N.N. (32, man) Albania suicide, kills himself by shooting in Gelsenkirchen (D) ZAG
in Aug 96 1 Metin Akbel Turkey reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI
in Aug 96 1 Ivica Matic (34 ) Serbia went ‘voluntarily’ to Sarajevo for fear of violent deportation from Germany, stept on mine ZAG
In Aug 96 1 Mohammed Yaqoob (49, man) Pakistan denied for 7 month visa for medical care to GB, died 48 hours after being granted it IRR
29/07/96 1 El Hassam Rizk Morocco found dead with many wounds in head, Cieza (E) ELM/Diario Vasco
29/7/96 1 N.N. Ghana stowaway found suffocated in Coruña (E) Egin
28/07/96 1 N.N. Maghreb found dead with many wounds, Aitona (E) Diario Vasco/Egin
16/07/96 1 N.N. Kurdistan suicide, hanged himself in Kassel prison (D) IRR
14/07/96 1 Juri Palienko (49) Ukraine suicide in detention centre in Erding (D) AN/JW/ARI/ProAsyl/ZAG
in Jul 96 1 N.N. Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in Kassel prison (D) jW/IRR
01/07/96 1 Amir Salehi Iran suicide by burning himself in Crailo (NL) as protest to long asylum procedure VK
30/06/96 1 N.N. Iraq died in a mine field near Alexandropolis (GR) Diário de Notícias
30/06/96 3 N.N. Iraq/Algeria died in a mine field when trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border Diário de Notícias/BRC
30/06/96 1 Reza Hashemy Iran died in mysterious circumstances after repatriation, as.claim refused by Dutch auth. MNS/NRC/AD/Trouw/CARF
29/06/96 2 N.N. (18, 21, men) Romania fell to death in Altenberg (D) on flight from border control D-CZ SZ/ZAG
25/6/96 1 Victor Onag Hnor Nigeria suicide, jumped in the Havel/Berlin river (D) after threat of deportation Asyl in der Kirche/ARI/ZAG
10/6/96 1 N.N. Nigeria died in suspicious circumstances in refugee centre Ter Apel (NL) fearing traffickers VK/Focus
06/06/96 1 Jude Akubakar (16) Sierra Leone drowned in Hamburg (D) fleeing from assumed policemen ND/OL/FR-H/ARI/ZAG
in Jun 96 1 Mohamed S. Iran suicide after Swedish authorities wanted to review his successful asylum claim Artikel14
27/05/96 1 Yemu Kebede (27) Ethiopia suicide, hanged himself in hospital Hellersen (D) ARI/ZAG
26/5/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Sagar trying to cross the border illegaly BT-Drucksache
26/5/96 2 N.N. (20) Algeria suicide, died in fire in Kassel prison (D) FR/JW/BerlinerZtg/ZAG
21/5/96 1 N.N. Morocco found dead by police near Cádiz (E) Mugak
17/5/96 1 N.N. Morocco found dead by police near Cádiz (E) Mugak
11/5/96 1 N.N. Maghreb drowned near San Amaro/Ceuta (E/MA) on his way to Andalusia SOS/Egin/Police
26/04/96 14 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead off the coast of Lampedusa (I) TL
25/4/96 1 Apedo Lossou-Gavo Togo suicide, hanged himself in Landshut (D) after rejection of his asylum application MNS/ProAsyl/AG3F/JW/ZAG
25/04/96 26 N.N. Sri Lanka/Africa drowned near Vieste (I) when two boats got into heavy sea taz/TL
25/04/96 1 N.N. Iran suicide, hanged himself in Haarlem (NL) after asylum application was rejected VK
25/04/96 4 N.N. (men) Sri Lanka drowned, in stormy waters near Vieste (I) TL
25/04/96 2 N.N. (women) Shri Lanka drowned in stormy waters near Vieste (I) TL
24/04/96 1 N.N. Romania drowned in Le Havre (F) trying to embark on Canadian ship MNS/Le Figaro
24/4/96 1 Tatjana I. Kabakchieva Bulgaria drowned in the river Oder (D/PL) trying to cross the border illegaly FFM/ND/Uckermark-Kurier/ZAG
23/4/96 1 N.N. unknown found dead in the river Neisse near Frankfurt (D), trying to cross the border illegally Bt-Drucksache
in Apr 96 1 N.N. Romania stowaway, thrown overboard ship by sailor on way from Algecircas (E) to Canada MNS
22/03/96 1 Abdellah E.K. Morocco drowned near Barbate (E) after jumping overboard fearing police control SOS/Egin
22/3/96 1 N.N. Morocco drowned near Barbate (E) after jumping overboard fearing police control SOS/Egin
16/03/96 1 Ibrahima Sey (29) Gambia died after attack by CS-spray whilst handcuffed at police station London (GB) MNS/NCRM
15/3/96 1 N.N. Iraq drowned after jumping from a cargo ship near Hamburg (D) Jelpke/JW
15/3/96 1 Noorjahan Begum (35, woman) Bangladesh fell to death from balcony of her home trying to flee from immigration officers (GB) NCADC/IRR
12/03/96 2 N.N. Romania stowaways, ordered overboard into make-shift raft on way from Spain to Canada MNS
11/3/96 1 N.N. Albania drowned while trying to cross the Straits of Otranto ILM
02/03/96 1 N.N. Sudan died while trying to evade port officials in Melilla (E/MA) Diario de Noticias/IRR
29/02/96 4 N.N. Liberia drowned, forced to jump from Maltesian ship at Gran Canaria (E) Egin
22/02/96 1 Jean-Baptiste Malan (33, man) Ivory Coast suicide in Murrhardt (D) fearing deportation on the same day taz/Morgengr./jW/ZAG
26/1/96 1 N.N. (19) Algeria set fire to his bed being kept in detention centre Bergen (N) longer than allowed Samora/Svenska Dagbladet/Statewatch
25/01/96 1 Enver Bolut (45) Kurdistan suicide in Delmenhorst (D) fearing deportation taz/Morgengr./ARI /ZAG
23/01/96 1 Thavalojan Kandasamy Sri Lanka suicide in detention centre/police prison Linz (A) fearing deportation Der Standard/SOS Mitm./Asylkoord.
22/01/96 1 Mohammed Chetef Nigeria suicide in Norway, being held 9 months by police doubting his identity CARF
18/01/96 1 Christelle Makodila Nsimba (6) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Christine Makodila (19, woman) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Françoise Makodila Landu (27,w) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Jean-Daniel Makodila Kosi (1) Zaire/Germany died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Legrand Makodila Mbongo (4) Zaire/Germany died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Miya Makodila (12) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Monica Maiamba Bungo (27, w) Angola died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Nsuzana Bunga (6, girl) Angola died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Rabia el Omari (17, man) Libanon died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
18/01/96 1 Sylvio Bruno C. Amossou (27,m) Togo died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG
17/1/96 1 Igor Horvat Bosnia suicide, found hanged in Den Bosch prison (NL) Dk
14/01/96 1 Peter Q. Ghana died after 3 months coma following a police interrogation in Antwerp (B) Chris de Stoop
11/01/96 3 N.N. (1 woman, 2 minors) Iraq drowned when thrown out from the Turkish boat near Island Kos (GR) Ta Nea/MNS
9/1/96 1 N.N. India found dead while trying to enter Lithuania illegaly MNS
03/01/96 1 A Yhan Kurdistan suicide, hanged himself after refusal of asylum application in France IRR/Libération
in Jan 96 1 N.N. Albania drowned near Valona (I) when small boat had problems in bad weather IRR/ILM
28/12/95 2 N.N. Africa stowaways found dead when the boat reached the port of Antwerp (B) MNS/Le Soir/CRIDA report
17/12/95 1 Naen Akram (24, man) Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zels-Bahren LausitzerR/TS/ND/FFM/LRBrand/ZAG
15/12/95 2 N.N. Benin stowaways died when they fell into the hold of the ship in Senegal Le Soir/MNS
13/12/95 1 Necmettin T. (17, man) Kurdistan suicide, set himself on fire in Hamburg (D), his application for asylum was rejected ZAG
1/12/95 2 N.N. Albania drowned after capsizing of boat near Otranto (I) VK/IRR/ILM/CDS/FECL/TL
1/12/95 17 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned after capsizing of boat near Otranto (I) VK/IRR/ILM/CDS/FECL
30/11/95 19 N.N. Albania drowned after dinghy sank off the Italian coast in Channel of Otranto (I) TL
19/11/95 1 N.N. Zaire died after jumping from an appartment building to avoid arrest by aliens police (NL) Trouw/MNS
16/11/95 1 N.N. (24, man) Algeria suicide, hanged himself in prison Dresden (D) fearing deportation a week later BT-Drucksache/ZAG
09/11/95 1 Masut Iqubal (24, man) Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Podrosche FFM/ZAG
08/11/95 1 N.N. New Zealand died falling from a ferry in Harwich (GB) after immigration was refused The Standard/IRR
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 30
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
05/11/95 1 Esser F. (35, man) unknown suicide, hanged himself in prison Holstenglacis/Hamburg (D) for fear of deportation ARI/ZAG
in Nov 95 1 Garim Fokassian Armenia suicide after refusal of asylum in Wien (A) Asylkoordination Österreich
28/10/95 1 Djemal Flissa Algeria died from weakness after hunger strike and being deported (GB) CARF/IRR
25/10/95 2 N.N. Africa one drowned, one disappeared near Gibraltar, when small boat capsized EP
25/10/95 1 N.N. (16, boy) Bangladesh mortally hit by car in Regensburg (D), abandoned by smugglers at night ZAG
24/10/95 1 N.N. Africa drowned in the canal of Saint-Denis (F) when fleeing from police check Le Monde/MNS
22/10/95 1 Bayeh Arefayne (19, man) Ethiopia suicide, set himself on fire after asylum application was rejected (GB) CARF/NCRM/IRR
07/10/95 1 N.N. Morocco fell to death when trying to escape from detention centre in Paris Le Monde/MNS
06/10/95 1 Solomon Mersha Mergia (32, m) Ethiopia committed suicide by drowning himself in Rhein-Main-Donau Kanal (D) IMEDANA/ZAG
in Oct 95 4 N.N. Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zels-Bahnren LausitzerR/TS/ND/FFM/LRBrand.
in Oct 95 2 N.N. (men) Iran asylum seekers deported from Turkey, killed after arriving in Iran TAZ
24/09/95 1 N.N. (man) Africa found drowned near Ceuta (E/MA) to where he tried to flee El Pueblo de Ceuta
19/9/95 3 N.N. unknown found in the gulf of La Spezia (I), reportedly drowned after jump from ship Giuliano News Chronicle/ANSA
13/09/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Brieskow-Frinkenheerd FFM/ZAG
13/09/95 4 N.N. Pakistan killed in a minefield in Kastanea (GR) near Turkish border ANA
11/9/95 3 N.N. Albania drowned, dinghy caught fire and capsized in Strait of Otranto (I) VK/taz/CDS/FECL/TL
11/09/95 12 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, dinghy caught fire and capsized in Strait of Otranto (I) CDS/FECL/TL
29/08/95 2 N.N. Ghana/Chad died in arson attack in Ulm (D) ZAG
25/08/95 1 Muttavel Vasananthan (25,man) Sri Lanka Tamil asylum-seeker hanged himself in Norwich prison (GB) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
25/08/95 1 N.N. (60, man) Poland suicide, hanged himself in deportation centre in Frankfurt/Main (D) taz/ZAG
22/08/95 1 N.N. (21, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself in deportation centre in Frankfurt/Main (D) taz/ZAG
20/08/95 1 Todor Bogdanovic (8, boy) Yugoslavia Roma shot by French police when entering from Italy on a mountain way Reu/AP/AFP/Vk/Statewatch/IHFHR
16/08/95 1 Selliah Jeyakularajah (35, man) Sri Lanka suicide, mentally ill because of bad circumstances in refugee centre Ochsenhof (D) ZAG
16/08/95 1 Louis I. (29, man) Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in detention centre Wolfenbüttel (D) fearing deportation TAZ/Morgengr./SZ/Pro asyl/ZAG
10/08/95 1 Djouabi Azzeddine Algeria drowned near Angulo (E) or murdered while trying to escape deportation El Pueblo de Ceuta
26/07/95 1 N.N. (36, man) Bosnia suicide, jumped from a window of his accomodation on the 6th floor in Berlin (D) Berliner Zeitung/ZAG
20/07/95 1 N.N. (man) Morocco found dehydrated in Castres (F) in a Spanish vehicle coming from Tanger Libération/MNS
17/07/95 1 Abdullah A. (man) Afghanistan found strangled in refugee centre Trausnitzstr. in München (D), reportedly suicide ZAG
15/07/95 1 Chandima Endirisinghe Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Chinteka Silva Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Haridar Kuman Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Jaya Kumar F. Pulle Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Manoj Arizrathan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Ormandas Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Pradeepan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Prince Fernando Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Raja Dhama Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Rames Sobramanium Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Rilwan Abdul Salam Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Sitrambalam V. Murthy Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Siwa Loganathan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Sumanasena Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Tennekoon Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Tusara Fernando Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Ukkuwa Malkanthi Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
15/07/95 1 Vasu Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG
14/7/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Eisenhüttenstadt FFM/ZAG
08/07/95 1 N.N. (woman) Peru killed by train in Menton (French Alpes) walking on the railway to Italy Libération/MNS
in Jul 95 1 Habib Hammouda Tunisia died after racist attack ignored by staff of the hospital in Ragusa (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
in Jul 95 1 Mohamed Bezgour Morocco drowned after being thrown overboard by smugglers in Marbella (E) ELM/EP/IRR
in Jul 95 2 N.N. Morocco drowned when the boat capsized near Tarifa (E) ELM/EP/IRR
26/06/95 1 Celal Akan (36, man) Kurdistan died by liver disorder in Celle (D) after refusal of operation costs taz/DPA/MNS/ZAG
22/06/95 1 Eisam Chandin (9) Lebanon died of fume poisoning after arson attack on refugee home in Bochum (D) ARI
17/6/95 1 Dalb Abad Iraq stowaway, forced to leave Cypriot ship and reportedly drowned (E) CEAR/Spanish authorities
17/6/95 1 Majar Abrahem Iraq stowaway, forced to leave Cypriot ship and drowned near Algeciras (E) CEAR/Spanish authorities
17/06/95 1 Vo Xuan Cuong (38, man) Vietnam driven to death by police hounding against black marketeers in Berlin jW/BeZe/Was geht ab?/ZAG
14/06/95 1 Suppiah Selvarajah Sri Lanka suffocated in Madrid when his home, a waste container started to burn Egin/Diario Vasco
13/06/95 1 Moses Ganaja (30, man) Sudan suicide, hanged himself in the deportation centre in Halle (D) Pro Asyl/ZAG
11/06/95 1 Kondeca Dealmeda (30, man) Zaire (Mapasi Jeancy) suicide, hanged himself for fear of deportation in det. c. Volkstedt (D) FR-SA/ADN/DPA/Pro asyl/ZAG
07/06/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in the river Neisse (D/PL) near Lodenau FFM/ZAG
03/06/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Brieskow-Frinkenheerd FFM/ZAG
in Jun 95 1 Khalid Moufaghid Morocco drowned in the river in Murazzi (I) after beating by club bouncers CARF/IRR/Searchlight
in June 95 1 Mrs. Rostas Romania drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) Aktion Zuflucht/ZAG
in Jun 95 1 N.N. (minor) unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL)as it’s mother tried to cross the river and tied it onto her waist ZDF/ZAG
27/05/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Hohenwutzen FFM/ZAG
19/05/95 1 Jaswant Singh (33, man) India suicide, hanged himself for fear of deportation in Regensburg (D) ESG/Pro Asyl/taz/SZ/BT-Drucks./IMEDANA/ZAG
09/05/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz FFM/LRBrand/ZAG
in May 95 1 N.N. (baby) Zaire died in labour when doctor refused help at first aid station near Caserta (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
1/5/95 1 Brahim Bouraam Morocco drowned in Seine after being seized by skinheads in FN rally (F) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
30/04/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Aurith FFM/ZAG
28/04/95 1 N.N. unknown found dead at the Swiss mountain Monte Capriano (CH) TA/Arbeitsstelle für Asylfr.
17/04/95 1 Ahmed Polap (23, man) Kurdistan suicide by jumping under train, fearing deportation in München (D) ESG/ARI/SZ/IMEDANA/ZAG
17/04/95 1 N.N. Iran suicide in asylum centre Haarlem (NL) Parool/MNS
08/04/95 1 Kassimou-Djibril Ouro-D.T. (27) Togo suicide, hanged himself with a blanket for fear of deportation in a prison in Hamburg (D) taz/Hamburger Abendblatt/ZAG
29/03/95 1 N.N. Albania shot dead by Greece border control when entering from Albania Trouw
28/3/95 2 N.N. (men) unknown stowaways found dead in a Romanian ship in seaport Amsterdam (NL) VK
20/3/95 1 N.N. Morocco died when jumping into water after being discovered by Spanish police SOS
12/3/95 1 EL Kadaoui (22) Morocco suicide, waiting for deportation in a youth prison in Wiesbaden (D) taz/JW/FR/Konkret/pro asyl/ZAG
9/3/95 1 N.N. Ivory Coast drowned stowaway in Le Havre (F), being sent back by French police Libération
07/03/95 1 N.N. unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch
6/3/95 1 Liberia unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch
6/3/95 1 N.N. unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch
in Mar 95 1 N.N. (baby) unknown died after doctors refused free help at the hospital near Rome (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 31
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
26/02/95 1 Abiyou Tilaye (37, man) Ethiopia suicide in detention centre Würzburg (D) taz/SZ/AN/ESG/ProAsyl/ZAG
26/02/95 1 N.N. Albania shot by a policeman near Florina (GR) when 11 Albanians were arrested Libération/MNS
13/02/95 1 Bat Bold Mongolia died in detention centre Carlslund (S) after refusal of medical first aid FARR
10/02/95 1 N.N. Gambia asylum-seeker stabbed to death in Hamburg-Bremen train (D) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
09/02/95 1 Yohannes Alemu (27, man) Ethiopia suicide, jumped in Donau river for fear of deportation in Regensburg (D) Morgengr./AN/ESG/ZAG
02/02/95 1 Sammy Nelson (26, man) Liberia beaten to death by police during blitz operation in container camp in München (D) Was geht ab?/IRR/ZAG
in Feb 95 1 Valentina Featherstone Latvia suicide fearing the deportation of her mother in County Durham (GB) Independent/NCRM/IRR
in Feb 95 1 Zinaida Mitzofanova Latvia suicide fearing deportation in County Durham (GB) Independent/NCRM/IRR
21/01/95 1 Kazim K. Turkey frozen to death in Rehefeld/Erzgebirge (D) on his flight via Czechia to Germany Infobrief ASYL /GSA Pirna/ZAG
20/1/95 1 Amar M. Tair (26, man) Algeria suicide, hanged in det. cen. in Wittlich (D) after interview with DZ Consulate 2 days before JW/Was geht ab?/Morgengr./ProAsyl/ZAG
17/01/95 2 N.N. (men) Ghana stowaways, found poisoned by pesticides in a cargo ship in St. Malo (F) CARF/MNS
in Jan 95 1 Gnanasegaram Selvarajah Sri Lanka died after racist attack ignored by staff of the hospital in Palermo (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
in Jan 95 1 N.N. Algeria asylum-seeker, psychiatric patient, beaten to death in Amersfoort (NL) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
15/1/95 1 Papie Mukuna Zaire suicide fearing deportation in asylum centre Den Helder (NL) PRIME
08/01/95 4 N.N. (27,w; 3 children) Serbia burnt in container in refugee center in Mellendorf near Hannover (D), by arson attack GuardianUn/taz/ARI/ZAG
4/1/95 2 N.N. (2, 4, girls) Kosovo died in fire in a refugee centre in Zell im Wiesental (D) Konkret/ZAG
01/01/95 1 Akim Mama Morocco suicide, hanged himself awaiting deportation in police headquarter in Paris (F) CARF/IRR/Searchlight
in 1995 1 Mathias Zohere (man) Ivory Coast suicide, hanged himself in Ivory Coast prison, after asylum claim was rejected in Germany ZAG
28/12/94 1 M.D.D. (woman) Dominican Republic suicide fearing expulsion in Bilbao (E) Egin
23/12/94 1 Mamoudu (27) Guinea found dead on ship in Santurtzi (E), locked in a cabin in RUS/D/B Egin
16/12/94 1 Shiji Lapite Nigeria suffocated by a neck lock during his arrest by London policemen (GB) Independent/MNS/Searchlight/1990/NCRM
16/12/94 1 N.N. unknown died on one of three rubber rafts with 63 refugees in Baltic sea, near Gotland (S) FECL
in Dec 94 1 N.N. Iraq died on a refugee boat with 62 refugees to Gotland (S) MNS
1/12/94 1 Jeyakumar R. Sri Lanka suicide in St. Gallen (CH) fearing deportation Arbeitsst. Asylfragen/TA
29/11/94 4 N.N. Algeria stowaways, drowned after jump into the Seine (F) when discovered Le Monde/MNS/de Stoop
17/11/94 9 N.N. Rwanda drowned when two Turkish boats carrying them sank near Pserimos (GR) Ta Nea
in Nov 94 1 Moussa Touibregueba Algeria reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Frankfurt (D) to Algeria ARI
26/10/94 1 N.N. Albania drowned after capsizing of boat with 17 refugees in the Adriatic Sea MNS
23/10/94 1 Joseph Nnalue (31) Nigeria died falling from 4th floor in London (GB) during immigration control raid GuardianUn./IRR/MNS/Indep./CARF/NCADC/NCRM
18/10/94 2 N.N. (babies) Kurdistan found dead near Cesine-Otranto (I) after shipwreck TL
16/10/94 1 Abdullah J. (35, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself with tshirt in prison in Ludwigsburg (D) in fear of deportation Pro Asyl/SZ/ZAG
12/10/94 2 N.N. (women) Albania drowned after capsizing of 2 boats in the Channel of Otranto (I) MNS/FECL/TL
12/10/94 10 N.N. Albania missing after sinking of 2 boats in the Channel of Otranto (I) MNS/FECL/TL
12/10/94 1 N.N. (minor) Albania reportedly drowned after boat capsized in the Channel of Otranto (I) TL
06/10/94 1 N.N. (man) Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Gross-Gastrose ARI /ZAG
01/10/94 2 N.N. Morocco drowned in the Mediterranean Sea before reaching Pantelleria (Italy) ILM/IRR
30/09/94 2 N.N. Morocco missed, after capsizing of boat with 30 refugees near Pantelleria (I) MNS
28/9/94 1 Romni Bukurjie Haliti (23, w) Kosovo Roma, burnt in container refugee camp in Herford (D) by arson attack taz/Jelpke/CARF/ZDF/ARD/Berliner Ztg.
28/9/94 1 Navgim Haliti (11, boy) Kosovo Roma, burnt in container refugee camp in Herford (D) by arson attack taz/Jelpke/CARF/ZDF/ARD/Berliner Ztg.
27/09/94 2 N.N. (±70, man, woman) Bosnia fell to death during trip to reach their doughter in mountains in Bayerischzell/Alpes (D) ZDF/BGS/German Government/ZAG
04/09/94 1 Lampo. Kanapathippillai Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Mosses Raian Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Pava Sathiarathi Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Sellaiah Subathira Sri Lanka missing, reportedly drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Sutharsan Kanthasamy Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Thevek Pathmanathan Sri Lanka missing, reportedly drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Alosies Jeyaratnam Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG
04/09/94 1 Arunagiri Rasaiah Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ZAG
30/08/94 1 Kola Bankole (30, man) Nigeria died during deportation trip from D to Nigeria after he was bundled up and then sedated taz/pro asyl/IRR/Statewatch/NCADC/VRF/ZAG
25/8/94 1 N.N. (man) Nepal drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Forst ARI/BGS/ZAG
23/8/94 1 N.N. (man) Algeria drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben ARI/BGS
22/08/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben ARI/BGS/ZAG
21/8/94 2 N.N. (minors) Kosovo frozen to death near Swedish refugee camp, after police refused efficient search Svenska Dagbladet/MNS
13/08/94 1 N.N. (20, man) Morocco reaching Antwerpen (B) as stowaway, drowned while trying to escape Le Soir/MNS
in Aug 94 1 N.N. Bosnia suicide in Gelsenkirchen (D) after refusal of his move to his relatives ZAG
25/07/94 1 N.N. (man) Croatia suicide, in police station in Bayern (D) 2 days before the planned deportation Jelpke/ZAG
25/07/94 1 J.K. (man) Yugoslavia suicide, hanged himself in the hospital of Wasselburg am Inn in Germany ZAG
18/07/94 1 Mohamed F. B. (14 ) Morocco died when he fell into the water climbing a ship to Spain Transmed.-Line Egin
09/07/94 1 Gabriel Juliao Mavonda (21, m) Angola suicide, jumped off a building scaffold for fear of deportation in Berlin (D) taz/ZAG
03/07/94 1 Sinathamby Mohanadas (26, m) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged himself in a wood for fear of deportation in Hattorf (D) taz/ProAsyl/ARI/Stern/ZAG
03/07/94 1 N.N. (man) Iran suicide, hanged himself in JVA Bützow in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (D) wib/FR Nie-Sa/ZAG
30/06/94 1 Halim Dener (17, man) Kurdistan murdered, was hanging ERNK posters when plainclothes policeman shot him in Hannover (D) ZAG
29/6/94 1 Moussa Daoudi (28, man) Algeria suicide, jumped out of the window in det. center in Homberg (D) after asylum was rejected ProAsyl/ARI/ZAG
29/06/94 1 N.N. (19, man) Kurdistan hanged himself in penal institution in Vechta (D) for fear of deportation KlaroFix/ZAG
22/06/94 1 Mohamed Badaoui (9) unknown died of fume poisoning after arson attack on refugee centre in Bochum (D) ARI
15/06/94 1 N.N. (19, man) Romania shot in the head by policeman in Kyritz (D) ARI/ZAG
02/06/94 1 Zhou Zhe Gun (43, man) China suicide, strangled himself in det. centre Volkstedt (D) after asylum application was rejected ProAsyl/OL/CARF/ZAG
in Jun 94 1 N.N. Macedonia tortured to death in Macedonia after his expulsion from the Netherlands AD/MNS
29/05/94 1 Kuldeep Singh (man) India killed by the Indian airport police in New Delhi 2 days after deportation from Germany ProAsyl/OL/ZAG
24/5/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz ARI/BGS/ZAG
09/05/94 1 N.N. (20, man) Algeria suicide, died of injuries after a fire in his cell in deportation prison in Dresden (D) ARI/Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Justiz
07/05/94 7 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat capsized near Malabate/Ceuta (E/MA) Diario Vasco
05/05/94 1 Owusu Mensa (26, man) Ghana suicide, hanged himself with towels in detention centre of Stadelheim in München(D) Pro Asyl/ESG/ZAG
in May 94 1 N.N. Turkey threatened with deportation, found hanged in police station Hengelo/NL CARF
27/04/94 1 Kwanele Eldah Siziba (27, w) Zimbabwe fell to death in London (GB) on her flight from police fearing deportation IRR/MNS/Voice
25/04/94 1 N.N. (woman) Romania drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Rothenburg trying to cross the border ARI/BGS/ZAG
20/4/94 1 N.N. (40, man) Albania died in fire in refugee centre Gieboldehausen (D) Konkret/ZAG
in Apr 94 1 N.N. Angola died jumping from a train near Cierne nad Tisou (SK) during deportation UNHCR
in Apr 94 1 N.N. Africa/Ghana stowaway beaten to death and thrown overboard by Danish crew near Ghana MNS/Libération/Le Nouveau Quotidien
22/03/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben ARI/BGS/ZAG
16/03/94 1 N.N. (22, man) Kosovo shot in his head by police near Bad Endorf (D) after chasing his car, he was asylum seeker taz/CARF/IRR/ZAG
12/03/94 1 Jasminka (11, girl) Bosnia died after arson attack against her Roma family on refugee centre in Humboldt-Gremberg (D) ARI/ZAG
11/3/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zittau ARI/BGS/ZAG
10/02/2012
Deaths are listed if they can be put down to ”Fortress Europe”
(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 32
List of 16136 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe
Documentation on 10-02-2012 by UNITED
UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees
Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, info@unitedagainstracism.org, http://www.unitedagainstracism.org
found dead
number
name country of origin cause of death source
25/02/94 1 N.N. (18, man) Romania shot in his back by policeman near Trebnitz (D) during car inspection ARI/ZAG
07/02/94 1 Raina Jovanovic (61, woman) Bosnia died after arson attack against her Roma family on refugee centre in Humboldt-Gremberg (D) ARI/ZAG
in Feb 94 5 N.N. Kurdistan missing, reportedly drowned in the Mediterranean Sea before reaching Italy ILM/IRR
01/02/94 1 N.N. (man) Zaire stowaway, drowned, thrown overboard by the crew of a German cargo ship OL/ZAG
31/1/94 1 Okwudiliri Collins Nigeria stowaway, died ‘falling’ from the Russian ship ‘Sovetstivk Hudozhuik’ near Tanger Diario Vasco
27/01/94 1 Son Ha Hoang (25, man) Vietnam suicide in München-Ramersdorf (D) set himself on fire after his asylum claim was rejected IRR/CARF/ESG/SP/FR-NRW/ProAsyl/ZAG
in Jan 94 4 N.N. Romania stowaways, suffocated in container in Felixstowe (GB) de Stoop/IRR
in Jan 94 1 N.N. Syria suicide in hospital (Norway) after waiting 2 years for asylum decision CARF
in 1994 1 N.N. (baby) Kurdistan run over by a car in the dark after having reached the Italian beach Il Manifesto/IRR Race Audit
in 1994 2 N.N. Romania drowned when trying to escape detention centre Fort Walem (B) de Stoop
in 1994 1 Lejla Ibrahimovic Bosnia suicide after refusal of British Home Office to give visa to her husband GuardianUn./Statewatch/IRR
in 1994 1 N.N. Romania smashed by trash collector when hidden in container in Niesky (D) Spiegel/Offene Grenzen-Offene Menschen/SZ
in 1994 4 N.N. unknown drowned in Danube near Hungarian-Austrian border ZDF/Hungarian authorities
in 1994 2 N.N. Rwanda drowned stowaways, thrown overboard by Dutch ship captain on the way to Greece Eleftherotipra/MNS
in 1994 1 N.N. Peru suicide during border police arrest by jumping out of train near Freiburg (D) on way to Basel ZAG
in 1994 1 N.N. unknown suicide for fear of detention in Türingen (D) ZAG
25/12/93 1 Emanuel Thomas Tout (23, man) Sudan died because of injuries from suicide attempt in detention centre Herne (D) ProAsyl/taz/SP/WIB/FR-NRW/ZAG
25/12/93 1 N.N. (man) Turkey died due arson attack on refugee center in Kaltenkirchen (D) CARF/ZAG
11/12/93 1 Ignace Mabassa Gabon died lacking medical care in prison for ‘illegals’ Bois-d’Arcy (F) Libération
08/12/93 1 Emmanuel Ehi O. Omah (23,m) Liberia suicide, hanged himself in detention centre Regensburg (D) for fear of deportation ESG/OL/CARF/ProAsyl/ZAG
in Dec 93 1 N.N. Yugoslavia suicide by jumping into the sea at detention centre Hellevoetsluis (NL) CARF
23/11/93 1 Haydar Kaya Turkey reportedly dead, missing after being deported from München (D) to Turkey, kurd origin ARI
12/11/93 1 N.N. (2, boy) Yugoslavia dies of fume poisoning after fire in asylum seeker centre in Bad Waldsee (D) ARI/ZAG
10/11/93 1 Mihail Bunja (23, man) Romania frozen to death after jumped out train in Schwandorf (D) escaping control and deportation IMEDANA/OL/ZAG
25/10/93 1 N.N. (man) Ethiopia suicide for fear of deportation in Diedersdorf near Bremen (D) Diakonie Seelow/Büro für Asylfragen/ZAG
15/10/93 1 Massivi Daniel Lopez (27, man) Angola suicide, hanged himself in detention centre in Trier (D) ProAsyl/OL/ZAG
in Oct 93 1 N.N. Kurdistan deportation from Switzerland, murdered by militiamen in Kurdistan Caritas/DAZ
10/9/93 1 N.N. (man) Macedonia drowned in Rhine while trying to cross the border from Austria to Switzerland TA/OAZ
02/09/93 2 N.N. (man, woman) unknown jumped out of window to escape fire in asylumseekers centre in Biberach (D) ZAG
in Sep 93 1 N.N. Zaire drowned in river Seine (F) on his flight from police / residence check CARF
15/08/93 1 N.N. Angola drowned in a river in Paris trying to avoid a police identity check MNS
09/08/93 1 N.N. (2) Libanon died in fire, caused by overheating of bedroom in a refugee centre in Emsteck (D) ZAG
01/08/93 1 Joy Gardner (40, woman) Jamaica died of brain damage after struggle with immigration/deportat. officials in London/GB IRR/MNS/Times/Independent/Statewatch/NCADC/BBC
23/07/93 1 Nazmieh Chahrour (23, woman) Palestine suicide in prison in Berlin (D) after being told she would be deported CARF/AR InfoNetw/taz/ZAG
17/06/93 1 Abdi Atalan (41, man) Kurdistan shot by Nazis in front of a refugee hostel in Dülmen (D) CARF/Konkret/ZAG
10/06/93 1 N.N. (man) Mozambique injured during a fire in the refugee centre he lived at in Dresden (D), died the next day ZAG
26/05/93 1 N.N. (1) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim in Hessen (D) CARF/ZAG
26/05/93 1 N.N. (2) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim (D) CARF/ZAG
26/05/93 1 N.N. (4) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim (D) CARF/ZAG
6/5/93 1 Miroslawa Kolodziejska (59, w) Poland suffocated by border police at Frankfurt/Main (D) airport with some cloths Wib/FR-NieSa/FR/ProAsyl/ZAG
01/05/93 1 Yilma Wondwossen B. (31, man) Ethiopia suicide, drowned Teltowkanal’s Berlin (D) after rejection of asylum application taz/ProAsyl/ZAG
23/04/93 1 N.N. (25, man) Senegal asylum-seeker was found hanged in a police cell in Eislingen (D) for fear of deportation IRR/CARF/ZAG
07/04/93 1 N.N. Zaire shot at point blank range during interrogation in police station in Paris (F) Le Monde/MNS
01/04/93 2 N.N. (28, 35) Albania killed by train in Balerna (Swiss Alpes) walking on the railway to CH TA/NZZ
23/03/93 1 N.N. (27, man) Afghanistan suicide, jumped out of window of refugee centre (D) ARI
20/03/93 1 N.N. (22) Albania killed by train in Coldrerio (Swiss Alpes) walking on the railway to CH TA/DAZ/NZZ
16/03/93 1 Turan Pekoz (43, man) Turkey suicide by setting fire to himself at Immigration Office Croydon (GB) IRR
03/03/93 1 N.N. (man) Turkey committed suicide in penal institution Dinslaken (D) WIB/FR-NieSa/ZAG
26/01/93 1 Bush Bacuma Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP
26/01/93 2 N.N. Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP
26/01/93 1 Pieris Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP
26/01/93 1 Wasantha di Barrova Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP
22/01/93 1 Lorin Radu (21) Romania shot in front of the police station of Stassfurt in Sachsen-Anhalt (D) when tried to escape taz/Konkret/jW/ZAG
20/01/93 1 Robert Karandja-Kouria (39) Kenia suicide, jumped in front of metro in München (D) asylum application was rejected ARI/ZAG
04/01/93 1 Kwaku Agyei Ghana suicide in Moosach near München (D) after being told he was to be deported IRR/CARF/ESG/ZAG
in 1993 1 Jaffarzadeh Iran died after deportation from Austria in the Evin-prison in Teheran Asylkoordination Austria
in 1993 3 N.N. unknown drowned in the river Oder/Neisse (D/PL) trying to cross the border illegally

Tribunal 12 vill ge en röst till dessa migranter, med och utan namn. I Kulturhuset den 12.e ska de därför inrätta en fiktiv tribunal där de låter skådespelare agera, men där det som sägs är de migranternas berättelse, likt hur Russeltribunalen på 60-talet, som också hölls i Sverige, gjorde samma sak med de namnlösa offren i Vietnam.

Tanken är rätt. Vad kommer folk om 200 år att säga om vår värld idag där vi lät denna tragedi ske, mitt framför våra ögon, utan mycket debatt och än mindre kritik av Europas politik? Människorätt förutsätter att man ser det gemensamma vi europeer har med afrikaner och andra folk. Idag är det dem, det hade kunnat vara vi. Även europeer har varit på flykt undan krig, elände och fattigdom.

Posted in: Antirasism